Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus > Pelecanus crispus
 

Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus) is a massive member of the pelican family. It breeds from southeastern Europe to India and China in swamps and shallow lakes. The nest is a crude heap of vegetation.No subspecies are known to exist over its wide range, but based on size differences, a Pleistocene paleosubspecies, Pelecanus crispus palaeocrispus, has been described from fossils recovered at Binagady, Azerbaijan.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelecanus crispus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
30
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
68
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.1863
EDGE Score: 4.57208

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  21.05 lbs (9.55 kg)
Diet [2]  Piscivore
Diet - Fish [2]  100 %
Forages - Underwater [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  32 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  35 years
Wing Span [3]  10.7 feet (3.25 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve 82385 Anhui, China      
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Atanasovsko ezero 17814 Bulgaria  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Balchik 3840 Bulgaria  
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Belene Islands Complex 17043 Bulgaria  
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Chernye Zemly State Nature Reserve 301224 Kalmykia, Russia
Dagestan State Nature Reserve 47101 Dagestan, Russia
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS 24359 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
Durankulak Lake 8293 Bulgaria  
DYTIKI MILOS, ANTIMILOS, POLYAIGOS KAI NISIDES 22866 Greece  
EKVOLES POTAMOU STRYMONA 3205 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Kaliakra 26893 Bulgaria  
Kalimok Complex 23307 Bulgaria  
Kamchia Complex 24897 Bulgaria  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU 27106 Greece  
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khvalynsky National Park 63046 Saratov, Russia
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Konush Reservoir 93 Bulgaria  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Kurgal'dzhinskiy Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 618861 Kazakhstan  
Lakat Island 3116 Bulgaria  
LESVOS: PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLONIS 8681 Greece  
LIMNES ChEIMADITIDA KAI ZAZARI 12833 Greece  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI AGIAS (CHANIA) 165 Greece  
LIMNI AMVRAKIA 5448 Greece  
LIMNI DOIRANI 5254 Greece  
LIMNI KAI FRAGMA AGRA 3424 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LIMNI PIKROLIMNI - XILOKERATEA 4973 Greece  
LIMNI VOULKARIA 8087 Greece  
LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS 40260 Greece    
LIMNOTHALASSA KOTYCHI - ALYKI LECHAINON 5777 Greece  
LIMNOTHALASSES STENON LEFKADAS (PALIONIS - AVLIMON) KAI ALYKES LEFKADAS 5296 Greece  
Mandra - Poda 15162 Bulgaria  
Mechka Fish-ponds 6766 Bulgaria  
Obnova 13398 Bulgaria  
Orenburg State Nature Reserve 53506 Orenburg, Russia
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir 10637 Bulgaria  
PERIOCHI ELOUS ARTZAN 4245 Greece  
Pomorie Lake 2343 Bulgaria  
Pozharevo Island 2411 Bulgaria  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Pyasachnik Reservoir 7855 Bulgaria  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Ropotamo Complex 9557 Bulgaria  
Rostov State Nature Preserve 23389 Rostov, Russia
Rozov Kladenets Reservoir 3173 Bulgaria  
Rupite 21837 Bulgaria  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
Shabla Lake Complex 7896 Bulgaria  
Sinite Kamani-Grebenets 39354 Bulgaria  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Straldzha Complex 7096 Bulgaria  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studen Kladenets 39526 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex 11569 Bulgaria  
VOREIA SYROS KAI NISIDES 7181 Greece  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yatata 357 Bulgaria  
YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI 21108 Greece  
Zaliv Chengene skele 472 Bulgaria  
Zvanichevo Fish-ponds 3881 Bulgaria  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Achikol'skiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Aggyol National Park Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Airag Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Aksehir and Eber lakes Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Aktas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Akzhar Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Altyn-Emel National Park Kazakhstan A1, A3
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Artzan marshes Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Çildir lake Turkey A1
Bafa lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Balta Albă: Amara: Jirlău Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Büyük Menderes delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bistreţ Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bogdasheni Lake Georgia A1, A4i, B1i
Bol'shoye Beloe lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Bol'shoye Topol'noye lake Russia (Central Asian) A1
Boon Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Burgasko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Burukshunskiye limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Calafat: Ciuperceni: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Central Marshes Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B1i, B3
Chardara Reservoir Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Chechen' Island and east seaside of Agrakhan peninsula Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2    
Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Chernoye Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Ciocăneşti: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Confluenţa Jiu: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Delta of the Ural River Kazakhstan A1, A4i  
Dengizkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Dez river marshes and plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Dongting Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) Romania C1, C2, C6
Durankulak Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dzheiran Ecocentre Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Emine Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Flamingo city India A1, A4iii
Futian Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gaoyou Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Om am Nyaj Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Uwainah Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hingol National Park Pakistan A1, A3, A4i
Hongjian Nur China (mainland) A1, A4i
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Iezerul Călăraşi Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ili River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Island near Gorni Tzibar Bulgaria A1, A4i, C1, C2, C3, B1i
Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Jarsay: Khangui Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Jiwani Beaches and Dasht Kaur Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kaban'i lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Kagan Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kaj Lake Pipalava Bandharo India A1, A4i
Kalamas estuary Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kamchia Complex Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C5, C6
Kamchiyska Mountain Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Kamysh-Samarskie Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kanjli Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Karakol'skiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karakyr Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Karavasta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karkheh river marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kartsakhi Lake Georgia A4i, B1i
Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta: Zhambay Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii  
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4iii
Ketteshor: Ramankol Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khanchali Lake Georgia A1, A4i, B1i
