Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Phaeognathus > Phaeognathus hubrichti
 

Phaeognathus hubrichti (Red Hills Salamander)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Red Hills salamander (Phaeognathus hubrichti) is a fairly large, terrestrial salamander growing to about 255 millimetres . Its body color is gray to brownish without markings, and its limbs are relatively short. It is the official state amphibian of Alabama.
View Wikipedia Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti

EDGE Analysis

The Red Hills salamander is a large, burrowing species that grows to a length of 250 mm. It was discovered in 1960 and seldom emerges completely from its underground refuge, hunting for invertebrate prey at night at the entrance of its retreat. It lives in steep slopes along damp ravines covered by hardwood forest. Around 60% of its habitat is owned or leased by paper companies that are degrading and destroying this speciesÂ’ habitat by timber harvest and pine plantations. Six Habitat Conservation Plans for populations of Red Hills salamanders (covering approximately 25,169 hectares) have been approved by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in cooperation with timber companies in southern Alabama.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
21
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
79
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.35
EDGE Score: 5.85
View EDGE Record: Phaeognathus hubrichti

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  5 years 6 months
Litter Size [1]  9
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Emblem of

Alabama

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by McDiarmid R.W., 2009-09-01, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011