Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Podicipediformes > Podicipedidae > Podiceps > Podiceps cristatus
 

Podiceps cristatus (Great Crested Grebe)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus) is a member of the grebe family of water birds.
View Wikipedia Record: Podiceps cristatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
20
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.4842
EDGE Score: 2.8024

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.63 lbs (739 g)
Birth Weight [2]  39.5 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantebury-Otago tussock grasslands New Zealand Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands Denmark Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete 247883 Spain  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Dolina Baryczy 137185 Poland  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf 198183 France  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana 238416 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Markermeer & IJmeer 169287 Netherlands    
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Puszcza Biala 207024 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SPA Pommersche Bucht 495241 Germany    
SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht 774707 Germany      
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent 606421 France  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Serrà d'Espadà 161443 Spain  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zatoka Pomorska 770666 Poland    
Zatoka Pucka 154269 Poland    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
"Balykchi" Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay Azerbaijan B1i
Achit Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Airag Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Aksay Lake and surrounding desert Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Akzhar Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Angara river source Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Bafa lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Baga and Bayan Lakes Mongolia A3, A4i
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Barberspan and Leeupan South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary South Africa A4i, A4iii
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Bykovo lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
De Hoop Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dorudsan dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Ekerem: Esenguly Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii  
False Bay Park (proposed) South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Ganga Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Grassland Biosphere Reserve (proposed) South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Gulf of Salwah Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kattakurgan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Küçükçekmece basin Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Khar Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khovsgol Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khukh Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Krutali Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kurgalski Peninsula Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Kurtan Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lac Léman (partie française) France A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4
Lake Geneva: Grangettes Switzerland A4i, B1i
Lake Geneva: Rolle to Céligny Switzerland A4i, B1i
Lake Geneva: Versoix and Hermance to Geneva Switzerland A4i, B1i
Lake IJsselmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Kinneret and Kinerot Israel A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore Switzerland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Skadar Montenegro A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Travykul Russia (Central Asian) A4i
Lake Zaribar Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Man'yass lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mongol Daguur Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nordzee Belgium A4i, B1i, C3  
North-western subburbs of St.-Petersburg Russia (European) A4i, B1i
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Orog Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Peschanokoledinskaya Russia (Central Asian) A4i, A4iii
Pomeranian bay Poland C2, C3, C4  
Rietvlei Wetland Reserve South Africa A1, A4i
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Rogatoe Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ronne Banke Denmark A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C3, C4  
Saltaim-Tenis lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Saltosarayskoye lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves South Africa A1, A4i
Sangachal Bay Azerbaijan A4i, A4iii, B1i
Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Shalkar Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Southern coast of the Neva bay Russia (European) A4i, B1i
Spitskop Dam South Africa A1, A4i
Steile Bank and Mokkebank Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4  
Stekleney Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sul's'ka bay Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Syrdarya Delta Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Terenkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes Russia (Central Asian) A4i
Tuyabuguz Reservoir Uzbekistan A4i, A4iii
Tuzkan Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ubinskoye Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers Mongolia A1, A4i
Võrtsjärv Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Verlorenvlei South Africa A4i
Vyborgski Bay Russia (European) A4i, B1i
Wilderness: Sedgefield lakes complex South Africa A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Xijin Reservoir China (mainland) A4i, A4iii
Zavkhan River: Ereen Lake Mongolia A1, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)1

