Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Sphenisciformes > Spheniscidae > Pygoscelis > Pygoscelis adeliae

Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) is a species of penguin common along the entire Antarctic coast, which is their only residence. They are among the most southerly distributed of all seabirds, along with the emperor penguin, the south polar skua, the Wilson's storm petrel, the snow petrel, and the Antarctic petrel. They are named after Adélie Land, in turn named for Adèle Dumont D'Urville, the wife of French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville who discovered these penguins in 1840.
View Wikipedia Record: Pygoscelis adeliae

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 22.0368
EDGE Score: 3.83024


Adult Weight [2]  10.69 lbs (4.85 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  124 grams
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  70 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [5]  34 days
Migration [1]  Intracontinental
Water Biome [1]  Coastal


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    


Prey / Diet

Aethotaxis mitopteryx (Threadfin pithead)[6]
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)[7]
Cyllopus lucasii[8]
Cyllopus magellanicus[7]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[9]
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)[9]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[7]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[7]
Epimeriella macronyx[7]
Epinephelus maculatus (Trout cod)[7]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[10]
Euphausia frigida[7]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[9]
Eurythenes gryllus[7]
Eusirus perdentatus[7]
Gigantocypris muelleri[7]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[7]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[7]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[7]
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)[7]
Hyperia macrocephala[8]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[11]
Notolepis coatsi (Antarctic jonasfish)[7]
Notothenia coriiceps (Black rockcod)[6]
Pagetopsis macropterus (Crocodile icefish)[7]
Pagetopsis maculatus (Crocodile icefish)[6]
Pagothenia borchgrevinki (Bald notothen)[7]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[10]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[7]
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)[7]
Protomyctophum normani (Norman's lanterrnfish)[7]
Salpa thompsoni[7]
Themisto gaudichaudii[7]
Thysanoessa macrura[7]
Trematomus bernacchii (Emerald notothen)[6]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[6]
Trematomus newnesi (Dusky notothen)[8]
Vibilia antarctica[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)1
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)9
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)1
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)3
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)2
Diomedea epomophora (Royal Albatross)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)2
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)2
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)2
Garrodia nereis (Grey-backed Storm Petrel)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)2
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)1
Hyperoodon planifrons (Southern Bottlenose Whale)1
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)3
Leucocarbo atriceps bransfieldensis (Antarctic shag)2
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)4
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)2
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)4
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)2
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Ommatophoca rossii (Ross Seal)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)1
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)1
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)2
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)3
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)1
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)1
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)3
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)2
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)2
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)3
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)3


Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)[9]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[9]
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)[7]


Parasitized by 
Austrogoniodes antarcticus[12]
Corynosoma hamanni[13]
Corynosoma pseudohamanni[13]
Parorchites zederi[13]
Tetrabothrius pauliani[13]
Tetrabothrius wrighti[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)

Range Map


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Ainley DG & Emison WB 1972. Sexual size dimorphism in Adélie penguins. Ibis 114: 267–271.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5A balanced model of the food web of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, M.H. Pinkerton, S.M. Hanchet, J. Bradford-Grieve, CCAMLR Science, Vol. 17 (2010)
6The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review, M. La Mesa, J. T. Eastman, M. Vacchi, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 321–338
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Who's Eating Who
10Diet and foraging effort of Adélie penguins in relation to pack-ice conditions in the southern Ross Sea, David G. Ainley, Peter R. Wilson, Kerry J. Barton, Grant Ballard, Nadav Nur, Brian Karl, Polar Biol (1998) 20: 311-319
11Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006)
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
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