Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Chen > Chen caerulescens

Chen caerulescens (Snow Goose; Blue Goose)

Synonyms: Anser caerulescens; Anser hyperboreus
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The snow goose (Chen caerulescens), also known as the blue goose, is a North American species of goose. Its name derives from the typically white plumage. The genus of this bird is disputed.
View Wikipedia Record: Chen caerulescens


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.73508
EDGE Score: 1.31777


Adult Weight [1]  6.19 lbs (2.81 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  95 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic tundra, Arctic coastal
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread U.S.
Wintering Habitat [2]  Wetlands, Agricultural
Diet [3]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  90 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [6]  4.9 feet (1.48 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Wrangel Island arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mesa Verde National Park II 40098 Colorado, United States
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada


Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akimiski Island Canada A4i, A4iii  
Akimiski Strait Canada A4i, A4iii
Albany River Estuary and Assoc. Coastline Canada A4i, A4iii
Banks Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary Canada A4i, A4iii
Battures de Beauport and chenal de l'île d'Orléans Canada A4i, A4iii
Beaverhill Lake Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Bellshill Lake Canada A4iii
Billings cape Russia (Asian) A4i, A4iii  
Blow River Delta (Shingle Point to Tent Island) Canada A4i, A4iii  
Boas River and associated wetlands Canada A4i, A4iii
Boundary Bay: Roberts Bank: Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) Canada A4i, A4iii
Cap Tourmente Canada A4i, A4iii
Cape Henrietta Maria Canada A4i, A4iii  
Delta Marsh Canada A4i, A4iii
Ekwan to Lakitusaki Shores Canada A4i, A4iii
Foxe Basin Islands Canada A4i, A4iii
Great Plain of the Koukdjuak Canada A4i, A4iii  
Hannah Bay Canada A4i, A4iii
Hansman Lake Canada A4iii
Hay and Zama Lakes Canada A4i, A4iii
Kaskattama River Mouth Canada A4i, A4iii  
Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Mackenzie River Islands Canada A4i, A4iii
Luck Lake Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Mackenzie River Delta Canada A4i, A4iii  
Marais de Gros-Cacouna Canada A4i, A4iii
Marais de la baie de L'Isle-Verte Canada A4i, A4iii
Marais de Pointe-au-Père Canada A4i, A4iii
McConnell River Canada A4i, A4iii
Middle Mackenzie River Islands Canada A4iii
Montmagny Canada A4iii
Moose River Estuary Canada A4i, A4iii  
Nicolet et Baie-du-Fèbvre Canada A4i, A4iii
North, West, and East Shoal Lakes Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Nunaluk Spit to Herschel Island Canada A4i, A4iii  
Oak Hammock Marsh WMA Canada A4i, A4iii
Oak Lake/Plum Lakes Area Canada A4i, A4iii
Queen Maud Gulf Canada A4i, A4iii
Rasmussen Lowlands Canada A4i, A4iii
Réservoir Beaudet Canada A4iii
Saint-Vallier Canada A4iii
Severn River Coastline Canada A4iii  
Shagamu River and Area Canada A4i, A4iii  
South Shore Great Slave Lake (Slave River Delta to Taltson Bay) Canada A4i, A4iii
Southwest Bylot Canada A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
St. Lawrence Lake Canada A4iii
Sutton River Coastline Canada A4iii  
Thomsen River Canada A4i, A4iii  
Whitewater Lake Canada A4i, A4iii
Winisk River Estuary Canada A4iii  
Wrangel island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4iii  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Bistorta vivipara (alpine bistort)[7]
Carex aquatilis (water sedge)[7]
Cerastium alpinum (alpine chickweed)[7]
Dupontia fisheri (Fisher's tundragrass)[7]
Equisetum hyemale (scouring horsetail)[7]
Glycine max (soybean)[7]
Musa paradisiaca (Banana)[7]
Oryza sativa (rice)[7]
Oxytropis maydelliana (Maydell's oxytrope)[7]
Phleum pratense (common timothy)[7]
Sagittaria latifolia (Duck Potato)[7]
Salix arctica (arctic willow)[7]
Sorghum bicolor (broom-corn)[7]
Spartina alterniflora (saltmarsh cordgrass)[7]
Triglochin palustris (Marsh Arrow Grass)[7]
Zea mays (corn)[7]


Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[7]
Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear)[7]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[8]


Parasitized by 
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[9]
Amidostomum spatulatum <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[9]
Cloacotaenia megalops[9]
Dicranotaenia coronula[9]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[9]
Drepanidotaenia barrowensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[9]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[9]
Echinostoma revolutum[9]
Echinuria uncinata[9]
Epomidiostomum crami <Unverified Name>[9]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[9]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[9]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[9]
Hymenolepis barrowensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Microsomacanthus setigera <Unverified Name>[9]
Notocotylus attenuatus[9]
Parabisaccanthes philactes <Unverified Name>[9]
Platyscolex ciliata[9]
Retinometra longivaginata <Unverified Name>[9]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[9]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[9]
Tschertkovilepis krabbei <Unverified Name>[9]
Tschertkovilepis setigera <Unverified Name>[9]
Wardoides nyrocae <Unverified Name>[9]
Zygocotyle lunata[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustcaerulescens
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Bellewaerde Park
Blackbrook Zoological Parkatlanticus
Bramble Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Dakota Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiacaerulescens
Denver Zoological Gardens
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encountercaerulescens
Fota Wildlife Park
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunncaerulescens
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)caerulescens
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Potter Park Zoological Gardenscaerulescens
Ranua Wildlife Parkcaerulescens
Red River Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Parkcaerulescens
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrustcaerulescens
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tilgate Nature Centrecaerulescens
Toronto Zoocaerulescens
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Turtle Back Zoocaerulescens
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Willow Park Zoocaerulescens
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternarioatlanticus
Zoo Dresden GmbHcaerulescens
Zoo Sauvage de St-Féliciencaerulescens
Zoobotanico de Jerezatlanticus
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHcaerulescens
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Alopex lagopus, Alexandra M. Audet, C. Brian Robbins, and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 713, pp. 1–10 (2002)
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access