Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Threskiornithidae > Platalea > Platalea leucorodia
 

Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian spoonbill or common spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae,
View Wikipedia Record: Platalea leucorodia

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
37
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.7223
EDGE Score: 2.75508

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.12 lbs (1.87 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  76 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  23 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Speed [5]  31.54 MPH (14.1 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  4.3 feet (1.3 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve 82385 Anhui, China      
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BRENNE 144090 France  
Baie du Mont Saint Michel 117800 France  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Belsõ-Somogy 82518 Hungary  
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
CAMPO AZÁLVARO-PINARES DE PEGUERINOS 70113 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Chernye Zemly State Nature Reserve 301224 Kalmykia, Russia
Cserebökényi-puszták 69091 Hungary  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dévaványai-sík 62065 Hungary  
ENCINARES DE LOS RÍOS ADAJA Y VOLTOYA 66837 Spain  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Estuário do Sado 60868 Portugal  
Estuário do Tejo 110634 Portugal  
Farasan Islands Special Nature Reserve 177805 Saudi Arabia      
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LAGUNAS DE VILLAFÁFILA 80430 Spain  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
LLANOS Y COMPLEJO LAGUNAR DE LA ALBUERA 89865 Spain  
Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines d'Anjou et de Touraine 108620 France  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marais du Nord Médoc 59273 France  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Markermeer & IJmeer 169287 Netherlands    
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU 71214 Greece    
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Mancha Humeda Biosphere Reserve 61776 Spain  
Ria Formosa 58164 Portugal  
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA 122007 Spain  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zalew Szczecinski 116620 Poland    
l'Albufera 72366 Spain  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
"Balykchi" Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Aden Yemen A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Aftout es Sâheli Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Aggyol National Park Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Airag Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Aksehir and Eber lakes Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes) China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Arraiolos Portugal B1i, B1ii, B2, C6
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Évora plains Portugal A1, B1i, B2, C1, C6
Baga and Bayan Lakes Mongolia A3, A4i
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balgzand Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balta Albă: Amara: Jirlău Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balta Mică a Brăilei Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Balta Vederoasa Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Băneasa: Canaraua Fetei Romania C1, C2, C6
Becej fish-pond Serbia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Biesbosch Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bistreţ Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blahniţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Bodrogzug–Taktaköz Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Bolluk lake Turkey A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Bordj Kastil Tunisia A4i  
Borsodi-Mezőség Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Boughrara Tunisia A4i, A4iii  
Braţul Borcea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Burukshunskiye limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Calafat: Ciuperceni: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Cap Gris-nez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Carmel coast Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2  
Carska bara Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Castro Marim Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3  
Ciocăneşti: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Comana Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Confluenţa Jiu: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Dăbuleni: Grinduri Romania C1, C2
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Diawling National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Djoudj wetlands Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Dongting Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dunăre: Olteniţa Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Dunăre: Ostroave Romania C1, C2, C6
Eilandspolder Netherlands B1i, C2
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Estuaire de l'Orne France B1i, C2  
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Farasan Islands Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3    
Flood plain of Tiszaalpár Hungary B2
Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gornje Podunavlje Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Gruia: Gârla Mare Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons Senegal A4i
Guernica estuary-Cape Ogoño Spain B1i, C2, C6  
Haçli lake Turkey A4i, B1i, B2
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hefer valley Israel A4i, B1i
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hortobágy and Tisza-to Hungary A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Ibisha Island Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Iezerul Călăraşi Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Islands north of Al-Hudaydah Yemen A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3  
Jazovo-Mokrin Serbia A1, B2
Jelas field including fishponds and wet pastures along Sava RIver Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jiddah south corniche and port Saudi Arabia A4i, B1i, B2
Jizan Bay Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kagan Fish Farm Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kalausskiye floods Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kerkennah islands Tunisia A3, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khouran Straits Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kis-Sárrét Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Kneiss Tunisia A3, A4i, A4iii
Kolon Lake Hungary A4i, B1i
Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kugurluj and Kartal lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kurnikov liman Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv
Kus lake / Manyas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kutambil island Saudi Arabia A4i, B1i, B2
Kwade Hoek Netherlands B1i, B2, C2, C6  
