Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Cygnus > Cygnus olor
 

Cygnus olor (Mute Swan)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The mute swan (Cygnus olor) is a species of swan, and thus a member of the waterfowl family Anatidae. It is native to much of Europe and Asia, and (as a rare winter visitor) the far north of Africa. It is also an introduced species in North America, Australasia and southern Africa. The name 'mute' derives from it being less vocal than other swan species. Measuring 125 to 170 cm (49 to 67 in) in length, this large swan is wholly white in plumage with an orange bill bordered with black.
View Wikipedia Record: Cygnus olor

Invasive Species

Cygnus olor (mute swans) are a large swan species that can utilise a variety of aquatic habitats. They consume submerged aquatic vegetation to the point of overgrazing, which in turn reduces the carrying capacity of natural habitats for native waterfowl. They will occasionally overgraze to such an extent that certain vegetation is eliminated from the ecosystem. Cygnus olor is also very territorial and will drive off native waterfowl species and has been known to attack and kill native species while defending territory. Mute swans have also been known to attack and injure humans and can be especially dangerous to small children.
View ISSG Record: Cygnus olor

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.44539
EDGE Score: 2.13362

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  23.67 lbs (10.74 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  225 grams
Female Weight [2]  21.32 lbs (9.67 kg)
Male Weight [2]  26.01 lbs (11.80 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  22 %
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Clutch Size [4]  6
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Incubation [3]  36 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  70 years
Speed [5]  36.24 MPH (16.2 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [5]  7.5 feet (2.3 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BASSEE ET PLAINES ADJACENTES 68307 France  
BRENNE 144090 France  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Barrois et forêt de Clairvaux 101699 France  
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Dolina Baryczy 137185 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Odry 152337 Poland  
Dolina Liwca 67785 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowego Bugu 69428 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Wisly 76054 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
Kurgal'dzhinskiy Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 618861 Kazakhstan  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
NOTIA MANI 78232 Greece  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Niedersächsische Mittelelbe 84041 Germany  
OROS PILIO 89437 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
PLAINE DU FOREZ 81144 France  
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Pojezierze Slawskie 96729 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del 96423 Denmark  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Smålandshavet nord for Lolland 102895 Denmark  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Sydfynske Øhav 111163 Denmark  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Wielki Sandr Brdy 91691 Poland  
Zalew Wislany 79627 Poland  
Zalew Wislany i Mierzeja Wislana 100974 Poland  
Zatoka Pucka 154269 Poland    
Zatoka Pucka i Pólwysep Helski 66334 Poland    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Aniva bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii  
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Argeş reservoir Romania C2, C3, C4, C6
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bay of Kungsbackafjorden Sweden A4i, B1i, C3
Budats'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i
Buhuşu reservoir: Bacău: Tătărăşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cârja: Maţa: Rădeanu: Roşcani Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Delta of the Kuban' river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dnipro delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Durnesh Lough Ireland B1i, B2, B3, C2
Ebi Nur and Kuytun River China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Falsterbo-Bay of Foteviken Sweden A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C2, C3, C5, C6
Hwajinpo-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i
Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C2, C3, C4
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Jansheijs'ke lake Ukraine B1i
Karakol Lake Kazakhstan A4i, A4iii
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kazachka Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Küdema bay Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Kugurluj and Kartal lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kumya Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Kunashir island Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4ii  
Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Lady's Island Lake Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6
Lake Kwangpo North Korea A1, A4i
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Samilpo North Korea A1, A4i  
Lake Tungjong and Lake Chonapo North Korea A1, A4i
Liepaja lake Latvia A1, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lough Ennell Ireland B1i, C3
Lough Kinale and Lough Derragh Ireland B1i, C7
Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary Ireland A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons Istieas Greece B1i, C3
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Nakskov Fjord and Indrefjord Denmark A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Odense Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Olt valley Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pomorie Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
Pryp'yat' river valley Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Saltholm Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4
Sasyk lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Slnava Slovakia A4iii, B1i
Smålandsfarvandet Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tacumshin lake Ireland B1i, B2, C7
Taedong River estuary North Korea A1, A4i
Taman' Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Tyligul's'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ulvsund, Grønsund, Farø Fjord and Fanefjord Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4
Utlyuk lyman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Veselovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Vilsandi archipelago Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Western Ilmen area Russia (European) A4i, B1i, B2
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yatata Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Denmark

