Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Pelecanidae > Pelecanus > Pelecanus onocrotalus
 

Pelecanus onocrotalus (Great White Pelican)

Wikipedia Abstract

The great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican is a bird in the pelican family. It breeds from southeastern Europe through Asia and in Africa in swamps and shallow lakes.
View Wikipedia Record: Pelecanus onocrotalus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
31
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
45
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.4739
EDGE Score: 3.19761

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  20.99 lbs (9.52 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  180 grams
Female Weight [2]  16.73 lbs (7.59 kg)
Male Weight [2]  25.24 lbs (11.45 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  50.9 %
Diet [4]  Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  100 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [1]  32 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  51 years
Speed [7]  34.90 MPH (15.6 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [7]  9.5 feet (2.91 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Adata-Tundzha 13928 Bulgaria  
Altopiano di Bainale 4552 Italy  
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Atanasovsko ezero 17814 Bulgaria  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Balchik 3840 Bulgaria  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Belite Skali 10077 Bulgaria  
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella 11085 Italy  
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Chernye Zemly State Nature Reserve 301224 Kalmykia, Russia
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS 24359 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
Daan Viljoen Game Park II 9924 Namibia  
Dagestan State Nature Reserve 47101 Dagestan, Russia
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Durankulak Lake 8293 Bulgaria  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona 6593 Italy  
Galata 20106 Bulgaria  
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU 27106 Greece  
Kaliakra 26893 Bulgaria  
Kalimok Complex 23307 Bulgaria  
Kamchia Complex 24897 Bulgaria  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LIMNES ChEIMADITIDA KAI ZAZARI 12833 Greece  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KAI FRAGMA AGRA 3424 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Mandra - Poda 15162 Bulgaria  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Nieszawska Dolina Wisly 9617 Poland  
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir 10637 Bulgaria  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
PERIOCHI ELOUS ARTZAN 4245 Greece  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Pyasachnik Reservoir 7855 Bulgaria  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Ropotamo Complex 9557 Bulgaria  
Rostov State Nature Preserve 23389 Rostov, Russia
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Rupite 21837 Bulgaria  
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shabla Lake Complex 7896 Bulgaria  
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Sinite Kamani-Grebenets 39354 Bulgaria  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Straldzha Complex 7096 Bulgaria  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
VOREIA SYROS KAI NISIDES 7181 Greece  
Valli di Argenta 7178 Italy  
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex 11569 Bulgaria  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Western Strandzha 132984 Bulgaria  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
YGROTOPOS SCHINIA 5138 Greece  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Ab-i-Istada Afghanistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Aftout es Sâheli Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Aksehir and Eber lakes Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Aktas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Akzhar Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Burgasko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Carmel coast Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2  
Central Marshes Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Diawling National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Djoudj wetlands Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Dzheiran Ecocentre Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Etosha National Park Namibia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Hefer valley Israel A4i, B1i
Iezerul Călăraşi Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ili River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Judean foothills Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kafue flats Zambia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kalissaye Avifaunal Reserve Senegal A4i
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kocaçay delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Kus lake / Manyas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kytaj lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lac Débo: Lac Oualado Débo Mali A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Brateş Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Bugeac Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Dunăreni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Elmenteita Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Eyasi Tanzania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Manyara National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Mostiştea Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Nakuru National Park Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Nasser Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Ngami Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Lake Oltina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Rukwa Tanzania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Siutghiol Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake St Lucia and Mkuze swamps South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Taşaul Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Makgadikgadi Pans Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Măcin: Niculiţel Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Mweru Wantipa National Park Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Nargyz Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Prut river flood-plain: Vlădeşti: Frumuşiţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
River Danube Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Saman Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sangachal Bay Azerbaijan A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sasyk lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sauj Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Séri Mali A1, A4i, A4iii
Seyfe lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains Israel A1, A3, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Talimarzhan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tana River Delta Kenya A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Teniz-Karakamys Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Waza National Park Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Zholdyrbas Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

Romania

Prey / Diet

Aphanius dispar (Killifish)[8]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[8]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[9]
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique mouth-breeder)[9]
Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apophallus muehlingi[10]
Armadoskrjabinia medici[10]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[10]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[10]
Bolbophorus confusus[10]
Capillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum micropapillatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[10]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dendritobilharzia loossi <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinochasmus mordax[10]
Echinoparyphium macrovitellatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Haplorchis pumilio <Unverified Name>[10]
Heterophyes fraternus <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis magniuncinata <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis medici <Unverified Name>[10]
Hysteromorpha triloba[10]
Ligula intestinalis[10]
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[10]
Mesostephanus microbursa <Unverified Name>[10]
Metagonimus yokogawai[10]
Metorchis crassiusculus <Unverified Name>[10]
Microrchis intermedius <Unverified Name>[10]
Orchipedum centorchis <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Stamparia macedoniense <Unverified Name>[10]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[10]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Bellewaerde Park
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
City of Belfast Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenrijk Europa
Dubai Municipal Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fota Wildlife Park
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Honolulu Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Jászberény Zool.& Botanical Garden
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kamogawa Sea World
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
L'Oceanografic
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Longleat Safari Park
Lucknow Zoological Park
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Sedgwick County Zoo
Sepahijala Zoological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tygerberg Zoopark
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Johnsgard, PA 1993. Cormorants, Darters, and Pelicans of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access