Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Pelecanoididae > Pelecanoides > Pelecanoides urinatrix

Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)

Synonyms: Pelecanoides urinator; Procellaria urinatrix

Wikipedia Abstract

The common diving petrel (Pelecanoides urinatrix), also known as the smaller diving-petrel or simply the diving-petrel, is a diving petrel, one of four very similar auk-like small petrels of the southern oceans. It is native to South Africa and islands of the southern Indian Ocean, islands and islets off New Zealand and south-eastern Australian islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelecanoides urinatrix


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.7652
EDGE Score: 3.12523


Adult Weight [2]  137 grams
Birth Weight [3]  21 grams
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  100 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  80 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [5]  54 days
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [2]  15 inches (.393 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Île de l'Est French Southern Territories A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Île des Pingouins French Southern Territories A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Îles des Apôtres French Southern Territories A1, A4ii, A4iii    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No

Prey / Diet

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)[6]
Calanoides acutus[6]
Calanus propinquus[6]
Calanus simillimus[7]
Drepanopus pectinatus[7]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[6]
Euphausia vallentini[8]
Halicarcinus planatus[8]
Mysidetes morbihanensis[6]
Paraeuchaeta antarctica[8]
Primno macropa[6]
Rhincalanus gigas[6]
Themisto gaudichaudii[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)2
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)2
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)3
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)2
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)1
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)2
Garrodia nereis (Grey-backed Storm Petrel)1
Gymnoscopelus bolini (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)2
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)2
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)2
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)3
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)4
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)1
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)2
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)2
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)1
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)2
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)2
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)2
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)1
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)2


Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)[6]


Parasitized by 
Austromenopon elliotti[10]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis[6]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis kerguelensis[11]
Parapsyllus cardinis[11]
Parapsyllus heardi[11]
Parapsyllus jacksoni[11]
Parapsyllus magellanicus magellanicus[11]
Pelmatocerandra setosa[10]

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000)
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Complete trophic segregation between South Georgian and common diving petrels during breeding at Iles Kerguelen, Pierrick Bocher, Yves Cherel, Keith A Hobson, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 208: 249–264, 2000
8Maximum dive depths of common diving petrels (Pelecanoides urinatrix) during the annual cycle at Mayes Island, Kerguelen, Pierrick Bocher, Bruno Labidoire and Yves Cherel, J. Zool., Lond. (2000) 251, 517-524
9Amphipod-based food web: Themisto gaudichaudii caught in nets and by seabirds in Kerguelen waters, southern Indian Ocean, Pierrick Bocher, Yves Cherel, Jean-Philippe Labat, Patrick Mayzaud, Suzanne Razouls, Pierre Jouventin, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 223: 261–276, 2001
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access