Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Diomedeidae > Phoebetria > Phoebetria fusca

Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)

Synonyms: Diomedea fusca

Wikipedia Abstract

The sooty albatross, dark-mantled sooty albatross or dark-mantled albatross, (Phoebetria fusca), is a species of bird in the albatross family. They breed on sub-Antarctic islands and range at sea across the Southern Ocean from South America to Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Phoebetria fusca

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Phoebetria fusca

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.792
EDGE Score: 4.62826


Adult Weight [1]  5.70 lbs (2.59 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  231 grams
Female Weight [1]  5.38 lbs (2.44 kg)
Male Weight [1]  6.02 lbs (2.73 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  11.9 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  90 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  1
Incubation [4]  70 days
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [6]  6.6 feet (2 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands temperate grasslands France Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Île aux Cochons French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île de l'Est French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île de la Possession French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Île des Pingouins French Southern Territories A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île Saint Paul French Southern Territories A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Îles des Apôtres French Southern Territories A1, A4ii, A4iii    
Falaises d'Entrecasteaux French Southern Territories A1, A4ii, A4iii  
Gough Island St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Inaccessible Island St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Nightingale Island group St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Prince Edward Islands Special Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Tristan da Cunha St Helena (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  

Prey / Diet

Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[7]
Architeuthis martensi <Unverified Name>[7]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[8]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[8]
Euphausia vallentini[9]
Eurythenes gryllus[8]
Filippovia knipovitchi (Smooth Hooked Squid)[9]
Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Southern blacktip lanternfish)[8]
Histioteuthis atlantica[8]
Histioteuthis eltaninae[8]
Histioteuthis miranda[8]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[9]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[8]
Magnisudis prionosa (Southern barracudina)[8]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[8]
Melanonus gracilis (Pelagic cod)[8]
Neognathophausia gigas[8]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[8]
Onykia robsoni (Rugose Hooked Squid)[8]
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)[8]
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)[8]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[8]
Taningia danae (Dana Octopus Squid)[8]
Taonius pavo[8]
Themisto gaudichaudii[10]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)1
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)2
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)2
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)1
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)2
Diomedea epomophora (Royal Albatross)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)4
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)2
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)2
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)2
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)1
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)2
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)1
Garrodia nereis (Grey-backed Storm Petrel)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)2
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)2
Hyperoodon planifrons (Southern Bottlenose Whale)2
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)2
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)2
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)2
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)2
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)2
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)2
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)1
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)1
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)2
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)2
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)4
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)2
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)3
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)2
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)4
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)2
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)1
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)1


Parasitized by 
Notiopsylla kerguelensis kerguelensis[11]
Paraclisis diomedeae[12]
Parapsyllus senellarti[11]

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Threlfall, W. and SP Mahoney. 1980. The use of measurements in sexing Common Murres from Newfoundland. Wilson Bulletin 92: 266-268
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Sooty Albatross (Phoebetria fusca), Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels -
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
6Wildlife As Canon Sees It
7CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Amphipod-based food web: Themisto gaudichaudii caught in nets and by seabirds in Kerguelen waters, southern Indian Ocean, Pierrick Bocher, Yves Cherel, Jean-Philippe Labat, Patrick Mayzaud, Suzanne Razouls, Pierre Jouventin, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 223: 261–276, 2001
11International Flea Database
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access