Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Ciconia > Ciconia ciconia
 

Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white stork (Ciconia ciconia) is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Its plumage is mainly white, with black on its wings. Adults have long red legs and long pointed red beaks, and measure on average 100–115 cm (39–45 in) from beak tip to end of tail, with a 155–215 cm (61–85 in) wingspan. The two subspecies, which differ slightly in size, breed in Europe (north to Finland), northwestern Africa, southwestern Asia (east to southern Kazakhstan) and southern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Ciconia ciconia

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
18
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.9628
EDGE Score: 2.70557

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  7.60 lbs (3.45 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  110 grams
Female Maturity [4]  4 years
Male Maturity [4]  4 years
Clutch Size [5]  3
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [4]  33 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  39 years
Migration [3]  Intercontinental
Speed [6]  35.79 MPH (16 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  6.3 feet (1.91 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete 247883 Spain  
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bory Dolnoslaskie 425252 Poland  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Camargue 546256 France  
Castro Verde 210891 Portugal  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA 193184 Spain  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Ludogorie 225827 Bulgaria  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi 217581 Italy  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
OROS PAIKO, STENA APSALOU KAI MOGLENITSAS 227258 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Drawska 380310 Poland  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
PERIOCHI THESSALIKOU KAMPOU 236223 Greece  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Pollino e Orsomarso 232637 Italy  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Augustowska 332055 Poland  
Puszcza Biala 207024 Poland  
Puszcza Knyszynska 344935 Poland  
Puszcza Napiwodzko-Ramucka 288136 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Piska 427004 Poland  
Puszcza Sandomierska 319052 Poland  
Puszcza Solska 196076 Poland  
Puszcza nad Gwda 191949 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Roztocze 255762 Poland  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE GREDOS 213494 Spain  
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO 284250 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS 342683 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Sredna Gora 244788 Bulgaria  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
"Balykchi" Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Aammiq wetland Lebanon A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2
Agyatan lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Alcudia valley and mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Amanos mountains Turkey A4iv, B1iv
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort France A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Avrig: Scorei: Făgăraş Romania C1, C6
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balikdami Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Baquba wetlands Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Barthes de l'Adour France B2, C6
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bielaviežškaja Pušča Belarus A1, B2, B3
Bistrentsi fishponds Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, A4i, B1i
Bosphorus Turkey A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B1iv  
Bosutska forest Serbia A1, B1i, B2, B3
Braţul Borcea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brozas-Membrío Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range Spain A1, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Calafat: Ciuperceni: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Campo Arañuelo-Valdecañas reservoir Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Canalizos mountain range (Saceruela) Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Carmel coast Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2  
Castro Marim Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Castro Verde plains Portugal A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Castronuño-Zamora Spain C6
Câmpia Nirului: Valea lerului Romania C1, C6
Cârja: Maţa: Rădeanu: Roşcani Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ceuta Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C2, C3, C5
Ciuc Depression Romania C1, C6
Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Confluenţa Jiu: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers: Tvrdonicko Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Cortados del Jarama Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Esmekaya marshes Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Golan Heights Syria A1, A4i, A4iv
Gornje Podunavlje Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Hanság Hungary A4i, B1i, B2
Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands Czech Republic B2, C6
Hortobágy and Tisza-to Hungary A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Igneada forests Turkey A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Inner Somogy Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jordan Valley Jordan A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
La Dombes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
La Limia Spain C6
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kobi Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Strachina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Zaribar Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lower Sava river Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Malaki dam Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Malpartida de Cáceres-Arroyo de la Luz Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
March/Thaya riverine forest Austria B2, B3, C6
Masirah island Oman A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Măcin: Niculiţel Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Medzibodrozie Slovakia A1, B2
Mesta Valley Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Metsamor Armenia A1, B1iv, B2
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mirzaaral Tugay Uzbekistan A4i
Montesinho and Nogueira mountains Portugal B2, B3, C6
Morava Slovakia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Mourão, Moura e Barrancos Portugal A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Noravank Armenia A1, B2
Northern Arava valley Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Northern lower Jordan valley Israel A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Obedska bara Serbia B1i, B2, B3
Obnova Fish-ponds Bulgaria A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Olivenza-La Albuera Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Olt valley Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Olteniţa: Ulmeni Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Oropesa plains Spain A1, B2, C1, C6
Palakaria Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Paul do Taipal Portugal A4i, B1i, C6
Pálava Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Poilovlje with Koncanica, Garesnica and Poljana fishponds Croatia A1, B1i, B2
Poiplie Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Poodri Czech Republic A4iii, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Prut river flood-plain: Vlădeşti: Frumuşiţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Râului Negru valley Romania C1, C6
Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Cega-Tierra de Pinares-Cantalejo Spain B2, B3, C6
River Guadiana Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
River Moros Spain B2, B3, C6
Rupite Bulgaria B2, C6
Sabôr and Maçãs Portugal B2, B3, C6
Sado estuary Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Samra sewage station Jordan A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2
Sariyar reservoir Turkey A4i, B1i, B2
Segovia Spain B1i, B2, C2
Serra do Caldeirão Portugal B2, C6
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Slovenský karst Slovakia A1, B2, B3
South-west coast of Portugal Portugal B1iii, C2, C3, C6
Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains Israel A1, A3, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Szatmár-Bereg Hungary A1, B2
Ta'izz wadis Yemen A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Talamanca-Camarma Spain A1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Tarifa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C4
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Thessaly plain Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Tietar valley Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Turopolje Croatia B2
Tuyabuguz Reservoir Uzbekistan A4i, A4iii
Upper Valley of the Alzette Luxembourg C6
Uzdin fish-pond Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Valley of the Syre Luxembourg C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vihorlat Slovakia B2, B3
Villafáfila Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Western Negev Israel A1, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Zemplén Mountains Hungary A1, B2
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Zlatiata Bulgaria B2, B3, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

