Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Ardeidae > Egretta > Egretta garzetta
 

Egretta garzetta (Little Egret)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The little egret (Egretta garzetta) is a species of small heron in the family Ardeidae. The genus name comes from the Provençal French Aigrette, "egret", a diminutive of Aigron," heron". The species epithet garzetta is from the Italian name for this bird, garzetta or sgarzetta.
View Wikipedia Record: Egretta garzetta

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.90193
EDGE Score: 2.18627

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  312 grams
Birth Weight [2]  28 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Fish [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  60 %
Forages - Ground [3]  30 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  70 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Incubation [4]  21 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Wing Span [4]  36 inches (.92 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Marianas tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palau tropical moist forests Palau Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi montane rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Yap tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park II 770291 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Marahoue National Park II 293884 Côte d'Ivoire  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Ouessant-Molène 190983 France  
PERIOCHI THESSALIKOU KAMPOU 236223 Greece  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Adda Sud Park heronries Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Aggyol National Park Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Al-Ha'ir Saudi Arabia A1, B1i, B2
Albufeira do Caia Portugal A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes Spain A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Albufera de Valencia marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Argentario, Orbetello Lagoon and Burano Lake Italy A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C4, C6
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Arquipélago dos Bijagós Guinea-Bissau A4i, A4iii
Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Azután reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Baishiyi Nature Reserve China (mainland) A4i
Balta Mică a Brăilei Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Balta Vederoasa Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Bangweulu swamps Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve Gambia A4i, A4iii
Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau France C2, C6
Basse Vallée de la Durance France B1i, C3, C6
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blahniţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Bornos reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Boscone island Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Braţul Borcea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brenne centrale France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Budats'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i
Cagliari wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Calafat: Ciuperceni: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Caorle lagoon Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Castronuño-Zamora Spain C6
Cádiz bay Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cervia saltpans Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Chancery Lane Swamp Barbados A2, A4i  
Codigoro heronry Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Comana Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dez dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i
Diaccia Botrona Italy A1, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Divari Pilou lagoon (Gialova) Greece A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Domaine d'Orx France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Dunăre: Ostroave Romania C1, C2, C6
Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) Romania C1, C2, C6
East Point Pond Barbados A2, A4i  
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Erlinggou China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Narbonnais France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Fucecchio marsh Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
Fujiang Taigong Shan China (mainland) A4i
Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Golia Island Bulgaria C6
Gorni Dabnik-Telish Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Graeme Hall Swamp Barbados A2, A4i  
Gruia: Gârla Mare Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ibisha Island Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Izeh and Sheikho lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Kole Wetland India A1, A4i, A4iii
Konush Reservoir Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Kotychi lagoon Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
La Dombes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac Débo: Lac Oualado Débo Mali A3, A4i, A4iii
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lagoa Pequena Portugal C6
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kobi Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Mahmudchala Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Manzala Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Trasimeno Italy A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Victoria: Bunda Bay Tanzania A4i
Lake Victoria: Mwanza Gulf Tanzania A4i
Lanting Damiaowu China (mainland) A4i
Las Cañas lake Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Leixão da Gaivota Portugal C6
Lomellina and Heronries of Pavia province Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6
Malpartida de Cáceres-Arroyo de la Luz Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Malpica island (River Tagus) Spain A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Manila Bay Philippines A1, A4i, A4iii
Marais de L'Ile Vieille France B1i, C2, C6
Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban France A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais et estuaire de la Seudre France A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Mérida-Montijo reservoir Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C3, C6
McKinnons Salt Pond Antigua and Barbuda A1, A4i, B4i
Medas islands Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Medina-Sidonia Spain A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C3, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Murta dam Portugal A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Musambwa islands Uganda A4i, A4iii
Northern lower Jordan valley Israel A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Novara heronries Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Paul do Boquilobo Portugal B1i, B2, C2, C6
Paul do Taipal Portugal A4i, B1i, C6
Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Plaine du Forez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ponta da Piedade Portugal C6
Pozharevo Island Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
River Ebro ox-bow lakes Spain C6
River Sesia heronries Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest Spain B1i, C2, C6
Rubondo Island National Park Tanzania A3, A4i
Sado estuary Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sakarya Delta Turkey A4i, B1i  
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Songor Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Srebarna Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ticino river Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze France B1i, B1iv, C2, C5, C6
Val d'Allier Bourbonnais France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde France A4i, B1i, B1iv, C3, C5, C6
Val de Saône France A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne France B2, C6
Vallée de la Garonne : Palayre et environs France A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize France A1, C1, C6
Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon Italy B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Vardim Island Bulgaria B1i, B2, C3, C6
Varnavinsko-Kryukovskaya irrigation system Russia (European) A4i, B1i, B2
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vercelli rice-fields Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Veselovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Wembere steppe Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
New Zealand New Zealand No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Predators

Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apharyngostrigea cornu[7]
Ardeicola expallidus[8]
Arhythmorhynchus hispidum <Unverified Name>[7]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Bilharziella polonica[7]
Centrorhynchus elongatus[7]
Ciconiphilus decimfasciatus[8]
Clinostomum complanatum[7]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Cryptocotyle cryptocotyloides[7]
Dendrouterina egrettae <Unverified Name>[7]
Desportesius equispiculatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus amphibolus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus beleocephalus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus bursicola <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus euryporus <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinochasmus ruficapensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides sinicus <Unverified Name>[7]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[7]
Hepatiarius longissimus <Unverified Name>[7]
Ignavia ardeae <Unverified Name>[7]
Nephroechinostoma ardea <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthorchis altajevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthorchis longissimus <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthorchis simulans <Unverified Name>[7]
Pittacium egrettum <Unverified Name>[7]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[7]
Southwellina hispida[7]
Strigea falconis[7]
Synhimantus invaginata <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys clavata[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
City of Belfast Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenrijk Europa
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
L'Oceanografic
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Olmense Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tilgate Nature Centre
Trotter's World of Animals
Twycross Zoo
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Distribution

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America; Oceania; Takamanda Forest Reserve; Tsavo National Park; Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons (Bernissart; Boussu; Hensies; Jurbise; Mons; Quaregnon; Saint-Ghi;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6WINTER DIET OF THE GREATER SPOTTED EAGLE (AQUILA CLANGA) IN THE AMVRAKIKOS WETLANDS, GREECE, HARALAMBOS ALIVIZATOS, DIMITRIS PAPANDROPOULOS, STAMATIS ZOGARIS, J Raptor Res. 38(4):371-374
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access