Animalia > Echinodermata > Echinoidea > Camarodonta > Odontophora > Strongylocentrotidae > Mesocentrotus > Mesocentrotus franciscanus

Mesocentrotus franciscanus (Red sea urchin)

Synonyms: Strongylocentrotus franciscanus; Toxocidaris franciscana

Wikipedia Abstract

The red sea urchin (Mesocentrotus franciscanus) is a sea urchin found in the Pacific Ocean from Alaska to Baja California. It lives in shallow waters from the low-tide line to greater than 100 m (330 ft) deep, and is typically found on rocky shores sheltered from extreme wave action.
View Wikipedia Record: Mesocentrotus franciscanus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  200 years

Prey / Diet

Acanthancora cyanocrypta (Cobalt sponge)[2]
Bugula neritina (Common bugula)[2]
Bugulina californica (Marine bryozoan)[2]
Chelyosoma productum (Horseshoe sea squirt)[2]
Crisia occidentalis[2]
Euherdmania claviformis (Grey tunicate)[2]
Fusitriton oregonensis (Oregon triton)[2]
Leucilla nuttingi (Tubular sponge)[2]
Phyllospadix torreyi (Torrey's surfgrass)[2]
Polyclinum planum (Brown tunicate)[2]
Primavelans insculpta[2]
Pycnoclavella stanleyi (Orange-striped tunicate)[2]
Spheciospongia confoederata[2]
Styela montereyensis (Stalked sea squirt)[2]
Styela yakutatensis[2]
Tethya aurantium (golf ball sponge)[2]
Thalamoporella californica[2]
Zostera marina (Eel Grass)[2]


Dermasterias imbricata (Leather sea star)[2]
Embiotoca jacksoni (Black perch)[2]
Embiotoca lateralis (Blue seaperch)[2]
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)[2]
Fusitriton oregonensis (Oregon triton)[2]
Haematopus bachmani (Black Oystercatcher)[2]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[2]
Homo sapiens (man)[2]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[3]
Lytechinus pictus[2]
Panulirus interruptus (California spiny lobster)[2]
Pycnopodia helianthoides (Sunflower sea star)[4]
Rhacochilus vacca (Pile surfperch)[2]
Semicossyphus pulcher (California sheephead)[5]
Styela yakutatensis[2]


Parasitized by 
Syndesmis franciscana[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jackson Zoological Park
John Ball Zoological Garden
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Oregon Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Wootton, J. Timothy. "Estimates and tests of per capita interaction strength: diet, abundance, and impact of intertidally foraging birds." Ecological Monographs 67.1 (1997): 45+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010
4D. J. Moitoza and D. W. Phillips, Prey defense, predator preference, and nonrandom diet: The interactions between Pycnopodia helianthoides and two species of sea urchins, Marine Biology Volume 53, Number 4 (1979), 299-304
5Site-specific differences in the feeding ecology of the California sheephead, Semicossyphus pulcher (Labridae), Robert K. Cowen, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. 16, No. 1-3, pp. 193-203. 1986
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access