Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Branta > Branta ruficollis
 

Branta ruficollis (Red-breasted Goose)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis) is a brightly marked, endangered species of goose in the genus Branta from Eurasia. It is sometimes separated in Rufibrenta but appears close enough to the brant goose (Branta bernicla) to make this unnecessary, despite its distinct appearance.
View Wikipedia Record: Branta ruficollis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
58
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.57502
EDGE Score: 3.96272

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.77 lbs (1.26 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  90 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.41 lbs (1.10 kg)
Male Weight [6]  3.03 lbs (1.38 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  29.2 %
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  7
Incubation [1]  24 days
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [7]  34 inches (.86 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
ALYKI KITROUS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 3560 Greece  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Atanasovsko ezero 17814 Bulgaria  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Camargue 546256 France  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
De Dijlevallei 3086 Belgium  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA EVROU 31031 Greece  
DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS 24359 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA 36139 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Durankulak Lake 8293 Bulgaria  
Fertõ tó 27972 Hungary  
Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona 6593 Italy  
Hódmezõvásárhely környéki és csanádi-háti puszták 53251 Hungary  
Het Zwin 4730 Belgium    
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Jezioro Turawskie 5251 Poland  
Kaliakra 26893 Bulgaria  
Kalimok Complex 23307 Bulgaria  
Kamchia Complex 24897 Bulgaria  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU 27106 Greece  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kis-Sárrét 20599 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
LESVOS: PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLONIS 8681 Greece  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS 40260 Greece    
Malko Sharkovo reservoir 3284 Bulgaria  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mandra - Poda 15162 Bulgaria  
Märkische Schweiz 44399 Germany  
Mechka Fish-ponds 6766 Bulgaria  
Mittlere Elbe einschließlich Steckby-Lödderitzer Forst 47123 Germany  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Niederung der Unteren Havel 69882 Germany  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Ovtcharitsa Reservoir 10637 Bulgaria  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Poldercomplex 24132 Belgium    
Pomorie Lake 2343 Bulgaria  
Pozharevo Island 2411 Bulgaria  
Pyasachnik Reservoir 7855 Bulgaria  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Rheiderland 21461 Germany  
Rietzer See 2785 Germany  
Rozov Kladenets Reservoir 3173 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Shabla Lake Complex 7896 Bulgaria  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Straldzha Complex 7096 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Svishtov-Belene Lowland 13445 Bulgaria  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
U. Rhinluch/Dreetzer See, Havell. Luch und Belziger Landschaftsw. 34455 Germany  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Unterelbe 41304 Germany  
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Unteres Odertal 29097 Germany  
Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia 2125 Italy  
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex 11569 Bulgaria  
Wulfener Bruch und Teichgebiet Osternienburg 5580 Germany  
Yatata 357 Bulgaria  
Zaliv Chengene skele 472 Bulgaria  
Zhrebchevo Reservoir 6111 Bulgaria  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Agricultural lands near Bilorets'ke (Chornozemne village) Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Aksuat Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Akzhan Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Atyazh lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Balta Albă: Amara: Jirlău Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balta Mică a Brăilei Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Balykty Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Büyükçekmece lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Beştepe: Mahmudia Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bolshoy Kak Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Braţul Borcea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Burgasko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Chauda Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Ciocăneşti: Dunăre Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dobrogei gorge Romania C1, C2, C6
Dunăre: Ostroave Romania C1, C2, C6
Durankulak Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Gediz delta Turkey A1
Gusikha river basin and lower Balakhnya river Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Haur Al Suwayqiyah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Ianca: Plopul: Sărat Romania C1, C2, C6
Iezerul Călăraşi Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands) Ukraine A1, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kaliakra Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1ii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C3, C5, C6
Kalimok Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kazachka Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Khadzhybejs'kyj lyman Ukraine A1
Kissyk area Russia (European) A1, B1i
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kugurluj and Kartal lakes Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kulaksay lowland Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kurnikov liman Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kytaj lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Brateş Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Bugeac Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Dunăreni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Fundata Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Kobi Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Oltina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Siutghiol Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Strachina Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Taşaul Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Tataru Romania C1, C2, C6
Lake Techirghiol Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Limanu: Herghelia Romania C1, C2, C6
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Makushinsky Zakaznik Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Maliy Kak Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Manychstroi area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Măxineni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Moksha flood-plain in vicinity of Krasnoslobodsk Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Moksha valley in vicinity of Temnikov Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Mouth of the river Uj Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Novotroitskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Parches-Somova wetland Romania A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Pelymsky Tuman Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4iii
Pozharevo Island Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Ptich'ye (Bird's) Lake Russia (European) A1, B1i
Sankebay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Saros bay Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Sarpinskaya lake-system Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Shabla Lake Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Shalkaro-Zhetykol'ski lake system Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Siverga lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Snake island Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i  
Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Southern part of Chograiski reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Srebarna Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Straldzha Complex Bulgaria A1, B1i, C1, C3, C6
Sulukol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Svishtov-Belene Lowland Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C3, C6
Terenkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Terkos basin Turkey A1, B1i
Terpyay-Tumus Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Trekhozerki lakes Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Ulukhkol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Upper and Middle Yuribey Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Valley of the Yorkutayakha river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4iii
Veselovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Vorono-Khoperski area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Zhaltyr Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Zhylandy Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Bolboschoenus maritimus (Prairie Bulrush)[1]
Eriophorum angustifolium (tall cottongrass)[8]
Eriophorum scheuchzeri (white cottongrass)[8]
Potamogeton fluitans[1]
Salicornia europaea (slender glasswort)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)1
Celaena haworthii (Haworth's Minor)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)1
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)1
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Artis Zoo
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bellewaerde Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Cologne Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Helsinki Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)
Lotherton Bird Garden
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Mundomar
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Nordens Ark
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Prospect Park Zoo
Ranua Wildlife Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sacramento Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Diego Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
6Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
7Wildlife As Canon Sees It
8BirdLife International (2012) Species factsheet: Branta ruficollis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/09/2012.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access