Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Ardeidae > Ardea > Ardea purpurea
 

Ardea purpurea (Purple Heron)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, breeding in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The European populations are migratory, wintering in tropical Africa; the more northerly Asian populations also migrate further south within Asia. It is a rare but regular wanderer north of its breeding range.
View Wikipedia Record: Ardea purpurea

Infraspecies

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.35 lbs (1.07 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  51 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Speed [4]  24.16 MPH (10.8 m/s)
Wing Span [4]  4.4 feet (1.35 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nicobar Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi montane rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
BRENNE 144090 France  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park II 770291 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Dong Hua Sao National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 236373 Laos  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Farasan Islands Special Nature Reserve 177805 Saudi Arabia      
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Ludogorie 225827 Bulgaria  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Phou Khao Khoay National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 447452 Laos  
Phou Xang He National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 285962 Laos  
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Puszcza Sandomierska 319052 Poland  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA 122007 Spain  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Adda Sud Park heronries Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary Philippines A1, A2, A4i
Aksehir and Eber lakes Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes Spain A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Albufera de Valencia marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ampurdán marshes Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort France A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Azután reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Balta Albă: Amara: Jirlău Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balta Mică a Brăilei Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Banks of River Linge Netherlands C6
Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos Portugal C6
Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud France B2, C6
Béda–Karapancsa Hungary A4i, B1i, B2
Becej fish-pond Serbia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Belene Islands Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Bilosarajs'ka peninsula Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2
Blahniţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Bornos reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Braţul Borcea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno Italy A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Brenne centrale France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brenne Sud France C6
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Caorle lagoon Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Carska bara Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Castrejón reservoir Spain C6
Castronuño-Zamora Spain C6
Câmpia Crişurilor Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cinco Villas ponds Spain C6
Cogul-Alfés steppes Spain B2, C2, C6
Comana Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Cortados del Jarama Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Crau France A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Danau Tempe Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Dataran Banjir Ogan Komering Indonesia A4i, A4iii
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dnipro delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dniprodzerzhyns'ke reservoir Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Dnister delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Donji Miholjac fish-ponds Croatia A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Dunăre: Ostroave Romania C1, C2, C6
Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) Romania C1, C2, C6
Durankulak Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
El Hondo wetland Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Estuaire de la Charente France B1i, B2, C3, C6
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais France C6
Etang de Capestang France B2, C2, C6
Etang de Lindre France B1i, B2, C3, C6
Etang des Landes France B1i, B1iv, C2, C5, C6
Etang du Bagnas France C2, C6
Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée France A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan France B1i, B2, C3, C6
Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan France B1i, B2, C2, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Garonne : marais de Bordeaux France B2, C6
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Gornje Podunavlje Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gruia: Gârla Mare Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Hortobágy and Tisza-to Hungary A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jegricka Serbia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kapok tree, Boa Entrada Cape Verde A1  
Karachunivs'ke reservoir Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta: Zhambay Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii  
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Konka river mouth Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2
La Dombes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac Débo: Lac Oualado Débo Mali A3, A4i, A4iii
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Lagoa Pequena Portugal C6
Lake Kis-Balaton Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Mahmudchala Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Massaciuccoli Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Lake Te'le' Community Reserve Congo  
Lake Zwartemeer Netherlands A4iii, B1i, C2, C4, C6
Las Cañas lake Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lomellina and Heronries of Pavia province Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mahoganies at Banana, Ribeira Montanha, Ilha de Santiago Cape Verde A1  
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Manila Bay Philippines A1, A4i, A4iii
Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban France A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Minho and Coura estuaries Portugal C6
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mondego Estuary Portugal A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Monfragüe Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Murta dam Portugal A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Naardermeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Neusiedler See Austria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nieuwkoopse Plassen Netherlands B2, C2, C6
Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Orsoya Fish-ponds Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Paul de Arzila Portugal C6
Paul de Madriz Portugal C6
Paul do Boquilobo Portugal B1i, B2, C2, C6
Paul do Taipal Portugal A4i, B1i, C6
Pego-Oliva marshes Spain B1i, B2, C2, C6
Pera marsh Portugal B1i, B2, C6
Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Pitillas and Dos Reinos lagoons Spain C6
Plaine du Forez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Pulau Rambut Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii    
Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez France C6
Ria de Aveiro Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Ebro ox-bow lakes Spain C6
River Mincio and Bosco Fontana Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
River Po from Dora Baltea mouth to Scrivia mouth Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest Spain B1i, C2, C6
Ropotamo Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Rotbav fish-ponds Romania B2
Sado estuary Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa Portugal B2, C6
Santa Pola salt-pans Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Santo André and Sancha lagoons Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Sariñena lake and La Estación pond Spain C6
Senné Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Srebarna Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Subotica lakes and sandy terrain Serbia A1, A4iii, B2, B3
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Thale Noi Non Hunting Area Thailand A4i, A4iii
Thung Tha Laad Thailand A4i, A4iii
Ticino river Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Tierra de Campos steppes Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tsibarsko Marsh Bulgaria B2, C6
Tsybul'kivs'ki lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2
U Minh Thuong Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Udaj river valley Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Uzdin fish-pond Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Vallée de la Garonne : méandre de Grisolles France C6
Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon Italy B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Valli di Argenta Italy A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vilamoura Portugal C6
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Zouweboezem Netherlands C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[5]
Arhythmorhynchus frassoni[5]
Ascaris microcephala <Unverified Name>[5]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Bilharziella polonica[5]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum phalacrocoracis <Unverified Name>[5]
Codonocephalus urniger <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum micropapillatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum ovale <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptocotyle concava[5]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[5]
Dendrouterina ardeae <Unverified Name>[5]
Dendrouterina macrosphincter <Unverified Name>[5]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[5]
Desportesius invaginatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dilepis macrosphincter <Unverified Name>[5]
Dilepis unilateralis <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum repandum <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus bagulai <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus beleocephalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus bursicola <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus militaris <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus ruficapensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinostoma sudanense <Unverified Name>[5]
Episthmium bursicola <Unverified Name>[5]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[5]
Euclinostomum skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[5]
Gryporhynchus tetraorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Haplorchis yokogawai[5]
Hepatiarius longissimus <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis taiwanensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ignavia ardeae <Unverified Name>[5]
Lateriporus mahadiaensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Ligula pavlovskii <Unverified Name>[5]
Metagonimus yokogawai[5]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[5]
Neogryporhynchus lasiopeius <Unverified Name>[5]
Nephroechinostoma aquilae <Unverified Name>[5]
Notaulus dendriticus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ophiosoma patagiatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Opisthorchis altajevi <Unverified Name>[5]
Opisthorchis dendriticus <Unverified Name>[5]
Opisthorchis geminus <Unverified Name>[5]
Opisthorchis longissimus <Unverified Name>[5]
Parvitaenia ardeolae[5]
Pegosomum saginatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Pegosomum skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Pegosomum spiniferum <Unverified Name>[5]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[5]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[5]
Posthodiplostomum impraeputiatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Schistocephalus solidus[5]
Strigea falconis[5]
Taenia multiformis <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[5]
Uroproctepisthmium bursicola <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kyiv Zoological Park
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Twycross Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.

Range Map

Link to Map
Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 22-Sep-2011, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011