Plantae > Tracheophyta > Polypodiopsida > Polypodiales > Aspleniaceae > Asplenium > Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum (black spleenwort)

Wikipedia Abstract

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum is a common species of fern known by the common name black spleenwort. It is found mostly in Africa, Europe, and Eurasia, but is also native to a few locales in Mexico and the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Asplenium adiantum-nigrum



Height [2]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Light Preference [3]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [3]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Hazards [2]  Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable; Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Fern
Usage [2]  A decoction of the herb is a good hair wash;
View Plants For A Future Record : Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Älgön-Brattön 2933 Sweden  
Basse vallée de l'Amblève (Aywaille; Comblain-au-Pont; Sprimont) 842 Belgium  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Buntsandsteinfelsen im Rurtal 778 Germany  
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Elstersteilhänge 1628 Germany  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Glen Coe 7329 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Harbottle Moors 2314 England, United Kingdom  
Haut-Pays des Honnelles (Honnelles; Quiévrain) 1435 Belgium  
Hill of Towanreef 4660 Scotland, United Kingdom
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kamionki 165 Poland  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lewis Peatlands 69055 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Druidibeg National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Masyw Slezy 12502 Poland  
Moffat Hills 7146 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Saaletal zwischen Hohenwarte und Saalfeld 1838 Germany  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Steilhänge der Saar 2738 Germany  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Vallées de la Warche et du Bayehon en aval du barrage de Robertville (Malmedy; Waimes) 1140 Belgium  
Vogelschutzgebiet Buntsandsteinfelsen im Rurtal 778 Germany  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States


Idiopterus nephrelepidis (fern aphid)[4]
Mycosphaerella asplenii[5]
Psychoides filicivora[4]


Parasitized by 
Milesia magnusiana[5]


North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access