Predators

Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)[5]
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomum fulicae <Unverified Name>[7]
Andracantha mergi[7]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[7]
Aploparaksis filiformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Aploparaksis furcigera[7]
Avioserpens mosgovoyi <Unverified Name>[7]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[7]
Baruscapillaria podicipitis <Unverified Name>[7]
Bilharziella polonica[7]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[8]
Ciureana cryptocotyloides[7]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacotaenia megalops[7]
Colymbilepis multistriata[7]
Confluaria capillaris <Unverified Name>[7]
Confluaria capillaroides <Unverified Name>[7]
Confluaria furcifera[7]
Confluaria multistriata <Unverified Name>[7]
Confluaria podicipina[7]
Confluaria pseudofurcifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum ovale <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum podicipitis <Unverified Name>[9]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[7]
Cosmocephalus aduncus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyathocotyle teganuma <Unverified Name>[7]
Decorataria decorata <Unverified Name>[7]
Dicranotaenia coronula[7]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[7]
Dimorphocanthus furcifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Dimorphocanthus podicipina <Unverified Name>[7]
Dioecocestus asper <Unverified Name>[7]
Diorchis inflata[7]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[7]
Diploposthe laevis[7]
Diplostomum gavium <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum spathaceum[7]
Dollfusilepis hoploporus <Unverified Name>[7]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[7]
Dubininolepis capillaroides <Unverified Name>[7]
Dubininolepis furcifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Dubininolepis multistriata <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus amphibolus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus coaxatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus colymbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus dietzevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus macroovarium <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus mathevossianae <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus militaris <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus mordax[7]
Echinochasmus ruficapensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus schigini <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus spinulosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus squamatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinocotyle nitida <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma dietzi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma intermedium <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma miyagawai <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma revolutum[7]
Echinuria uncinata[7]
Episthmium colymbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucotyle popowi <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[7]
Filaria acuta <Unverified Name>[7]
Filicollis anatis[7]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[7]
Gigantobilharzia monocotylea <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis furcifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis podicipina <Unverified Name>[7]
Hypoderaeum gnedini <Unverified Name>[7]
Hyptiasmus oculeus <Unverified Name>[7]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[7]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[7]
Joyeuxilepis decacantha <Unverified Name>[7]
Liga lencoranica <Unverified Name>[7]
Ligula colymbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Ligula intestinalis[7]
Ligula monogramma <Unverified Name>[7]
Ligula pavlovskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Mesorchis denticulatus[7]
Mesorchis pseudoechinatus[7]
Mesorchis spinosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Monilifer spinulosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Neodiplostomum inaequipartitum <Unverified Name>[7]
Notocotylus attenuatus[7]
Pachytrema paniceum[7]
Paracuaria adunca <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradilepis urceus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paryphostomum radiatum[7]
Pelecitus podicipitis <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger australis <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger coronatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger megacanthum <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger neocomense <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger nitidus[7]
Petasiger pungens[7]
Petasiger skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Petasiger variospinosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Philophthalmus lucipetus[7]
Philophthalmus oschmarini <Unverified Name>[7]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[7]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[7]
Pseudomenopon dolium <Unverified Name>[9]
Retinometra macracanthos <Unverified Name>[7]
Rusguniella elongata <Unverified Name>[7]
Rusguniella wedli <Unverified Name>[7]
Ryjikovilepis dubininae <Unverified Name>[7]
Schiginella colymbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistocephalus pungitii <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistocephalus solidus[7]
Schistotaenia colymba <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistotaenia macrocirrus <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistotaenia macrorhyncha <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistotaenia scolopendra <Unverified Name>[7]
Schwartzitrema pandubi <Unverified Name>[7]
Sobolevicanthus octacantha <Unverified Name>[7]
Stephanoprora pseudoechinatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara recta <Unverified Name>[7]
Strigea falconis[7]
Syncuaria decorata <Unverified Name>[7]
Taphrogonimus holostomoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Tatria acanthorhyncha <Unverified Name>[7]
Tatria biremis[7]
Tatria decacantha[7]
Tatria minor <Unverified Name>[7]
Tatria mircia <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrabothrius macrocephalus[7]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres fissispina <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres gubanovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Transcoelum oculeus <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys clavata[7]
Tylodelphys conifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys excavata <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys gavia <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys podicipina[7]
Typhlocoelum cucumerinum[7]
Variolepis capillaroides <Unverified Name>[7]
Variolepis furcifera <Unverified Name>[7]
Variolepis podicipina <Unverified Name>[7]
Wardium cirrosa[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Universeum Science Center

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Foraging rhythm of great crested grebes Podiceps cristatus adjusted to diel variations in the vertical distribution of their prey Osmerus eperlanus in a shallow eutrophic lake in The Netherlands, T. Piersma, R. Lindeboom, and M.R. van Eerden, Oecologia (1988) 76:481-486 5Nestling diet and parental provisioning behaviour in the Marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Marcin BRZEZIŃSKI, Michał ŻMIHORSKI, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2009, Volumen 19, Numerus 2 6Biology and Diet of the White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Breeding in Northern Inland New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2008, 25, 165–193 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database 9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011