Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Leptoptilos > Leptoptilos javanicus
 

Leptoptilos javanicus (Lesser Adjutant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Like other members of its genus, it has a bare neck and head. It is however more closely associated with wetland habitats where it is solitary and is less likely to scavenge than the related Greater Adjutant. It is a widespread species found from India through Southeast Asia to Java.
View Wikipedia Record: Leptoptilos javanicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
28
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
67
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.5371
EDGE Score: 4.50146

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12.59 lbs (5.71 kg)
Clutch Size [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Dong Hua Sao National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 236373 Laos  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve Hunting Reserve 730 Sarawak, Malaysia    
Nong Thung Thong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand        
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thale Noi Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area III   Thailand  
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Alas Purwo Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Amarambalam Reserved Forest: Nilambur India A1, A2, A3
Amchang Hills India A1
Ampara Sri Lanka A1, A2, A3
Ang Tropeang Thmor Cambodia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Anuradhapura Sri Lanka A1, A2
Ayeyarwaddy Delta Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Ayeyarwaddy River: Bhamo: Shwegu Myanmar A1, A4i
Ayeyarwaddy River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Bako-Buntal Bay Malaysia A1, A3, A4i  
Bali Barat Indonesia A1, A4iv  
Baluran Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Bandhavgarh National Park India A1, A3
Bandipur National Park India A1, A2, A3
Barail Range India A1, A2, A3
Barandabhar forests and wetlands Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Bardia National Park Nepal A1, A4i
Bauwwa Beel India A1
Behali Reserve Forest India A1, A3
Berbak Indonesia A1, A3
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bherjan: Borajan: Podumoni Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A4i
Binh Dai Vietnam A1, A4i, A4iii
Boeung Chhmar / Moat Khla Cambodia A1, A4i, A4iii
Bordoibam: Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary India A1
Bordoloni: Sampora India A1, A2, A4i
Brunei Bay Malaysia A1, A4i
Brunei Bay Brunei A1, A4i, A4iii
Bukit Barisan Selatan Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Bukit Tigapuluh Indonesia A1, A3
Bundala complex Sri Lanka A1, A4i, A4iii
Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park) India A1, A2
Carambolim Wetlands India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Chakrashila Complex India A1, A4i, A4iii
Chandubi Lake and adjoining areas India A1
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chhnuk Tru Cambodia A1, A4i
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Chu Prong Vietnam A1, A3
Corbett Tiger Reserve India A1
D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Danau Sentarum Indonesia A1, A2
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands Nepal A1, A3
Dei Roneat Cambodia A1, A4i
Delta Mahakam Indonesia A1
Deobali Jalah India A1, A4i
Dhansiri Reserve Forest India A1, A4i
Dharan forests Nepal A1, A2, A3, A4i
Dibang Reserve Forest and adjacent areas India A1, A2
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Dipor Beel Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Dong Khanthung Laos A1, A3, A4i
Dudhwa National Park India A1, A3, A4i
Dum Duma-Dangori: Kumsong Reserve Forests India A1
East and North Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuaries India A1
Endau-Rompin Malaysia A1, A2, A3
Farakka Barrage and adjoining area India A1, A4i, A4iii
Farmlands in Lumbini area Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Garampani, Nambor and Doigrung India A1
Ghodaghodi Lake Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Gibbon (Hollongapar) Sanctuary India A1
Gogabil Pakshi Vihar, Baghar Beel and Baldia Chaur India A1, A4iii
Gorumara National Park India A1, A2
Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i
Gunung Palung Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Gunung Tilu-Simpang Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Hakaluki Haor Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar A1, A3, A4i
Hutan Kahayan Indonesia A1, A3
Hutan Rawa Gambut Barumun-Rokan Indonesia A1, A3
Hutan Rawa Gambut Siak-Kampar Indonesia A1, A3
Indawgyi Lake and Indawgyi River Myanmar A1, A4i
Inner Line, Kathakal and Barak Reserve Forests India A1
Jagdishpur Reservoir Nepal A1
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Jamjing and Sengajan India A1
Jengdia Beel and Satgaon India A1
Jhanjimukh: Kokilamukh India A1, A4i
Kanha National Park India A1
Kantale Tank Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Karathuri Myanmar A1, A2, A3
Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage India A1
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Kerumutan Indonesia A1, A3
Kinabatangan floodplain Malaysia A1, A2, A3, A4i  
Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Klias peninsula Malaysia A1, A3, A4i
Ko Pra Thong Thailand A1, A3
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Kuarbari_Dalani India A1
Kukkarahalli Tank India A1, A3
Kulamba Wildlife Reserve Malaysia A1, A3
