Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Sulidae > Sula > Sula sula
 

Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-footed booby (Sula sula) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae. As suggested by the name, adults always have red feet, but the colour of the plumage varies. They are powerful and agile fliers, but they are clumsy in takeoffs and landings. They are found widely in the tropics, and breed colonially in coastal regions, especially islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Sula sula

Infraspecies

Sula sula rubripes (Hawaiian red-footed booby) (Attributes)
Sula sula sula (Red-footed booby)
Sula sula websteri

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
20
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
39
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.983
EDGE Score: 2.83221

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.24 lbs (1.02 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  40 grams
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Breeding Habitat [3]  Oceanic islands, Pelagic
Wintering Geography [3]  Tropical Oceans
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Pelagic
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  50 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  1
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  1,400,000
Incubation [2]  44 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal
Wing Span [5]  38 inches (.96 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Ascension scrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Christmas and Cocos Islands tropical forests Australia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Clipperton Island shrub and grasslands France Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Fernando de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trindade-Martin Vaz Islands tropical forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aldabra Special Reserve 86487 Seychelles    
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Cisne Marine National Park II   Honduras      
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
National Park of American Samoa II   American Samoa, United States    
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Aldabra atoll Seychelles A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Îles des récifs Bampton et Chesterfield New Caledonia (to France) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Barton Point Nature Reserve, Diego Garcia British Indian Ocean Territory A4ii, A4iii  
Battowia Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, A4ii, B4ii  
Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands Belize A1, A2, A4i, A4ii
Booby Pond Nature Reserve Cayman Islands (to UK) A1, A2, A4ii, B4ii    
Christmas Island Christmas Island (to Australia) A1, A4ii, A4iii  
Cosmoledo atoll Seychelles A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Danger Island, Chagos Bank British Indian Ocean Territory A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Europa French Southern Territories A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Little Tobago Island Trinidad and Tobago A3, A4i, A4ii, B4i, B4ii  
Mona and Monito Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, B4ii  
Navassa United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) A1, A4ii    
North Keeling Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Pulau Manuk Indonesia A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Récifs d'Entrecasteaux New Caledonia (to France) A4ii    
Redonda Antigua and Barbuda B4ii  
St Giles Islands Trinidad and Tobago A4i, A4ii, B4ii  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Caesio caerulaurea (Scissor-tailed fusilier)[6]
Cheilopogon furcatus (Spotfin flyingfish)[6]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[6]
Coryphaena equiselis (Small dolphin)[7]
Decapterus macrosoma (blue mackerel scad)[7]
Decapterus tabl (Scad)[7]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Euleptorhamphus viridis (Flying halfbeak)[7]
Exocoetus volitans (Blue flying fish)[7]
Gempylus serpens (Snack mackerel)[7]
Gonorynchus gonorynchus (Beaked salmon)[7]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[7]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Ommastrephes bartramii (red flying squid)[7]
Oxyporhamphus micropterus (smallwing flyingfish)[7]
Parexocoetus brachypterus (Two-winged flying-fish)[7]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[6]
Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (purpleback squid)[7]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[6]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[6]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)3
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)5
Fregata minor (Great Frigatebird)1
Kajikia albida (Marlin)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)2
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)1
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)3
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phaethon rubricauda (Red-tailed Tropicbird)3
Phoebastria nigripes (Black-footed Albatross)1
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Pterodroma heraldica (Herald Petrel)1
Pterodroma neglecta (Kermadec Petrel)1
Pterodroma phaeopygia (Galapagos Petrel)1
Pterodroma ultima (Murphy's Petrel)1
Puffinus newelli (Newell's Shearwater)1
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)1
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)1
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)3
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)2
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)4
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)3

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pectinopygus sulae[8]

Range Map

Aldabra Special Reserve; Cape Peninsula National Park; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7FEEDING ECOLOGY OF TWO SUBTROPICAL SEABIRD SPECIES AT FRENCH FRIGATE SHOALS. HAWAII, Michael P. Seki and Craig S. Harrison, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE. 45(1): 52-67, 1989
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access