Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Myrtales > Myrtaceae > Eucalyptus > Eucalyptus camaldulensis
 

Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river redgum)

Synonyms: Eucalyptus acuminata; Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. acuminata; Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. brevirostris; Eucalyptus rostrata var. acuminata; Eucalyptus rostrata var. brevirostris; Eucalyptus subulata; Eucalyptus tereticornis var. rostrata

Wikipedia Abstract

The River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) is a tree of the genus Eucalyptus. It is one of around 800 in the genus. It is a plantation species in many parts of the world, but is native to Australia, where it is widespread, especially beside inland water courses. Oddly, it is named for a private estate garden near the Camaldoli monastery near Naples, from where the first specimen came to be described.
View Wikipedia Record: Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Attributes

Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  66 feet (20 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation; In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation; Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount; Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure;
Janka Hardness [4]  2180 lbf (989 kgf) Hard
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  2628384 / lb (5794599 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.721
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A gum is obtained from the plant. It is used medicinally and in tanning; The leaves contain 0.1 - 0.4% essential oil, 77% of which is cineol There is some cuminal, phellandrene, aromadendren (or aromadendral), and some valerylaldehyde, geraniol, cymene, and phellandral; The leaves contain 5 - 11% tannin. The kino contains 45% kinotannic acid as well as kino red, a glycoside, catechol, and pyrocatechol; The leaves and fruits test positive for flavonoids and sterols; The bark contains 2.5 - 16% tannin, the wood 2 - 14%, and the kino 46.2 - 76.7%; A fast growing tree with wide-ranging roots, it can be planted in soil stabilization schemes and can also be planted in marshy land where it will help in draining the land, thereby destroying a potential breeding site for mosquitoes; It is planted in S. Italy for this purpose. The wood, durable, easy to saw, yet resistant to termites, is widely used in Australia for strong durable construction, interior finish, flooring, cabinetry, furniture, fence posts, cross-ties, sometimes pulpwood; Australian aborigines made canoes from the bark; According to NAS (1980a), annual wood yields are around 20 - 25 m3/ha in Argentina, 30 m3 from Israel, 17 - 20 from Turkey in the first rotation, and 25 - 30 in subsequent coppice rotations; On poor arid sites yields are only 2 - 11 m3 on 14 or 15 year rotations;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia

Ecosystems

Predators

Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)[6]
Apiomorpha attenuata[7]
Apiomorpha baeuerleni[7]
Apiomorpha conica[7]
Apiomorpha frenchi[7]
Apiomorpha karschi[7]
Apiomorpha ovicola[7]
Apiomorpha pedunculata[7]
Archips occidentalis[6]
Australiputo eucalypti[7]
Bombycopsis bipars[6]
Canephora unicolor[6]
Chalioides vitrea[6]
Chrysomphalus rubribullatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cleora dargei[6]
Dasychira georgiana[6]
Desmeocraera ciprianii[6]
Dysmicoccus anicus[7]
Eriococcus confusus[7]
Eriococcus coriaceus (gum tree scale)[7]
Eumeta cervina[6]
Kotochalia junodi (Wattle bagworm)[6]
Kunugia latipennis[6]
Metisa aethiops[6]
Mnesampela privata (Autumn gum moth)[8]
Nothomyrmecia macrops (Australian Ant)[9]
Oemona hirta[10]
Orgyia mixta[6]
Parasa ananii[6]
Pataeta carbo[6]
Perthida glyphopa (Jarrah leafminer)[6]
Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala)[11]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[7]
Pseudococcus eucalypticus[7]
Pseudotargionia asymmetrica[7]
Sphaerococcopsis simplicior[7]
Streblote amblycalymma[6]
Streblote diplocyma[6]
Streblote siva[6]
Strepsicrates rhothia[6]
Thalassodes immissaria[6]
Timocratica albella[6]
Trichophassus giganteus[6]
Entomyzon cyanotis (Blue-faced Honeyeater)[9]

Consumers

Mutual 
Descomyces albellus[12]
Parasitized by 
Criconema lanxifrons <Unverified Name>[8]
Criconema pasticum <Unverified Name>[8]
Fergusobia brittenae <Unverified Name>[8]
Fergusobia camaldulensae <Unverified Name>[8]
Fergusobia curriei <Unverified Name>[8]
Fergusobia tumifaciens[8]
Hemicriconemoides insignis <Unverified Name>[8]
Hemicriconemoides minor <Unverified Name>[8]
Hemicriconemoides obtusus <Unverified Name>[8]
Hemicycliophora charlestoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Shelter for 
Calyptorhynchus banksii (Red-tailed Black Cockatoo)[13]
Chalinolobus gouldii (Gould's wattled bat)[14]
Entomyzon cyanotis (Blue-faced Honeyeater)[9]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Hill K.D. & Stanberg L.C., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 9Who's Eating Who 10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 11Low-density koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations in the mulgalands of south-west Queensland. II. Distribution and diet, B. J. Sullivan, W. M. Norris and G. S. Baxter, Wildlife Research, 2003, 30, 331–338 12Ecological role of hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungi in Australian forests and woodlands, Andrew W. Claridge, Plant and Soil 244: 291–305, 2002 13Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo – about the species Fact Sheet, Published by the Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment Melbourne, September, 2005 14Chalinolobus gouldii, Bryan Chruszcz and Robert M. R. Barclay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 690, pp. 1–4 (2002)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access