Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Ardeidae > Ardea > Ardea herodias
 

Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) is a large wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, common near the shores of open water and in wetlands over most of North America and Central America as well as the Caribbean and the Galápagos Islands. It is a rare vagrant to Europe, with records from Spain, the Azores, England and the Netherlands. An all-white population found only in the Caribbean and southern Florida was once treated as a separate species and known as the Great White Heron.
View Wikipedia Record: Ardea herodias

Infraspecies

Ardea herodias cognata
Ardea herodias fannini (Northwest coast heron)
Ardea herodias herodias (Great blue heron)
Ardea herodias occidentalis (Great white heron)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.40902
EDGE Score: 2.0027

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  5.06 lbs (2.30 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  50 grams
Female Weight [2]  4.65 lbs (2.11 kg)
Male Weight [2]  5.47 lbs (2.48 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  17.5 %
Female Maturity [3]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [3]  1 year 10 months
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [3]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  25 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve 864738 British Columbia, Canada  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Río Kruta Biological Reserve 123553 Honduras  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Belize Coastal and near shore islands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i
Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands Belize A1, A2, A4i, A4ii
Crooked Tree and associated wetlands Belize A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Northeastern Belize Belize A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[5]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[5]
Atherinops affinis (Topsmelt silverside)[6]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[5]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[5]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[5]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[5]
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)[5]
Fundulus parvipinnis (California killifish)[6]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[5]
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)[5]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[5]
Lampsilis radiata (eastern lampmussel)[5]
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)[7]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[5]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[5]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[5]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[5]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[5]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[5]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[5]
Platichthys stellatus (Starry flounder)[7]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[5]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[5]
Rana aurora (Northern Red-legged Frog)[8]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[5]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[5]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[9]
Xenopus laevis (African Clawed Frog)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)1
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)2
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)3
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)1
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)2
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)8
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)2
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)4
Ardea alba (Great Egret)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)7
Butorides virescens (Green Heron)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)15
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)4
Cottus carolinae (Banded sculpin)1
Crotalus cerberus (viridis)1
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)2
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)5
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)1
Egretta thula (Snowy Egret)2
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)1
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)1
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Gillichthys mirabilis (Longjaw mudsucker)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)2
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)2
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)5
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)1
Lampropeltis triangulum (Scarlet kingsnake)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)7
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)6
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)1
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)1
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)14
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)5
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)2
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)1
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)1
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)8
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)1
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)4
Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned Night-Heron)3
Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)2
Paralabrax maculatofasciatus (Spotted sand bass)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)10
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)1
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)4
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crawfish)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)6
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)3
Strix varia (Barred Owl)7
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)1
Thamnodynastes strigatus (Coastal House Snake)1
Thamnophis hammondii (Two-striped Garter Snake)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)4
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis (Eastern gartersnake)1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)2
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2

Predators

Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[5]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[5]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[5]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[5]
Salix nigra (black willow)[5]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[5]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria multispinosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[10]
Apharyngostrigea simplex <Unverified Name>[10]
Arhythmorhynchus brevis[10]
Ascocotyle gemina <Unverified Name>[10]
Ascocotyle tenuicollis[10]
Avioserpens nana <Unverified Name>[10]
Baruscapillaria herodiae <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria herodiae <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[10]
Cardiofilaria pavlovskyi <Unverified Name>[10]
Chandleronema longigutturata <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum heluans <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum marginatum[10]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum multipapillatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Dendrouterina ardeae <Unverified Name>[10]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[10]
Desportesius invaginatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Diasiella diasi <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum ardeae <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinochasmus dietzevi <Unverified Name>[10]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[10]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[10]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[10]
Glossocercus caribaensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Ignavia venusta[10]
Mesorchis denticulatus[10]
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[10]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[10]
Parastrigea brasiliana <Unverified Name>[10]
Paronchocerca tonkinensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Phagicola longa[10]
Philophthalmus hegeneri[10]
Polymorphus obtusus[10]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Posthodiplostomum boydae <Unverified Name>[10]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[10]
Posthodiplostomum nanum <Unverified Name>[10]
Posthodiplostomum opisthosicya <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthodiplostomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Southwellina dimorpha[10]
Strongyloides herodiae <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetrameres ardamericanus <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetrameres microspinosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Valipora mutabilis[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Brookgreen Gardens
 occidentalis
Cape May County Park Zoo
Cosley Zoo
Coyote Point Museum
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Parkoccidentalis
Hutchinson Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Moonridge Animal Park
 occidentalis
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
South Carolina Aquarium
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Butler, RW 1992. Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias). In The Birds of North America, No. 25 (A. Poole, P. Stettenheim and F. Gill, Eds.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 6Lafferty, K. D., R. F. Hechinger, J. C. Shaw, K. L. Whitney and A. M. Kuris (in press) Food webs and parasites in a salt marsh ecosystem. In Disease ecology: community structure and pathogen dynamics (eds S. Collinge and C. Ray). Oxford University Press, Oxford. 7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 8Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 9Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011