Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Phalacrocoracidae > Phalacrocorax > Phalacrocorax carbo
 

Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), known as the great black cormorant across the Northern Hemisphere, the black cormorant in Australia, the large cormorant in India and the black shag further south in New Zealand, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds. It breeds in much of the Old World and the Atlantic coast of North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalacrocorax carbo

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.03769
EDGE Score: 2.2014

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  8.00 lbs (3.63 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  49 grams
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  4 years
Clutch Size [3]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years
Speed [4]  34.00 MPH (15.2 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [4]  4.6 feet (1.4 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands Denmark Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Solomon Islands rain forests Solomon Islands Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete 247883 Spain  
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Bassigny 194044 France  
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chausey 203679 France  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf 198183 France  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA 193184 Spain  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Markermeer & IJmeer 169287 Netherlands    
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noordzeekustzone 305536 Netherlands    
Ouessant-Molène 190983 France  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SPA Pommersche Bucht 495241 Germany    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent 606421 France  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Serrà d'Espadà 161443 Spain  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
"Balykchi" Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Abbas-abad dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Abberton Reservoir United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Abu Ali Saudi Arabia A4i, B1i, B3  
Aftout es Sâheli Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Aksu River basin China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Akzhar Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Albufera de Valencia marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Amudarya floodlands near Termez Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Aogu Wetlands Taiwan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ayeyarwaddy River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Île Brion Canada A4i, A4ii  
Île du Lac Canada A4i
Île Shag Canada A4i  
Îles Sainte-Marie Canada A4iii
Ørland wetland system Norway A4i, B1i, B2  
Bachu Oasis China (mainland) A4i, A4iii
Bafa lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Barr al Hikman Oman A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Basque Islands and Michaud Point Canada A4i
Basse Vallée de la Durance France B1i, C3, C6
Bay of Lommabukten Sweden A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Bay of Skälderviken Sweden A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B1iv, B2, B3, C3, C4, C5, C6
Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Büyük Menderes delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Berdyans'ka peninsula Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bibane Tunisia A4i, A4iii
Bird Islands Canada A4i
Bistreţ Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blahniţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Bol'shoye Beloe lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Boon Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Bosphorus Turkey A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B1iv  
Bosten Lake China (mainland) A4i, A4iii
Boughrara Tunisia A4i, A4iii  
Breidafjördur Iceland A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Buhuşu reservoir: Bacău: Tătărăşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Burgasko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Burqin River and Kanas Lake China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Campo Arañuelo-Valdecañas reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Cap Fagnet France C7  
Cape Martiyan Ukraine B1i
Cádiz bay Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cíes islands Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Central Black Sea Coast Turkey A4iv, B1i, B2  
Chechen' Island and east seaside of Agrakhan peninsula Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2    
Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Chimkurgan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Dannskí¤r-í–rskí¤r islands Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Danube bend Hungary A4i, B1i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
De Wieden Netherlands B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Delta of the Ural River Kazakhstan A1, A4i  
Deryatakyr Turkmenistan A4i
Divari Pilou lagoon (Gialova) Greece A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Dnipro delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dnister delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dolgy Reef and Bol'shoi Fiskar archipelagos Russia (European) B1i, B2, B3  
Donji Miholjac fish-ponds Croatia A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Drini Delta Albania A1, A4i, B1i
Dzheiran Ecocentre Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Dzhulukul' depression Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ekerem: Esenguly Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii  
El Malaha Egypt A4i, A4iii  
Epanomi lagoon Greece B1i, B2, C2, C3
Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques France B1i, C3
Etang de Biguglia France A4iii, B1i, C3, C4  
Etang de Thau France A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos France A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Falaise aux Goélands and pointe de l’Est Canada A4i, A4iii  
Fengshan Reservoir Taiwan A4i
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Firth of Forth Islands United Kingdom A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C
Froan Norway A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3  
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Gorni Dabnik-Telish Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Gourine Tunisia A4i, A4iii  
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gräsö archipelago Sweden A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Gruia: Gârla Mare Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hefer valley Israel A4i, B1i
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Horsens Fjord, Svanegrunden & Endelave Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Hotan Oasis China (mainland) A1, A2, A3, A4i
Hovvig Denmark A4i, B1i, C3  
Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C2, C3, C4
Ilfov reservoir Romania C1, C2, C3, C4
Ili River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Inner Tokyo bay Japan A4i, A4iii
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Irbe strait Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Island near Gorni Tzibar Bulgaria A1, A4i, C1, C2, C3, B1i
Jelas field including fishponds and wet pastures along Sava RIver Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jiwani Beaches and Dasht Kaur Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village) Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kalamas estuary Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kaoping River Taiwan A1, A4i
Karakyr Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Karavasta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karkamis Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karnabchul Steppe Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kattakurgan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta: Zhambay Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii  
Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Küçükçekmece basin Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Kerkennah islands Tunisia A3, A4i
Khankhovuz Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khanskoye Lake Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Khar Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khukh Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Kinburns'kyj peninsula Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2
