Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Branta > Branta sandvicensis

Branta sandvicensis (Nene; Hawaiian Goose)

Synonyms: Nesochen sandvicensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The nene (Branta sandvicensis), also known as nēnē and Hawaiian goose, is a species of goose endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. The official bird of the state of Hawaiʻi, the nene is exclusively found in the wild on the islands of Oahu, Maui, Kauaʻi, Molokai, and Hawaiʻi. The Hawaiian name nēnē comes from its soft call. The species name sandvicensis refers to the Sandwich Islands, an old name for the Hawaiian Islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Branta sandvicensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.44761
EDGE Score: 2.87866


Adult Weight [1]  4.51 lbs (2.05 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  91 grams
Female Weight [1]  4.25 lbs (1.93 kg)
Male Weight [1]  4.77 lbs (2.17 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  12.2 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Nectarivore, Herbivore
Diet - Nectar [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  80 %
Forages - Ground [3]  90 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Incubation [2]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  42 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical high shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Haleakala National Park II   Hawaii, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States Yes

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge bluestem)[5]
Cenchrus clandestinus (kikuyugrass)[5]
Deschampsia nubigena (alpine hairgrass)[5]
Holcus lanatus (common velvetgrass)[5]
Leptecophylla tameiameiae (pukiawe)[5]
Melinis minutiflora (puakatau)[5]
Vaccinium reticulatum (ohelo 'ai)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Myadestes obscurus (Omao)1
Myadestes palmeri (Puaiohi)1


Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[6]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Alameda Park Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Artis Zoo
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Beale Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Bioparc Valencia
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Cape May County Park Zoo
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Cologne Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Ellen Trout Zoo
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fota Wildlife Park
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mitchell Park Zoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Sea World Orlando
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tilgate Nature Centre
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH




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Attributes / relations provided by
1P. Banko, J. M. Black, & W. E. Banko. 1999. Hawaiian Goose (Nene). In The Birds of North America, No. 434. (A. Poole & F. Gill, eds.). Philadelphia, PA: The Birds of North America, Inc. 32 pp.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2