Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Ambystomatidae > Ambystoma > Ambystoma maculatum
 

Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)

Synonyms: Lacerta maculata; Lacerta subviolacea
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The spotted salamander or yellow-spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) is a mole salamander common in the eastern United States and Canada. The spotted salamander is the state amphibian of Ohio and South Carolina. This salamander ranges from Nova Scotia, to Lake Superior, to southern Georgia and Texas. Its embryos have been found to have symbiotic algae living inside them.
View Wikipedia Record: Ambystoma maculatum

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
21
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
47
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.62
EDGE Score: 3.78

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  13 grams
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [1]  Carnivore, Planktivore
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  125
Maximum Longevity [2]  32 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Temporary Pools

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States

Ecosystems

Emblem of

South Carolina

Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)[3]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[3]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[3]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[3]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[3]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[3]
Hypogastrura nivicola (snow flea)[3]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[3]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[3]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[3]
Narceus americanus (North american millipede)[3]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[3]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[3]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[3]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[3]
Tuberolachnus salignus[3]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)6
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)2
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)5
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)12
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)2
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)4
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)2
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)7
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)5
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)1
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)8
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)2
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)4
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)5
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)3
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)9
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)5
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)3
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)4
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)8
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)12
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)8
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)5
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)3
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)3
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)7
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)2
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)4
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)8
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)3
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)6
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)6
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)5
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)4
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)3
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)10
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)7
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)5
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)3
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)5
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)2
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)2
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)5
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)8
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)1
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)2

Predators

Ambystoma tigrinum (Eastern Tiger Salamander)[4]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[3]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[3]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[3]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[3]
Desserobdella picta[4]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[3]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[3]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[3]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[3]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[3]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[3]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[3]
Diphasiastrum digitatum (fan clubmoss)[3]
Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[3]
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)[3]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[3]
Leucobryum glaucum (leucobryum moss)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[3]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[3]
Utricularia macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Batracholandros magnavulvaris <Unverified Name>[5]
Brachycoelium salamandrae[5]
Cosmocercoides dukae <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdias ambystomae <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Mill Mountain Zoo
Montgomery Zoo
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
North Carolina Zoological Park
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
South Carolina Aquarium
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Wonders of Wildlife Museum
Zoo Atlanta

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access