Khankhovuz Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khanskoye Lake Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Khar Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Khomiin Tal Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Khor Jask Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Khoton-Khorgon Lakes Mongolia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Khouran Straits Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Kizlyar Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Krutali Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kugurluj and Kartal lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4iii
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kurlady Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kurnikov liman Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv
Kurtan Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kus lake / Manyas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kyzylkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lakat Island Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
Lake 'Southern Agrakhan' Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Alakol Islands Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i
Lake Ayke Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Bugeac Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Chimaditis and Lake Zazaris Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Lake Doirani Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Lake Dojran Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1
Lake Dunăreni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Gălăţui Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Kastoria (Orestiada) Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Mostiştea Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Oltina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Prespa Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1
Lake Skadar Montenegro A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Taşaul Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lakes in the lower reaches of the Chu River Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Limanu: Herghelia Romania C1, C2, C6
Lower reaches of the Karatal River Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Madatapha Lake Georgia A1, A4i, B1i
Manchar Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Manychstroi area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Marmara lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Măcin: Niculiţel Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Mechka Fish-ponds Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Mekhteb reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Min Jiang Estuary China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Nargyz Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i
Narta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Nizhnekumskiye floods Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Oling area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Orog Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ostrovu Lung: Gostinu Romania C1, C2, C6
Outer Indus delta Pakistan A1, A4iii
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4
Phoosna Wetlands Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Pomorie Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Poyang Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Pozharevo Island Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Ropotamo Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Rozov Kladenets Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3
Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B1i, B2, B3
Sahil settlement: "Shelf" factory Azerbaijan A1, A4i, B1i
Saltaim-Tenis lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Saltpans of Bhavnagar India A1, A4iii
Sambhar Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Sareri Bandh India A1, A4iii
Sariska Tiger Reserve India A1
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Saryyazy Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Schuch'ye lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shalkaro-Zhetykol'ski lake system Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shaobo Hu Lake Area China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shorgel lakes/Shirvan reserve Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shoshkakol Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Southern part of Chograiski reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Srebarna Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Stekleney Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Strymon delta Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sulakskaya bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i  
Syrdarya Delta Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Taatsiin Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Temirgoiskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Teniz-Karakamys Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tere-Khol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Tortoise Islands Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Tounsor Hollow Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tundrovo lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Turali lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Turalinskaya lagoon Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Tuzkan Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tyuleni island Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Ucchali Wetland Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Uluabat lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) China (mainland) A1, A3
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Uyalyshalkar Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B3, C1, C2, C3, C5, C6
Volga Delta Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Wenzhou Wan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Yancheng Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yashma Island Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Yeiski salt-lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Zavkhan River: Ereen Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Zekry Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Zeyit: Kelif Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Zhuanghe Coast China (mainland) A1

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[5]
Belone belone (Garfish)[6]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[6]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[6]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[6]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[6]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apophallus muehlingi[7]
Armadoskrjabinia medici[7]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[7]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Bolbophorus confusus[7]
Capillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum micropapillatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum multipapillatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[7]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[7]
Dendritobilharzia loossi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus mordax[7]
Echinochasmus muraschkinzevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Haplorchis pumilio <Unverified Name>[7]
Heterophyes fraternus <Unverified Name>[7]
Ignavia renalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ligula intestinalis[7]
Metagonimus yokogawai[7]
Metorchis crassiusculus <Unverified Name>[7]
Microrchis intermedius <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradilepis scolecina[7]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[7]
Synhimantus sirry <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Colchester Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Parco Natura Viva
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Rotterdam Zoo
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Tierwelt Herberstein
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Organochlorine residues in eggs of Pelecanus crispus and its prey in wetlands of Amvrakikos Gulf, North-western Greece", T.A. Albanis, D.G. Hela, D. Hatzilakos, Chemosphere Volume 31, Issues 11–12, December 1995, Pages 4341–4349
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Ramsar Sites Information Service
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access