Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Fregatidae > Fregata > Fregata magnificens
 

Fregata magnificens (Magnificent Frigatebird)

Synonyms: Fregata magnificens magnificens; Fregata magnificens rothschildi
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) was sometimes previously known as Man O'War or Man of War, reflecting its rakish lines, speed, and aerial piracy of other birds. It is widespread in the tropical Atlantic, breeding colonially in trees in Florida, the Caribbean and Cape Verde Islands. It also breeds along the Pacific coast of the Americas from Mexico to Ecuador including the Galápagos Islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Fregata magnificens

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
25
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
42
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.4215
EDGE Score: 3.01659

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  3.49 lbs (1.58 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  88 grams
Female Weight [2]  3.76 lbs (1.70 kg)
Male Weight [2]  3.23 lbs (1.47 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  16.3 %
Female Maturity [4]  5 years
Male Maturity [4]  5 years
Clutch Size [4]  1
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [4]  56 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  34 years
Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia moist forests Colombia, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Fernando de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Île-à-Vache   Haiti  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge 15 Virgin Islands, United States
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge IV 507 Virgin Islands, United States  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
All Awash Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Arquipélago dos Alcatrazes Brazil A4i  
Battowia Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, A4ii, B4ii  
Black River Great Morass Jamaica A1, A2, A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Bluefields Bay and adjacent landscape Nicaragua A1, A2
Booby Cay Island Nicaragua A4ii
Booby Pond Nature Reserve Cayman Islands (to UK) A1, A2, A4ii, B4ii    
Cay Verde Bahamas B4ii    
Codrington Lagoon and the Creek Antigua and Barbuda A1, A2, A4i, A4ii  
Connétable French Guiana A4i, A4iii  
Del Este National Park Dominican Republic A1, A2, B4ii
Dog Island Anguilla (to UK) A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B4i, B4ii  
Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila Cuba A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Great Tobago Virgin Islands (to UK) A2, A4ii, B4i  
Guana Cays Bahamas A4i, B4i, B4ii
Ilhas dos Currais Brazil A4ii
Isla de la Plata Ecuador A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Isla Santa Clara Ecuador A4i, A4ii, A4iii
L'llet Dominica A4i, B4ii
Mona and Monito Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, B4ii  
Navassa United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) A1, A4ii    
North Atlantic Abaco Cays Bahamas A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona Colombia A4i, A4ii    
Pedro Cays and Bank Jamaica A4i, A4ii, B4i    
Petit Canouan St Vincent and the Grenadines A4i, A4iii, B4i, B4ii  
Pointe Pain de Sucre Martinique (to France) A4i, B4ii  
Portland Ridge and Bight Jamaica A1, A2, A4i, B4i, B4ii
Redonda Antigua and Barbuda B4ii  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Isla Corazón e Isla Fragata Ecuador A4i, A4ii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Antigua And Barbuda
Kiribati

Prey / Diet

Diplectrum pacificum (Inshore sand perch)[5]
Polydactylus opercularis (Yellow bobo)[5]
Porichthys notatus (Midshipman)[5]
Prionotus stephanophrys (Blackfin gurnard)[5]
Synodus scituliceps (Lance lizardfish)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[6]
Galactosomum cochleariforme <Unverified Name>[6]
Galactosomum fregate <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthoskrjabinia ginesi <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetrabothrius sulcatus <Unverified Name>[6]

Range Map

Link to Map
Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Diamond, AW and EA Schreiber. 2002. In A. Poole and F. Gill [eds.]. Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens). The birds of North America, No 601 The Birds of North America, Inc, Philadelphia, PA 3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5The Diet of the Magnificent Frigatebird during Chick Rearing, Itzia Calixto-Albarrán and José-Luis Osorno, The Condor Vol. 102, No. 3 (Aug., 2000), pp. 569-576 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access