Belarus
Germany
Lithuania

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[7]
Arvicola amphibius (European water vole)[7]
Chorthippus biguttulus (Bow-winged Grasshopper)[7]
Microtus agrestis (field vole)[7]
Microtus arvalis (common vole)[7]
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)[7]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[7]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[7]
Talpa europaea (European Mole)[7]
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)3
Aeshna cyanea (Southern Hawker Dragonfly)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anax imperator (Emperor Dragonfly )1
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)1
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)1
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)2
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)6
Argiope bruennichi (Bruennich's garden spider)1
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)6
Athene noctua (Little Owl)4
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)1
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)5
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)2
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)3
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)1
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)1
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)1
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)4
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)4
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)1
Glaucidium passerinum (Eurasian Pygmy Owl)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)4
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)4
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)1
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)2
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)2
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)6
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)7
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)5
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)4
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)3
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1
Nepa cinerea (Water Scorpion)1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)6
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)3
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Thereva nobilitata (Common Stiletto)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)4
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)2
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)7
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)7

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anomotaenia discoidea <Unverified Name>[8]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[8]
Bilharziella polonica[8]
Cathaemasia hians[8]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[9]
Chaunocephalus ferox <Unverified Name>[8]
Chaunocephalus petrovi <Unverified Name>[8]
Choanotaenia discoidea <Unverified Name>[8]
Cyrnea excisa <Unverified Name>[8]
Dicheilonema ciconiae <Unverified Name>[8]
Dictymetra discoidea <Unverified Name>[8]
Excisa excisa <Unverified Name>[8]
Ignavia ciconiae <Unverified Name>[8]
Ligula intestinalis[8]
Orchipedum conjunctum <Unverified Name>[8]
Oschmarinolepis microcephala <Unverified Name>[8]
Paronchocerca ciconiarum <Unverified Name>[8]
Pegosomum spiniferum <Unverified Name>[8]
Schistocephalus solidus[8]
Stomylotrema rotunda <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetrameres singhi <Unverified Name>[8]
Tylodelphys excavata <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!
Al Ain Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
 ciconia
Artis Zoo
 ciconia
Assiniboine Park Zoociconia
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Beale Parkciconia
Bellewaerde Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardensciconia
Birmingham Zoociconia
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoociconia
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
 ciconia
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkciconia
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chicago Zoological Parkciconia
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
 ciconia
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
 ciconia
Curraghs Wildlife Parkciconia
Dallas Zoo
 ciconia
Detroit Zoological Societyciconia
Dickerson Park Zoo
 ciconia
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenpark Wissel
 ciconia
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 ciconia
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
DSI Givskud Zoociconia
Dubai Municipal Zoo
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Exmoor Zoological Parkciconia
Flamingo Land LTD
 ciconia
Fort Wayne Children's Zoociconia
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Honolulu Zoociconia
Indianapolis Zoociconia
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zoociconia
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
 ciconia
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Gardenciconia
Lucknow Zoological Park
Maryland Zoo in Baltimoreciconia
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
 ciconia
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzciconia
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawciconia
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Nordens Ark
 ciconia
North of England Zoological Societyciconia
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
 ciconia
Odense Zoologiske Haveciconia
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
 ciconia
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftungciconia
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
 ciconia
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 ciconia
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonaciconia
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
 ciconia
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyreciconia
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Faunistico La Torbieraciconia
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
 ciconia
Phoenix Zoo
Planete Sauvage
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Pueblo Zoociconia
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
 ciconia
Riga Zoociconia
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rostock Zoologischer Gartenciconia
Rotterdam Zoociconia
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 ciconia
Saint Louis Zoological Parkciconia
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Parkciconia
Scandinavian Wildlife Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
 ciconia
Seoul Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Parkciconia
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Parkciconia
Szeged Zoo
 ciconia
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
 ciconia
Tama Zoological Parkciconia
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurtciconia
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardensciconia
Touroparc
Trotter's World of Animals
Twycross Zoociconia
Tygerberg Zoopark
Umgeni River Bird Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
 ciconia
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkciconia
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelciconia
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)ciconia
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dortmund
 ciconia
Zoo Dresden GmbHciconia
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
 ciconia
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocinciconia
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürichciconia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
 ciconia
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
 ciconia

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 7Ecology of Commanster 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access