Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Sphenisciformes > Spheniscidae > Spheniscus > Spheniscus mendiculus
 

Spheniscus mendiculus (Galapagos Penguin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Galapagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is a penguin endemic to the Galapagos Islands. It is the only penguin that lives north of the equator in the wild. It can survive due to the cool temperatures resulting from the Humboldt Current and cool waters from great depths brought up by the Cromwell Current. The Galapagos penguin is one of the banded penguins, the other species of which live mostly on the coasts of Africa and mainland South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Spheniscus mendiculus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Spheniscus mendiculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
64
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.33709
EDGE Score: 4.31344

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  4.26 lbs (1.93 kg)
Female Weight [2]  3.81 lbs (1.73 kg)
Male Weight [2]  4.71 lbs (2.14 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  23.4 %
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Emoji [3]  penguin
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela Ecuador A1, A2, A4i, A4ii
Humedales del Sur de Isabela Ecuador A1, A2, A4i, A4ii
Isla Floreana Ecuador A1, A2, A4i, A4ii  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Áreas costeras de Fernandina y del occidente de Isabela Ecuador

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru Yes

Prey / Diet

Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Williams TD (1995) The Penguins: Spheniscidae, Oxford University Press, Oxford 3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0 4Diet of the Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) in northern and southern Chile, C. Herling, B. M. Culik, J. C. Hennicke, Marine Biology (2005) 147: 13–25
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access