Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Sulidae > Sula > Sula leucogaster
 

Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The brown booby (Sula leucogaster) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae. They present sexual dimorphism. The female booby reaches about 80 centimetres (31 in) in length, its wingspan measures up to 150 cm (4.9 ft), and they can weigh up to 1,300 g (2.9 lb). The male booby reaches about 75 centimetres (30 in) in length, its wingspan measures up to 140 cm (4.6 ft), and they can weigh up to 1,000 g (2.2 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Sula leucogaster

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
16
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.554
EDGE Score: 2.60668

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.50 lbs (1.13 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  53 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Breeding Habitat [2]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine, Pelagic
Wintering Geography [2]  Tropical Coasts
Wintering Habitat [2]  Coastal marine, Pelagic
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  30 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [1]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  500,000
Incubation [1]  41 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Speed [5]  21.12 MPH (9.44 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  4.9 feet (1.5 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Ascension scrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Clipperton Island shrub and grasslands France Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Cocos Island moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Fernando de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abrolhos Marine National Park 225607 Bahia, Brazil      
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Ashmore Reef Commonwealth Marine Reserve 144062 Australia      
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cayos Utila Wildlife Refuge Marine National Park   Honduras      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Farasan Islands Special Nature Reserve 177805 Saudi Arabia      
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge 15 Virgin Islands, United States
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Khawr Salalah Reserve IV 3091 Oman  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Little Tobago Island Wildlife Sanctuary Game Sanctuary 14857 Trinidad and Tobago    
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
National Park of American Samoa II   American Samoa, United States    
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge IV 507 Virgin Islands, United States  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Tarutao National Park Marine National Park II 312077 Thailand  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Adele Island Australia A4i, A4ii    
All Awash Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Arquipélago dos Alcatrazes Brazil A4i  
Île Walpole New Caledonia (to France) A2, A4ii    
Îlets les Petits Saints et Gros Islets St Barthelemy (to France) A4i, B4ii    
Battowia Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, A4ii, B4ii  
Booby Cay Bahamas B4ii  
Booby Cay Island Nicaragua A4ii
Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay Bahamas A1, B4i, B4ii  
Cay Verde Bahamas B4ii    
Christmas Island Christmas Island (to Australia) A1, A4ii, A4iii  
Culebra Puerto Rico (to USA) A4i, A4iii, B4i, B4ii  
Danjo islands Japan A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii    
Dog Island Anguilla (to UK) A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B4i, B4ii  
Farasan Islands Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3    
Graham's Harbour Bahamas B4i, B4ii    
Ile Alcatraz et Ile du Naufrage Guinea A4i, A4ii
Isla La Blanquilla Venezuela A1, A4i, A4ii    
Jaza'ir al-Hanish Yemen B1ii, B2, B3  
Jaza'ir al-Zubayr Yemen A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3  
L'llet Dominica A4i, B4ii
Little Tobago Island Trinidad and Tobago A3, A4i, A4ii, B4i, B4ii  
Mira Por Vos Bahamas B4ii  
Mona and Monito Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, B4ii  
North-west Cays Virgin Islands (to USA) A4ii, B4i, B4ii  
Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona Colombia A4i, A4ii    
Pedro Cays and Bank Jamaica A4i, A4ii, B4i    
Petit Canouan St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, A4iii, B4i, B4ii  
Petite Islette St Barthelemy (to France) B4ii    
Point Des Foux Dominica A2, A4i, B4i, B4ii
Prickly Pear (East and West) Anguilla (to UK) A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Pulau Manuk Indonesia A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Récifs d'Entrecasteaux New Caledonia (to France) A4ii    
Redonda Antigua and Barbuda B4ii  
Rocher du Diamant Martinique (to France) A4i, B4i, B4ii
Sandy Point Bahamas A2, B4i, B4ii    
Senkaku islands Japan A1, A4i, A4ii    
Sombrero Anguilla (to UK) A4i, B4i, B4ii    
St Giles Islands Trinidad and Tobago A4i, A4ii, B4ii  
Tinhosas islands São Tomé Principe A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park Philippines A1, A4i, A4ii    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
New Caledonia New Caledonia No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Amblygaster sirm (Spotted sardinella)[6]
Benthodesmus simonyi (cutlassfish)[6]
Centrolophus niger (Rudderfish)[6]
Cetengraulis mysticetus (Pacific anchoveta)[5]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Etrumeus acuminatus (Atlantic red herring)[5]
Euleptorhamphus viridis (Flying halfbeak)[6]
Exocoetus volitans (Blue flying fish)[6]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[5]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[6]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[5]
Spratelloides delicatulus (White bait)[6]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[6]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[6]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arripis trutta (Salmon trout)1
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)1
Bothus lunatus (Solefish)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Istiompax indica (Marlin)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)1
Larus schistisagus (Slaty-backed Gull)1
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)1
Myotis vivesi (fish-eating bat)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)1
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)1
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)1
Scomberomorus maculatus (Spanish mackerel)1
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)1
Spheniscus mendiculus (Galapagos Penguin)1
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)1
Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark)1
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)3
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus tonggol (Oriental bonito)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Drepanocephalus spathans[7]
Eidmanniella albescens[8]
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[7]
Mesostephanus fajardensis[7]
Opisthometra planicollis[7]
Paryphostomum parvicephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Pectinopygus annulatus[8]
Pectinopygus garbei[8]
Pectinopygus sulae[8]
Seuratia shipleyi <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetracladium elongatum[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Species- and sex-specific differences in foraging behaviour and foraging zones in blue-footed and brown boobies in the Gulf of California, Henri Weimerskirch, Scott A. Shaffer, Yann Tremblay, Daniel P. Costa, Hélène Gadenne, Akiko Kato, Yan Ropert-Coudert, Katsufumi Sato, David Aurioles, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 391: 267–278, 2009
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access