Kulik (Raiganj) Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kusheshwarsthan India A1
Lahan Basah Mahakam Tengah Indonesia A1, A3, A4i
Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries India A1, A2
Lembah Sungai Negara Indonesia A1, A3, A4i
Loagan Bunut National Park Malaysia A1, A3
Loktak Lake and Keibul Lamjao National Park India A1, A4iii
Lomphat Cambodia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Lower Stung Sen Cambodia A1, A4i
Lumding: Marat Longri India A1
Madhav National Park India A1
Madura Oya Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Mai Valley forests Nepal A1, A2, A3
Majuli India A1, A2, A4iii
Manas National Park India A1, A2
Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Matang coast Malaysia A1, A4i
Minneriya / Girithale / Kaudulla Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Mondulkiri / Kratie Lowlands Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Muara Gembong-Tanjung Sedari Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii    
Muara Kendawangan Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Mudumalai National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nagarhole National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) India A1, A4i, A4iii
Nam Cat Tien Vietnam A1, A2, A3
Nameri National Park India A1, A2
Navegaon National Park India A1, A3
Nawalparasi forests Nepal A1
Naya Bandh Wetland Complex India A1
North-central Selangor coast Malaysia A1, A4i
Northern Santuk Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Okhla Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Orang National Park India A1, A4ii
Pa Phru To Daeng (HRH Princess Sirindhorn Wildlife Sanctuary) Thailand A1, A3
Pabho Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Pachan Myanmar A1, A3
Padaviya Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Panna National Park India A1
Panti forest Malaysia A1, A3
Parsa Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A3
Pesisir Pantai Jambi Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Pesisir Riau Tenggara Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Pesisir Timur Pantai Sumatera Utara Indonesia A1, A4i
Polonnaruwa Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Pondok Tanjung Forest Reserve Malaysia A1, A3
Prek Taek Sap Cambodia A1
Prek Toal Cambodia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Pulau Bruit National Park Malaysia A1, A4i    
Pulau Moyo Indonesia A1, A2  
Ranthambore National Park and Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Rawa Danau Indonesia A1, A2
Rawa Pesisir Pantai Barat Tapanuli Selatan Indonesia A1, A3
Rawa Tapus Indonesia A1, A3
Rawa Tulang Bawang Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Rugam Tank Sri Lanka A1, A2, A4i
Sadong-Saribas coast Malaysia A1, A3, A4i  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Segara Anakan-Nusa Kambangan Indonesia A1, A2
Sembilang Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii
Senanayake Samudraya / Nilgala Sri Lanka A1, A2, A3, A4i
Seria Coast Brunei A1  
Sesan River Cambodia A1, A2, A4i
Siak Kecil Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Sibsagar Tanks India A1, A4i
Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang Cambodia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Solo Delta Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii  
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Son Beel India A1
South-East Pahang peat swamp forest Malaysia A1, A3
South-west Johor coast Malaysia A1, A4i
Sre Ambel Cambodia A1
Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay Cambodia A1, A3
Stung / Prasat Balang Cambodia A1, A3
Stung Kampong Smach Cambodia A1
Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Subansiri India A1, A2, A3
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
Sultanpur National Park India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve (National Park) India A1
Sunderbans (East, South, West Wildlife Sanctuaries) Bangladesh A1, A4iii
Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Tamaranga: Dalani: Bhairab Complex India A1, A4iii
Tanjung Koyan Indonesia A1, A3, A4i
Tanjung Puting Indonesia A1, A3, A4i
Tanjung Selokan Indonesia A1
Teknaf Game Reserve Bangladesh A1, A3
Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast Malaysia A1, A4i
Tempasuk plains Malaysia A1  
The Chapories of Lohit Reserve India A1, A2, A4i
Tirap: Burhidihing India A1, A3
Tram Chim Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Trumon-Singkil Indonesia A1, A3
U Minh Thuong Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Udawalawa Sri Lanka A1, A2, A3, A4i
Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1
Ujung Kulon Indonesia A1, A2, A3  
Ulu Temburong Brunei A1, A2, A3
Upper Dihing (East) Complex India A1, A2
Upper Dihing (West) Complex India A1, A2
Upper Moguang Chaung basin Myanmar A1
Upper Srepok Catchment Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Upper Stung Sen Catchment Cambodia A1, A4i
Urlabari forest groves Nepal A1
Urpod Beel India A1, A4iii
Valmiki Tiger Reserve and Saraiyaman Lake India A1, A3
Veal Srongae Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Velavadar National Park India A1, A4ii
Wasan Brunei A1, A4i  
Way Kambas Indonesia A1, A3
Western Siem Pang Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Xe Pian Laos A1, A2, A3, A4i
Ya Lop Vietnam A1, A3
Yala Sri Lanka A1, A2, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Nehru Zoological Park
Racine Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Park

Range Map

Link to Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011