Kinmen National Park Taiwan A1, A4i
Kis-Sárrét Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Kongsøy Norway A4iii, B1i, B3  
Kopetdagkhovudan Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Koycegiz lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Kus lake / Manyas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Lagoons of Kerkyra Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3
Lake 'Southern Agrakhan' Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Alakol Islands Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i
Lake Amvrakia Greece B1i, C2, C3
Lake Bardawil Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Geneva: Grangettes Switzerland A4i, B1i
Lake IJsselmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kinneret and Kinerot Israel A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Manzala Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Mikri Prespa and Lake Megali Prespa Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Pamvotida (Ioanninon) Greece A1, B1i, C1, C3
Lake Shkodra (Lake Scadar) Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Trasimeno Italy A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Lake Tunis (Lake Radès) Tunisia A4i
Lake Victoria: Bumbire Islands Tanzania A4i, A4iii
Lakes Montepulciano and Chiusi Italy B1i, B2, C3, C6
Lepelaarplassen Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lille Vildmose Denmark A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit Lithuania A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv
Litorale Romano Italy B1i, B2, C3, C6
Lower reaches of Tarim River China (mainland) A1, A2, A3, A4i
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Luitemaa Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lutoboka point (Ssese islands) Uganda A4i
Maly Zhemchuzhny island Russia (European) A4i, B1i, B2    
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Maribo lakes Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Maritsa-Plovdiv Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3
Markit-Yarkant Oasis China (mainland) A1, A2, A3, A4i
Masinga reservoir Kenya A4i, A4iii
Mechka Fish-ponds Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Mergen Turkmenistan A3, A4i, A4iii
Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mochrum and Castle Lochs United Kingdom B1i, C3
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Monde Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i
Mongol Daguur Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Morava Slovakia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Moyenne Vallée de la Durance France A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Naardermeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Nærå Coast and Æbelø area Denmark A4i, B1i, C3
Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian (Courish) Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Nissum Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Northern Head and South Head Canada A4i  
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Obytichna peninsula Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Olt valley Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Omgangsstauran Norway A4i, A4iii, B1i
Oostvaardersplassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4
Palmas Gulf wetlands Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Parches-Somova wetland Romania A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Poilovlje with Koncanica, Garesnica and Poljana fishponds Croatia A1, B1i, B2
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pozharevo Island Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
Puck Bay Poland C3, C4  
Qiemo Oasis and Qarqan River China (mainland) A2, A3, A4i
Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor) China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Ringkøbing Fjord Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Drava Slovenia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
River Mincio and Bosco Fontana Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Rosarito and Navalcán reservoirs-La Iglesuela (Tietar valley) Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Rozov Kladenets Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3
Rubondo Island National Park Tanzania A3, A4i
Sado estuary Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sakarya Delta Turkey A4i, B1i  
Sangachal Bay Azerbaijan A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sanjiang Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Senné Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Shahdidi spit Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Sheep Island United Kingdom C7
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Slnava Slovakia A4iii, B1i
Smålandsfarvandet Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Stavnsfjord and adjacent waters Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
Steile Bank and Mokkebank Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4  
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Taman' Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tarut Bay Saudi Arabia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3    
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tere-Khol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Terkos basin Turkey A1, B1i
The Capes Canada A4i  
The Chapories of Lohit Reserve India A1, A2, A4i
The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i    
Ticino river Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Tolbo Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tortoise Islands Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay United Kingdom B1i, C3  
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tundrovo lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Tuyabuguz Reservoir Uzbekistan A4i, A4iii
Tuzkan Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tyuleni island Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Unoyama Japan A4i
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde France A4i, B1i, B1iv, C3, C5, C6
Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais France B1i, C3, C6
Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon Italy B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vardim Island Bulgaria B1i, B2, C3, C6
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B3, C1, C2, C3, C5, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vedea: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vistula Lagoon Poland C1, C3, C4, C6  
Voornes Duin Netherlands B1i, B2, C2, C3
Wadden Sea Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Xayar forest and wetland China (mainland) A1, A2, A3, A4i
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yedikir reservoir Turkey A4i, B1i
Yeiski salt-lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Zaranik Protected Area Egypt A1, A4i  
Zavkhan River: Ereen Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Zemplí­nska Sí­rava Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i
Zholdyrbas Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Amietia angolensis (Common River Frog)[5]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[6]
Clupeonella cultriventris (Azovtyulka)[7]
Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (South Australian catfish)[8]
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)[6]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[6]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[9]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[6]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[6]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[6]
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)[6]
Xenopus laevis (African Clawed Frog)[5]
Zoarces viviparus (viviporous blenny)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)2
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia (Herald Snake, Red-lipped Snake)1
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)1
Hydrictis maculicollis (Spotted-necked Otter)1
Hydrobates pelagicus (European Storm-Petrel)1
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)1
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)1
Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned Night-Heron)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)2
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)4
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Threskiornis aethiopicus (Sacred Ibis)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)3
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1

