Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Eleutherodactylidae > Eleutherodactylus > Eleutherodactylus coqui

Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí; Coqui; Common Coqui)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common coquí or coquí (Eleutherodactylus coqui) is a frog native to Puerto Rico belonging to the Eleutherodactylidae family. The species is named for the loud call the males make at night. This sound serves two purposes. "CO" serves to repel males and establish territory while the "KEE" serves to attract females. Since the auditory systems of males and females respond preferentially to different notes of the male call, this is an example of a sex difference in a sensory system. The common coquí is a very important aspect of Puerto Rican culture, and it has become an unofficial territorial symbol of Puerto Rico.
View Wikipedia Record: Eleutherodactylus coqui

Invasive Species

Eleutherodactylus coqui is a relatively small tree frog native to Puerto Rico. The frogs are quite adaptable to different ecological zones and elevations. Their loud call is the main reason they are considered a pest. E. coqui's mating call is its namesake, a high-pitched, two-note "co-qui" (ko-kee') which attains nearly 100 decibels at 0.5 metres. E. coqui have a voracious appetite and there is concern in Hawaii, where it has been introduced, that E. coqui may put Hawaiis endemic insect and spider species at risk and compete with endemic birds and other native fauna which rely on insects for food.
View ISSG Record: Eleutherodactylus coqui

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.36
EDGE Score: 2.34


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Litter Size [1]  27
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  2.0 inches (5.2 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes

Emblem of

Puerto Rico

Prey / Diet

Anolis evermanni (Emerald anole, Evermann's Anole, Small Green Anole)[2]
Anolis gundlachi (Yellow-bearded Anole)[2]
Anolis stratulus (Spotted anole, St. Thomas Anole, Banded Anole)[2]
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí)[2]
Eleutherodactylus eneidae (Mottled Coqui)[2]
Eleutherodactylus hedricki (Tree-hole Coqui)[2]
Eleutherodactylus portoricensis (Puerto Rican Coqui)[2]
Eleutherodactylus richmondi (Ground Coqui)[2]
Eleutherodactylus wightmanae (Wrinkled Coqui)[2]
Scolopendra alternans[2]


Anolis gundlachi (Yellow-bearded Anole)[2]
Borikenophis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Racer)[3]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[2]
Chilabothrus inornatus (Puerto Rican Boa)[2]
Ctenus ottleyi[4]
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí)[2]
Eleutherodactylus wightmanae (Wrinkled Coqui)[2]
Megascops nudipes (Puerto Rican Screech-Owl)[2]
Melanerpes portoricensis (Puerto Rican Woodpecker)[2]
Myiarchus antillarum (Puerto Rican Flycatcher)[2]
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)[2]
Parkesia motacilla (Louisiana Waterthrush)[2]
Rattus rattus (black rat)[2]
Saurothera vieilloti (Puerto Rican Lizard-Cuckoo)[2]
Scolopendra alternans[2]
Sphaerodactylus klauberi (Puerto Rican highland sphaero, Klauber's Least Gecko)[2]
Todus mexicanus (Puerto Rican Tody)[2]
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)[2]
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)[2]
Vireo latimeri (Puerto Rican Vireo)[2]


Parasitized by 
Oswaldocruzia lenteixeirai <Unverified Name>[5]
Parapharyngodon garciae <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Central Florida Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Zoo Atlanta

Range Map

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
4Predation on amphibians by spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) in the Neotropical region, Marcelo Menin, Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues and Clarissa Salette de Azevedo, Phyllomedusa 4(1):39-47, 2005
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access