Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Anas > Anas platyrhynchos
 

Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)

Synonyms: Anas oustaleti
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Mallard or Wild Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is a dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to New Zealand and Australia. This duck belongs to the subfamily Anatinae of the waterfowl family Anatidae. The male birds (drakes) have a glossy green head and are grey on wings and belly, while the females have mainly brown-speckled plumage.
View Wikipedia Record: Anas platyrhynchos

Infraspecies

Anas platyrhynchos conboschas (Greenland mallard)
Anas platyrhynchos diazi (Mexican duck) (Attributes)
Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos (Common mallard)

Invasive Species

The mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) is the most common and widely distributed dabbling duck, having a widespread global distribution throughout the northern hemisphere. This migratory species is a highly valued game bird and the source of all domestic ducks with the exception of the Muscovy. Introductions and range expansions of A. platyrhynchos for game purposes pose a threat of competition and hybridization to native waterfowl. Also, recent studies hold the mallard as a likely vector for the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) (H5N1).
View ISSG Record: Anas platyrhynchos

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
4
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.18063
EDGE Score: 0.779614

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.58 lbs (1.17 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  33 grams
Female Weight [2]  2.41 lbs (1.10 kg)
Male Weight [2]  2.75 lbs (1.25 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  13.8 %
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  11
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  29 years
Speed [5]  41.38 MPH (18.5 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal
Wing Span [5]  35 inches (.88 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Hawaii scrub United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands    
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Camargue 546256 France  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes 349412 Spain  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Achinskoe Lake Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Aksu River basin China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ampurdán marshes Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Amudarya floodlands near Termez Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Bachu Oasis China (mainland) A4i, A4iii
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Boundary Bay: Roberts Bank: Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) Canada A4i, A4iii
Burukshunskiye limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Cache and Lower White Rivers USA A4i
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Chardara Reservoir Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Cheonsu Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii  
Chokrak-Tutly Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Cumberland Marshes Canada A4i, A4iii
Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Danube reach between Gönyí» and Szob Hungary A4iii, B1i
Delta Marsh Canada A4i, A4iii
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Dengizkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Dez river marshes and plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Dnipro delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dongjin estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Donglim reservoir South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Eagle, Namaka and Stobart Lakes Canada A4i, A4iii
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Gangjin Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Geum-gang river and estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Geumho-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gocheonam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Gurtli Turkmenistan A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Han-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i
Han-gang river South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Head Qadirabad Game Reserve Pakistan A4i, A4iii
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hongfeng Hu and Baihua Hu China (mainland) A4i, A4iii
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 10 Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Jarsay: Khangui Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Jelas field including fishponds and wet pastures along Sava RIver Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Junam reservoir South Korea A1, A4i
Kaftar lake Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Kamsko-Ikski area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kanjli Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Karakyr Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Karnabchul Steppe Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kayrakkum Reservoir Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ketteshor: Ramankol Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kis-Sárrét Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Krasnodarskoye reservoir Russia (European) A4iii, B1i
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kyivs'ke reservoir Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Balaton Hungary A4i, B1i
Lake Hyoko Japan A4i, A4iii
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake system near Lotoshnoye village Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lakes Oyama Kamiike and Shimoike Japan A4i, A4iii
Lal Sohanra National Park Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Long Point Peninsula and Marshes Canada A4i, A4iii
Lower reaches of the Karatal River Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lunca Siretului Mijlociu Romania C3, C4
Mahzam and Lake Tharthar Iraq A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mangla Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Mangyeong estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Marala Game Reserve Pakistan A4i, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Montezuma Wetlands Complex USA A4i
Nakdong-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nysa reservoir Poland C3, C4
Oak Hammock Marsh WMA Canada A4i, A4iii
Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Pokupski pool Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ried de Colmar et Sélestat France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4, C6
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Drava Slovenia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Sárvíz Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Senné Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Shabla Lake Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Shahdidi spit Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Sihwa-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Slnava Slovakia A4iii, B1i
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Straldzha Complex Bulgaria A1, B1i, C1, C3, C6
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Surski reservoir Russia (European) A1, B1i
Syslovské fields Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Talimarzhan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Tierra de Campos steppes Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tumen River at Jingxin-Fangchuan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Turkmenbashy Bay Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Tuyabuguz Reservoir Uzbekistan A4i, A4iii
Upo swamp South Korea A1, A4i
Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Valley of Terek River (Mozdokski District) Russia (European) B1i
Varnavinsko-Kryukovskaya irrigation system Russia (European) A4i, B1i, B2
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Veselovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Villafáfila Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Warta River Mouth Poland C2, C3, C4, C6
Whitewater Lake Canada A4i, A4iii
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yeongam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i
Yuzhno-Surkhan (South-Surkhan) Reservoir Uzbekistan A4i, A4iii
Zemplí­nska Sí­rava Slovakia A4i, A4iii, B1i
Zeyit: Kelif Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Acilius sulcatus[6]
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[7]