Predators

Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[10]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amirthalingamia macracantha <Unverified Name>[11]
Andracantha phalacrocoracis[11]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[11]
Aploparaksis fukienensis <Unverified Name>[11]
Apophallus muehlingi[11]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[11]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[11]
Baruscapillaria rudolphii <Unverified Name>[11]
Capillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[11]
Capillaria jaenschi <Unverified Name>[12]
Centrocestus armatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[13]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus[13]
Cercarioides aharonii[11]
Ciureana cryptocotyloides[11]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum carlislei <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum jokli <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum lawrencei <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum micropapillatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum rodhaini <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum septentrionale <Unverified Name>[11]
Contracaecum sinulabiatum <Unverified Name>[12]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[11]
Contracaecum tricuspis <Unverified Name>[11]
Corynosoma strumosum[11]
Cosmocephalus jaenschi[12]
Cotylurus erraticus[11]
Cotylurus pileatus[11]
Cryptocotyle concava[11]
Cryptocotyle lingua[11]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[11]
Cyathostoma microspiculum <Unverified Name>[11]
Desmidocercella incognita <Unverified Name>[11]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[11]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[11]
Diplostomum ghanense <Unverified Name>[11]
Diplostomum spathaceum[11]
Diplostomum tregenna <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinochasmus bursicola <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinochasmus coaxatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinochasmus mordax[11]
Echinochasmus muraschkinzevi <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinoparyphium macrovitellatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinoparyphium phalacrocoracis <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinorhynchotaenia tritesticulata <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinorhynchus hystrix <Unverified Name>[11]
Echinostoma revolutum[11]
Echinuria squamata <Unverified Name>[12]
Eidmanniella pellucida <Unverified Name>[12]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[11]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[11]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[11]
Eustrongylides phalacrocoracis <Unverified Name>[12]
Galactosomum lacteum[11]
Galactosomum phalacrocoracis[11]
Galactosomum puffini <Unverified Name>[11]
Harvadia sandgroundi <Unverified Name>[11]
Heterophyes aequalis[11]
Holostephanus dubinini[11]
Hymenolepis cormoranti <Unverified Name>[11]
Hymenolepis villosae <Unverified Name>[11]
Hysteromorpha triloba[11]
Ligula intestinalis[11]
Ligula monogramma <Unverified Name>[11]
Ligula pavlovskii <Unverified Name>[11]
Maritrema subdolum[11]
Mesorchis pseudoechinatus[11]
Metagonimus yokogawai[11]
Metorchis xanthostomus[11]
Microrchis intermedius <Unverified Name>[11]
Neoharvardia shigini <Unverified Name>[11]
Neutraclinostomum intermedialis <Unverified Name>[11]
Paradilepis delachauxi <Unverified Name>[11]
Paradilepis scolecina[11]
Parapsyllus longicornis[13]
Paryphostomum carbonis <Unverified Name>[11]
Paryphostomum lobulatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Paryphostomum mukhtarensis <Unverified Name>[11]
Paryphostomum radiatum[11]
Paryphostomum skrjabini <Unverified Name>[11]
Paryphostomum srivastavi <Unverified Name>[11]
Paryphostomum testitrifolium <Unverified Name>[11]
Pectinopygus gyricornis[12]
Petasiger baschkirovi <Unverified Name>[11]
Petasiger exaeretus[11]
Petasiger hospitale[11]
Petasiger neocomense <Unverified Name>[11]
Petasiger phalacrocoracis[11]
Pharyngostomum cordatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[11]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[11]
Schistocephalus solidus[11]
Schwartzitrema pandubi <Unverified Name>[11]
Skrjabinocara skrjabini <Unverified Name>[11]
Skrjabinocara squamata <Unverified Name>[11]
Southwellina hispida[11]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[13]
Spirocamallanus murrayensis[12]
Strigea anhingae <Unverified Name>[11]
Syncuaria squamata <Unverified Name>[11]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[11]
Trichosoma carbonis <Unverified Name>[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Australia Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
 sinensis
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Colchester Zoo
Dierenrijk Europa
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)sinensis
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Healesville Sanctuary
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
 sinensis
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zooparksinensis
Kyiv Zoological Park
L'Oceanografic
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzsinensis
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 sinensis
Moscow Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohamahanedae
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ouwehand Zoo
 sinensis
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoosinensis
Rostock Zoologischer Gartensinensis
Rotterdam Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Taipei Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardenssinensis
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Turtle Back Zoocarbo
 hanedae
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wilhelma Zoo
 sinensis
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)sinensis
Zoo de Pont-Scorffsinensis
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzensinensis
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America; Oceania; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 6Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004 7CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150 8Comparisons Between the Diets of Distant Taxa (Teleost and Cormorant) in an Australian Estuary, PAUL HUMPHRIES, GLENN A. HYNDES, IAN C. POTTER, Estuaries Vol. 15, No. 3. p. 327-334 September 1992 9The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002 10The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006 11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access