Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Apterygiformes > Apterygidae > Apteryx > Apteryx australis
 

Apteryx australis (Southern Tokoeka; Southern Brown Kiwi; Brown Kiwi; Haast Tokoeka)

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern brown kiwi, tokoeka, or common kiwi, Apteryx australis, is a species of kiwi from New Zealand's South Island. Until 2000 it was considered conspecific with the North Island brown kiwi, and still is by some authorities.
View Wikipedia Record: Apteryx australis

Infraspecies

Apteryx australis australis (South Island kiwi)
Apteryx australis lawryi (Stewart Island kiwi)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
22
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
63
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 16.7642
EDGE Score: 4.26348

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.14 lbs (2.33 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  325 grams
Female Weight [1]  5.60 lbs (2.54 kg)
Male Weight [1]  4.67 lbs (2.12 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  19.8 %
Clutch Size [2]  1
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  75 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  35 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Prey / Diet

Elaeocarpus pierrei[4]
Prumnopitys ferruginea (Miro)[4]
Rhopalostylis sapida[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anthornis melanura (New Zealand Bellbird)1
Callaeas cinereus (Kokako)3
Chryseococcus arecae1
Gallirallus australis (Weka)2
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Pigeon)3
Mystacina tuberculata (New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat)1
Nestor meridionalis (New Zealand Kaka)1
Notiomystis cincta (Stitchbird)2
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae (Tui)1
Trichosurus vulpecula (Common Brushtail)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Parapsyllus nestoris nestoris[5]

Distribution

Australia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Colbourne, R.; Kleinpaste, R. 1983. A banding study of North Island brown kiwis in an exotic forest. Notornis 30: 109-124 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4THE IMPORTANCE OF BIRDS AS BROWSERS, POLLINATORS AND SEED DISPERSERS IN NEW ZEALAND FORESTS, M.N. Clout and J. R. Hay, NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, VOL 12, (SUPPLEMENT) 1989, pp. 27-33 5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access