Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Tadorna > Tadorna tadorna
 

Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The common shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) is a waterfowl species shelduck genus Tadorna. It is widespread and common in Eurasia, mainly breeding in temperate and wintering in subtropical regions; in winter, it can also be found in the Maghreb. Its scientific name comes from Celtic roots and means "pied waterfowl", essentially the same as the English "shelduck".Fossil bones from Dorkovo (Bulgaria) described as Balcanas pliocaenica may actually belong to this species.
View Wikipedia Record: Tadorna tadorna

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.72197
EDGE Score: 1.55223

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.54 lbs (1.15 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  78 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.30 lbs (1.04 kg)
Male Weight [1]  2.78 lbs (1.26 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  20.9 %
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Clutch Size [5]  9
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Incubation [4]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  25 years
Speed [6]  34.45 MPH (15.4 m/s)
Wing Span [4]  3.7 feet (1.12 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Baie de Morlaix 67680 France    
Baie du Mont Saint Michel 117800 France  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Basses Vallées du Cotentin et Baie des Veys 83262 France  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chausey 203679 France  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
El Kala National Park V 200385 Algeria  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Estuário do Tejo 110634 Portugal  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
LA RETUERTA Y SALADAS DE SÁSTAGO 88970 Spain  
LAGUNAS DE VILLAFÁFILA 80430 Spain  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
Lacs de la forêt d'Orient 58255 France  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marais du Nord Médoc 59273 France  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mor Braz 99524 France    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Niedersächsische Mittelelbe 84041 Germany  
Niederung der Unteren Havel 69882 Germany  
Noordzeekustzone 305536 Netherlands    
Ouessant-Molène 190983 France  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Planèze de Saint Flour 62374 France  
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del 96423 Denmark  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent 606421 France  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Sologne bourbonnaise 55040 France  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Ujscie Warty 82280 Poland  
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Uudenkaupungin saaristo 140830 Finland  
Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize 61208 France  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zalew Szczecinski 116620 Poland    
Zalew Wislany 79627 Poland  
Zalew Wislany i Mierzeja Wislana 100974 Poland  
Zatoka Pucka i Pólwysep Helski 66334 Poland    
l'Albufera 72366 Spain  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool Cyprus A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2
Alyki Kitros lagoon Greece A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Ameland: Duinen-Oerd Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Azraq Jordan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balgzand Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Boon Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cap Gris-nez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Chott de Tinnsilt Algeria A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dee Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Fanø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Firth of Forth United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Frisian Wadden Sea coast Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Ganga Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Gangjin Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gordeh Git and Mamiyand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Groningen Wadden Sea coast Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Humber Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Karasor Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khomiin Tal Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kobi Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula Greece A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Medway Estuary and Marshes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Merja Zerga Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii
Mersey Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid-Essex Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Morecambe Bay United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nakdong-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nissum Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Northwestern Kattegat Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oosterschelde Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ribble and Alt Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Rogatoe Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Schiermonnikoog Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Sebkhet Baker Algeria A4i
Sebkhet Ez-Zemoul Algeria A4i
Sebkhet Kelbia Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sebkhet Sedjoumi Tunisia A4i, A4iii
Severn Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Seyhan delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shahdidi spit Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Southern part of Chograiski reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Stour and Orwell Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Suncheon Bay South Korea A1, A4i
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Terschelling: De Boschplaat Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
The Wash United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tsengeleg Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ulziitiin Sangiin Dalai Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Wadden Sea Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Yubu-do island South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Carcinus maenas (green crab)[7]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[8]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[9]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[7]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[9]
Limecola balthica (Baltic macoma)[8]
Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)[7]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[7]
Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[8]
Retusa obtusa (Arctic barrel-bubble)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Aphanius iberus (Spanish Toothcarp)1
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)3
Calidris canutus (Red Knot)2
Calidris pusilla (Semipalmated Sandpiper)1
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Chroicocephalus ridibundus (Common Black-headed Gull)2
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)3
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)2
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)4
Larus canus (Mew Gull)4
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit)3
Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit)2
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)2
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)2
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)2
Pluvialis apricaria (European Golden-Plover)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)2
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet)3
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)2

Predators

Levinseniella brachysoma[7]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[7]
Cryptocotyle lingua[7]
Deropristis inflata[7]
Himasthla continua[7]
Himasthla elongata[7]
Levinseniella brachysoma[7]
Maritrema subdolum[7]
Monorchis parvus[7]
Paramonostomum chabaudi[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]
Profilicollis botulus[7]
Psilostomum brevicolle[7]
Renicola roscovita[7]
Sacculina carcini[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[10]
Anacetabulitrema samarae[10]
Apatemon gracilis[10]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[10]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Ceratophyllus igii[11]
Cloacotaenia megalops[10]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cryptocotyle concava[10]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[7]
Cryptocotyle lingua[7]
Dicranotaenia coronula[10]
Diorchis elisae <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis endacantha <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis inflata[10]
Diorchis nyrocae <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis parvogenitalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle rosseteri[10]
Echinocotyle ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[10]
Echinostoma revolutum[10]
Echinuria pamirica <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinuria uncinata[10]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[10]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[10]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[10]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[10]
Fimbriarioides tadornae <Unverified Name>[10]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[10]
Gymnophallus choledochus[7]
Gymnophallus deliciosus[10]
Gymnophallus somateriae[7]
Hamatolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[10]
Himasthla continua[7]
Himasthla elongata[7]
Hymenolepis megalops <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis nyrocae <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis simplex <Unverified Name>[10]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[10]
Lacunovermis macomae[7]
Levinseniella brachysoma[10]
Levinseniella bucephala <Unverified Name>[10]
Maritrema oocysta[7]
Maritrema subdolum[7]
Microphallus pirum[7]
Microphallus pygmaeus[7]
Microsomacanthus arcuata <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus spiralicirrata <Unverified Name>[10]
Monotestilepis tadornae <Unverified Name>[10]
Notocotylus attenuatus[10]
Paramonostomum alveatum[10]
Paramonostomum bucephalae[10]
Paramonostomum chabaudi[7]
Paramonostomum pseudoalveatum[10]
Parvatrema minutum[7]
Psilochasmus oxyurus[7]
Psilostomum brevicolle[7]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[11]
Renicola roscovita[7]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[10]
Sobolevicanthus octacantha <Unverified Name>[10]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Typhlocoelum cucumerinum[10]
Typhlocoelum cymbium[10]
Wardium aequabilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Wardium creplini <Unverified Name>[10]
Wardoides nyrocae <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
African Safari
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
DSI Givskud Zoo
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Ellen Trout Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fota Wildlife Park
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Inokashira Park Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lotherton Bird Garden
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mitchell Park Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Quinzinho de Barros
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tilgate Nature Centre
Touroparc
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4British Trust for Ornithology 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8Predation of the shelduck Tadorna tadorna on the mud snail Hydrobia ulvae, N. R. Anders, T. Churchyard, J. G. Hiddink, Aquat Ecol 2009, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1193-1199 9Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access