Prey / Diet

Agrostis stolonifera (carpet bentgrass)[6]
Alopecurus geniculatus (marsh meadow-foxtail)[6]
Carex disticha (tworank sedge)[6]
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort)[6]
Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted Hair-grass)[6]
Glyceria fluitans (water mannagrass)[6]
Glyceria maxima (reed mannagrass)[6]
Membranipora membranacea (écorce marine)[6]
Musa paradisiaca (Banana)[6]
Najas flexilis (nodding waternymph)[6]
Persicaria amphibia (water knotweed)[6]
Persicaria maculosa (Redshank)[6]
Poa trivialis (rough bluegrass)[6]
Potamogeton richardsonii (Richardson pondweed)[6]
Potamogeton zosteriformis (flatstem pondweed)[6]
Ranunculus repens (creeping buttercup)[6]
Rorippa palustris (Yellow cress)[6]
Rumex crispus (narrowleaf dock)[6]
Ruppia cirrhosa (spiral ditchgrass)[6]
Stuckenia pectinata (sago pondweed)[6]
Vallisneria americana (Water Celery)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomum cygni <Unverified Name>[7]
Anatoecus dentatus[6]
Anatoecus icterodes[6]
Anomotaenia ciliata <Unverified Name>[7]
Apatemon gracilis[7]
Aploparaksis furcigera[7]
Bilharziella polonica[7]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria nyrocinarum <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Cloacotaenia megalops[7]
Cotylurus brandivitellosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus syrius <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Dendritobilharzia pulverulenta[7]
Dicranotaenia coronula[7]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinocephalus cygni <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[7]
Echinostoma revolutum[7]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[7]
Gastrotaenia paracygni <Unverified Name>[7]
Hamatolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis aequibilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis bisacculia <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis fona <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis fragilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis longicirrosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis philactes <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis setigera <Unverified Name>[7]
Microsomacanthus spiralibursata <Unverified Name>[7]
Monosaccanthes kazachstanica <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematoparataenia skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematoparataenia southwelli <Unverified Name>[7]
Notocotylus attenuatus[7]
Notocotylus imbricatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Orchipedum tracheicola[7]
Ornithobius bucephalus[8]
Parabisaccanthes philactes <Unverified Name>[7]
Paramonostomum alveatum[7]
Paramonostomum anatis[7]
Paramonostomum bucephalae[7]
Paramonostomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Paramonostomum pseudoalveatum[7]
Polymorphus minutus[7]
Polymorphus striatus[7]
Profilicollis anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[7]
Pseudamidostomum cygni <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudocorynosoma constrictum[7]
Retinometra guberiana <Unverified Name>[7]
Retinometra longicirrosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[7]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[7]
Thominx anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichobilharzia filiformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichobilharzia ocellata[7]
Tschertkovilepis krabbei <Unverified Name>[7]
Typhlocoelum cucumerinum[7]
Wardium aequabilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Wardium nyrocae <Unverified Name>[7]
Wardoides nyrocae <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Ain Zoo
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Artis Zoo
Bellewaerde Park
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brookgreen Gardens
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenrijk Europa
Ecodrome CV
Emerald Safari Resort
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
Gladys Porter Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hamilton Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Joboland Brandesgardshaven
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Melbourne Zoo
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Planete Sauvage
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Safari West
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Touroparc
Tygerberg Zoopark
Umgeni River Bird Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Reynolds, CM 1972. Mute Swan weights in relation to breeding. Wildfowl 23:111-118 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access