Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Myrtales > Myrtaceae > Eucalyptus > Eucalyptus globulus
 

Eucalyptus globulus (eurabbie; Tasmanian bluegum)

Synonyms: Eucalyptus gigantea; Eucalyptus glauca; Eucalyptus globulus var. compacta; Eucalyptus perfoliata; Eucalyptus pulverulenta

Wikipedia Abstract

The Tasmanian Blue Gum, Southern Blue Gum or Blue Gum, (Eucalyptus globulus) is an evergreen tree, one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia. They typically grow from 30 to 55 m (98 to 180 ft) tall. The tallest currently known specimen in Tasmania is 90.7 m tall (297 ft). There are historical claims of even taller trees, the tallest being 101 m (330 ft). The natural distribution of the species includes Tasmania and southern Victoria.
View Wikipedia Record: Eucalyptus globulus

Attributes

Height [3]  180 feet (55 m)
Width [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Medium
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Gray-Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Fall
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  8 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Winter
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation; In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation; Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount; Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure; The plant is reported to cause contact dermatitis. Sensitive persons may develop urticaria from handling the foliage and other parts of the plant;
Janka Hardness [4]  2470 lbf (1120 kgf) Very Hard
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Scent [3]  The bruised leaves emit a powerful balsamic smell.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  304325 / lb (670923 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.722
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves and the essential oil in them are used as an insect repellent; The trees can also be planted in wet areas where mosquitoes abound. The ground will be dried out by the trees, making it unsuitable for the mosquitoes to breed; A decoction of the leaves is used for repelling insects and vermin; Africans use finely powdered bark as an insect dust; An essential oil is obtained from the leaves; It is used in perfumery and in medicines; The yield is about 0.9% by steam distillation; The essential oil is also in spot removers for cleaning off oil and grease; Yields of 40 to 45 kilos of oil per hectare have been reported; A yellow/brown dye is obtained from the young leaves. It does not require a mordant; Grey and green dyes are obtained from the young shoots; A dark green dye is obtained from the young bark; Wood - heavy; An important timber species, it is used for various purposes such as carpentry, construction, fences, piles, platforms, plywood, poles, sheds, tool handles and veneer; The oil-rich wood is resistant to termites; This is one of the best eucalypts for pulp production for making paper;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Eucalyptus globulus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  

Emblem of

Tasmania

Predators

Amasa truncata <Unverified Name>[6]
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)[6]
Apiomorpha conica[7]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[7]
Chrysomphalus rubribullatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Coptomma strictum <Unverified Name>[6]
Ctenarytaina eucalypti (Bluegum psyllid)[8]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[6]
Eriococcus confusus[7]
Eriococcus coriaceus (gum tree scale)[7]
Eriococcus tepperi[7]
Eucalyptococcus lobulatus[7]
Hexatricha pulverulenta[6]
Imbrasia cytherea[9]
Kalotermes brouni <Unverified Name>[6]
Leanobium flavomaculatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Lepidosaphes eucalypti (eucalyptus mussel scale)[7]
Liothula omnivora[6]
Mnesampela privata (Autumn gum moth)[9]
Octaspidiotus corticoides[7]
Octaspidiotus subrubescens[7]
Oemona hirta[6]
Opodiphthera eucalypti (emperor gum moth)[9]
Phacelococcus brookesae[7]
Phryganidia californica (California oakworm)[9]
Pseudaulacaspis cordylinidis[7]
Pseudocoremia fenerata[6]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[10]
Spilonota macropetana[9]
Triaspidis bicornis[7]

Consumers

Mutual 
Hydnangium carneum[11]
Protoglossum viscidum[11]
Parasitized by 
Hemicycliophora brevicauda <Unverified Name>[12]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Hill K.D. & Stanberg L.C., , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 9HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 10Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994) 11Ecological role of hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungi in Australian forests and woodlands, Andrew W. Claridge, Plant and Soil 244: 291–305, 2002 12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access