Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Pelecaniformes > Threskiornithidae > Threskiornis > Threskiornis aethiopicus
 

Threskiornis aethiopicus (Sacred Ibis)

Wikipedia Abstract

The African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) is a species of ibis. Its sister species is the Australian white ibis.
View Wikipedia Record: Threskiornis aethiopicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.0957
EDGE Score: 2.77855

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  3.30 lbs (1.50 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  62 grams
Female Weight [2]  3.04 lbs (1.38 kg)
Male Weight [2]  3.57 lbs (1.62 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  17.4 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [4]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  37 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Temporary Pools, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Aldabra Island xeric scrub Seychelles Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
New Guinea mangroves Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Mangroves
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Bayhead Natural Heritage Site   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Daan Viljoen Game Park II 9924 Namibia  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lac de Grand Lieu 14199 France  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron 8950 France  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nairobi National Park II 16444 Kenya
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Nylsvley Nature Reserve IV 7698 Limpopo, South Africa
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arquipélago dos Bijagós Guinea-Bissau A4i, A4iii
Dez river marshes and plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Om am Nyaj Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karun river marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Khawr Abdallah Iraq B1i, B2, B3
Lake Kundi Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nukhaylah: Ghulayfiqah Yemen B2, B3
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wembere steppe Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Philippines Philippines No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Amietia angolensis (Common River Frog)[7]
Arachis hypogaea (Earthnut)[8]
Carica papaya (papaya)[8]
Cucumis melo (Cantaloupe)[8]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[8]
Xenopus laevis (African Clawed Frog)[7]
Zea mays (corn)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia (Herald Snake, Red-lipped Snake)1
Hydrictis maculicollis (Spotted-necked Otter)1
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)1
Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned Night-Heron)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Polymorphus biziurae[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
 aethiopicus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Nature Centre
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drusillas Zoo Park
Erie Zoological Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Linton Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Niabi Zoo
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoo
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Olmense Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonaaethiopicus
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Rodbaston College
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Safari West
 aethiopicus
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 aethiopicus
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Sequoia Park Zoo
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Toronto Zoo
 aethiopicus
Touroparc
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 aethiopicus
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
 aethiopicus
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Lowe, KW, Clark, A. & Clark, RA 1985. Body measurements, plumage and moult of the Sacred Ibis in South Africa. Ostrich 56: 111-116 3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 7"FOOD OF SACRED IBIS THRESKIORNIS AETHIOPICUS NESTLINGS IN THE FREE STATE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA", Grzegorz Kopija, Ordino B. Koka & Zennon N. Roosa, Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology Volume 67, Issue 3-4, 1996 (2010) 8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access