Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Phoenicopteriformes > Phoenicopteridae > Phoenicopterus > Phoenicopterus ruber
 

Phoenicopterus ruber (Greater Flamingo; American Flamingo; flamant rose)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The American Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) is a large species of flamingo closely related to the Greater Flamingo and Chilean Flamingo. It was formerly considered conspecific with the Greater Flamingo, but that treatment is now widely viewed as incorrect due to a lack of evidence. It has also been known as the Caribbean Flamingo, but the species' presence in the Galápagos makes that name problematic. It is the only flamingo which naturally inhabits North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Phoenicopterus ruber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
23
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.9394
EDGE Score: 2.94125

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.51 lbs (2.50 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  142 grams
Female Maturity [1]  5 years
Male Maturity [1]  5 years
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [1]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  44 years
Speed [4]  34.00 MPH (15.2 m/s)
Wing Span [4]  5.0 feet (1.53 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà 26765 Spain  
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA 38287 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Delta du Saloum National Park II 179029 Senegal  
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
ETANGS DU NARBONNAIS 30429 France  
Estuário do Sado 60868 Portugal  
Estuário do Tejo 110634 Portugal  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante 38776 Italy    
KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU 27106 Greece  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Kurgal'dzhinskiy Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 618861 Kazakhstan  
LESVOS: KOLPOS KALLONIS KAI CHERSAIA PARAKTIA ZONI 45248 Greece  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LIMNOS: CHORTAROLIMNI - LIMNI ALYKI KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI 45051 Greece    
LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS 40260 Greece    
La Durance 49441 France  
Laghi di Lesina e Varano 37550 Italy  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
MAR MENOR 35617 Spain  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia 35675 Italy  
Parc National de l'lchkeul National Park 27893 Tunisia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale del Circeo 54771 Italy  
Piana di Ozieri, Mores, Ardara, Tula e Oschiri 52082 Italy  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva Estatal del Palmar Reserve 122954 Mexico    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de la Mancha Humeda Biosphere Reserve 61776 Spain  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Ria Formosa 58164 Portugal  
Ria Lagartos Biosphere Reserve VI 149920 Mexico    
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
THASOS (OROS YPSARIO KAI PARAKTIA ZONI) KAI NISIDES KOINYRA, XIRONISI 43471 Greece  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela 44096 Italy  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
l'Albufera 72366 Spain  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas Cuba A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i  
Ciénaga de Zapata Cuba A1, A2, A3, A4i
Complejo de Humedales Costeros de la Guajira Colombia A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Delta del Cauto Cuba A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Fish Ponds and Crossing Place Trail, Middle Caicos Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A1, A2, B4i, B4ii  
Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila Cuba A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Great Inagua Bahamas A1, A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Humedal Chacopata Venezuela A4i
Humedales Boca de Hueque y Sauca Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4i  
Humedales Boca del Río Unare Venezuela A1, A3, A4i
Las Picuas-Del Cristo Cay Cuba A1, A4i, A4iii    
North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques Venezuela A4i    
Parque Nacional Laguna de Tacarigua Venezuela A1  
Pedernales-Capure Venezuela A1, A4i, A4iii
Pelkermeer Saltworks, Bonaire Netherlands Antilles A4i, B4i    
Río Máximo Cuba A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4i
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Ciénaga de Los Olivitos Venezuela A1, A2, A4i
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Laguna de Boca de Caño Venezuela A4i
Reserva de Fauna Silvestre Tucurere Venezuela A1, A4i    
Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire Netherlands Antilles A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Bahamas

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cloacotaenia megalops[5]
Echinostoma paraulum[5]
Flamingolepis caroli <Unverified Name>[5]
Flamingolepis flamingo <Unverified Name>[5]
Flamingolepis liguloides[5]
Gynandrotaenia stammeri <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis cirrostylifer <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis liguloides <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis megalorchis <Unverified Name>[5]
Notocotylus linearis <Unverified Name>[5]
Polymorphus obtusus[5]
Sobolevicanthus caroli <Unverified Name>[5]
Sobolevicanthus liguloides <Unverified Name>[5]
Striatofilaria phoenicopteri <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetrameres occinea <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
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Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstanruber
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Bioparc Valencia
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatruber
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Cape May County Park Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
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Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singaporeruber
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
 ruber
Museum de Besancon
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North of England Zoological Society
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
 ruber
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Planete Sauvage
Potawatomi Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sacramento Zoo
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sea World Orlando
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toronto Zoo
 ruber
Touroparc
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 ruber
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaineruber
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
 ruber
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
 ruber
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Caribbean; North America; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011