Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Chrysobalanaceae > Chrysobalanus > Chrysobalanus icaco

Chrysobalanus icaco (coco plum)

Wikipedia Abstract

Chrysobalanus icaco, the cocoplum, Paradise Plum and icaco, is found near sea beaches and inland throughout tropical Africa, tropical Americas and the Caribbean, and in southern Florida and the Bahamas. The inland subspecies is Chrysobalanus icaco pellocarpus.
View Wikipedia Record: Chrysobalanus icaco


Invasive Species

Chrysobalanus icaco is a perennial shrub that is native to tropical America. It has been introduced to different regions of the world to prevent soil erosion, as an ornamental shrub and for its edible fruit. Chrysobalanus icaco can form dense stands and become invasive. In French Polynesia, the species has been declared a threat to biodiversity.
View ISSG Record: Chrysobalanus icaco


Janka Hardness [1]  3440 lbf (1560 kgf) Very Hard
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [3]  0.75
Structure [4]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Reserva Biológica Isla del Caño Biological Reserve Ia 1054 Costa Rica  
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica


Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[5]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[6]
Austrotachardiella gemmifera[7]
Conchaspis angraeci[7]
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)[8]
Mellisuga helenae (Bee Hummingbird)[9]

Range Map

Widespread in tropical America and tropical Africa. Mainly coastal distribution, except for subsp. atacorensis, which is widespread in the interior of Africa.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
6Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Forest elephant group composition, frugivory and coastal use in the Réserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon, Bethan J. Morgan and P. C. Lee, African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp. 519 - 526
9"FLORAL TRAITS OF PLANTS VISITED BY THE BEE HUMMINGBIRD (MELLISUGA HELENAE)", Bo Dalsgaard, Daniel W. Carstensen, Arturo Kirkconnell, Ana M. Martín González, Orestes Martínez García, Allan Timmermann, & William J. Sutherland, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 23: 143–149, 2012
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