Kytaj lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac de Guiers Senegal A1, A4i
Lagune de Khnifiss Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Bugeac Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Dunăreni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Fertő Hungary A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kis-Balaton Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Mahmudchala Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Oltina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Sasko Montenegro B1i, B2, B3
Lake Tunis (Lake Radès) Tunisia A4i
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Zwartemeer Netherlands A4iii, B1i, C2, C4, C6
Lauwersmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Lepelaarplassen Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Lower Sava river Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Makkumer-and Kooiwaard Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Malaki dam Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Manychstroi area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Marais de Brière France B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Marais et forêt d'Olonne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais Larache Morocco A1, A4i  
Mehboob Shah Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Midi: Al-Luhayyah Yemen A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Naardermeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Neusiedler See Austria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Northern Arava valley Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Novotroitskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Oling area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Olteniţa: Ulmeni Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Oostvaardersplassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou Morocco A1, A3, A4i
Paul do Boquilobo Portugal B1i, B2, C2, C6
Paul do Taipal Portugal A4i, B1i, C6
Pera marsh Portugal B1i, B2, C6
Periyakadawela Sri Lanka A4i
Phoosna Wetlands Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Prikumskiye steppes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i
Pugri Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Ría de Arosa (O Grove) estuary Spain B1i, B2, C2
Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Piedras marshes and Rompido sandbank Spain B1i, B2, C2
Salines de Thyna Tunisia A4i, A4iii
Santander bay-Mouro islet Spain B1i, C2, C6  
Santoña marshes Spain B1i, B2, C2, C3  
Sarpinskaya lake-system Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Senné Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Seyfe lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Shoshkakol Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sostinskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Srebarna Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Terschelling: De Boschplaat Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Texel: Dunes and Hors Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C4, C6  
Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tuz lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Ucchali Wetland Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Uluabat lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Umm al-Qamari Saudi Arabia A4i, B1i, B3
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Uzdin fish-pond Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Vardim Island Bulgaria B1i, B2, C3, C6
Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake Hungary A4i, A4iii, B1i
Veselovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Vlieland Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Voornes Duin Netherlands B1i, B2, C2, C3
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Wormer-and Jisperveld Netherlands A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Zwanenwater Netherlands B1i, B2, C2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Abramis brama (Bream)[6]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[6]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[6]
Palaemonetes varians (Atlantic ditch shrimp)[6]
Pungitius pungitius (Ninespine stickleback)[6]
Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Red-eye)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Chlidonias hybrida (Whiskered Tern)2
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Melanitta nigra (Black Scoter)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)1
Mullus barbatus (red mullet)1
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)1
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)1
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)1
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)1
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pomadasys incisus (Bastard grunt)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Centrocestus caninus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyclorchida omalancristrota <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides africanus <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis filirostris <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis futilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hysteromorpha platalea <Unverified Name>[7]
Hysteromorpha triloba[7]
Orchipedum turkestanicum <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradilepis urceus <Unverified Name>[7]
Patagifer bilobus <Unverified Name>[7]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[7]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[7]
Thominx spirale <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatleucorodia
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
 leucorodia
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensmajor
Dierenrijk Europa
Exmoor Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lucknow Zoological Park
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North of England Zoological Society
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
 leucorodia
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 leucorodia
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
San Diego Zooleucorodia
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 leucorodia
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Wilhelma Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaineleucorodia
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerezleucorodia
Zoological Garden Prague
 leucorodia
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons (Bernissart; Boussu; Hensies; Jurbise; Mons; Quaregnon; Saint-Ghi;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3British Trust for Ornithology 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6ROLE OF THE THREE-SPINED STICKLEBACK GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS L. IN THE FOOD ECOLOGY OF THE SPOONBILL PLATALEA LEUCORODIA, JAN H. KEMPER, Behaviour 132 (15-16) (1995), p. 1285-1299 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Ramsar Sites Information Service GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access