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Xenopus laevis (African Clawed Frog)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis, also known as the xenopus, African clawed toad, African claw-toed frog or the platanna) is a species of African aquatic frog of the Pipidae family. Its name is derived from the three short claws on each hind foot, which it uses to tear apart its food. The word Xenopus means "strange foot" and laevis means "smooth".African clawed frogs can grow up to a length of 5 in (13 cm).
View Wikipedia Record: Xenopus laevis

Invasive Species

Xenopus laevis (the African clawed frog) is the standard experimental amphibian used in laboratories pan-globally. Escapees have formed viable and invasive populations in many climates, where individuals are generalist aquatic carnivores, predating on invertebrates, amphibians and fish.
View ISSG Record: Xenopus laevis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
39
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 25.74
EDGE Score: 3.29

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  130 grams
Female Maturity [2]  6 months 3 days
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  2 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Parc National de l'Upemba National Park II 3342558 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Uluguru Forest Reserves   Tanzania      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Predators

Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[3]
Hydrictis maculicollis (Spotted-necked Otter)[4]
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)[5]
Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned Night-Heron)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[3]
Thamnophis hammondii (Two-striped Garter Snake)[3]
Threskiornis aethiopicus (Sacred Ibis)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Batrachocamallanus slomei <Unverified Name>[7]
Batrachocamallanus xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Camallanus kaapstaadi <Unverified Name>[7]
Camallanus xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cephalochlamys namaquensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cercaria xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Chabaudus leberrei <Unverified Name>[7]
Clinostomum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomulum xenopi <Unverified Name>[7]
Dollfuschella rodhaini <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrdicotylus gallieni <Unverified Name>[7]
Halipegus rhodesiensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Oligolecithus elianae <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthioglyphe xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pleurogenes cystolobatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Procamallanus slomei[7]
Progonimodiscus doyeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Protopolystoma simplicis <Unverified Name>[7]
Protopolystoma xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudocapillaroides xenopi <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys xenopi <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]
Xenopodistomum xenopodis <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Brooklands Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Clyde Peeling's Reptiland
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Great Plains Zooborealis
Henson Robinson Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
London Aquarium
Louisville Zoological Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Miller Park Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton College
Musee d'Histoire Naturelle de Tournai
Museum de Besancon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
 borealis
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Newport Aquarium
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nordens Ark
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Riga Zoo
 borealis
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Scovill Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Tbilisi Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoolaevis
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Wellington Zoo Trust
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 4Lutra maculicollis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 712, pp. 1–6 (2002) 5Nycteris grandis, M. B. C. Hickey and J. M. Dunlop, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 632, pp. 1–4 (2000) 6"FOOD OF SACRED IBIS THRESKIORNIS AETHIOPICUS NESTLINGS IN THE FREE STATE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA", Grzegorz Kopija, Ordino B. Koka & Zennon N. Roosa, Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology Volume 67, Issue 3-4, 1996 (2010) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access