Anax junius (green darner)[7]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[7]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[7]
Carex rostrata (beaked sedge)[6]
Cephalanthus tetrandra (Buttonbush)[7]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[7]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[7]
Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-pye Weed)[7]
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)[7]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[7]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[8]
Heteromastus filiformis (draadworm)[8]
Ischnura posita (Fragile forktail)[7]
Lampsilis radiata (eastern lampmussel)[7]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[6]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[7]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[7]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[7]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[7]
Lithobates pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog)[9]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[7]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[10]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[7]
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)[7]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[7]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[7]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[7]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[7]
Potamogeton nodosus (long-leaf pondweed)[7]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[7]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[7]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[7]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[7]
Rana aurora (Northern Red-legged Frog)[10]
Rana boylii (Foothill Yellow-legged Frog)[10]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[10]
Salix nigra (black willow)[7]
Scoloplos armiger (wapenworm)[8]
Triglochin maritima (Sea Arrow Grass)[11]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[7]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[7]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[7]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[7]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)7
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)4
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)15
Alopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian Goose)2
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)2
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)4
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)2
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)5
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)5
Anser anser (Greylag Goose)2
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)2
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)2
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)8
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)4
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)5
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)10
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)4
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)2
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)3
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)4
Castor canadensis (american beaver)8
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)2
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)11
Chroicocephalus ridibundus (Common Black-headed Gull)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)6
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)2
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)7
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)2
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)4
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)6
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)9
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)8
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)2
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)2
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)4
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)3
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)2
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)4
Grus grus (Common Crane)2
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)3
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)2
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)10
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)3
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit)2
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)6
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)4
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)3
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)7
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)11
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)7
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)9
Microtus agrestis (field vole)2
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)6
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)5
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)3
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)5
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)4
Notonecta glauca (Water boatman)2
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)6
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)13
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)13
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)6
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)5
Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper)3
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)3
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)4
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)4
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)3
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)2
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)6
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)11
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)2
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)3
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)2
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)9
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)3
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)2
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)7
Strix varia (Barred Owl)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)4
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)8
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)5
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)4
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)4
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)2
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4

Predators

Bubo blakistoni (Blakiston's Fish Owl)[12]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[13]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[7]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[7]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[7]
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)[14]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[7]
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[15]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[7]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[7]

Providers

Shelter 
Hibiscus moscheutos (crimsoneyed rosemallow)[7]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[7]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[7]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[7]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[7]
Urtica dioica (California nettle)[6]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[7]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[7]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[7]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[7]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus ranae[16]
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[16]
Amidostomum acutum[16]
Amidostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[16]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[16]
Amidostomum orientale <Unverified Name>[16]
Amphimerus anatis <Unverified Name>[16]
Anacetabulitrema samarae[16]
Anomotaenia ciliata <Unverified Name>[16]
Apatemon gracilis[16]
Apatemon japonicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Apatemon minor <Unverified Name>[16]
Apatemon parvitestis <Unverified Name>[16]
Aploparaksis endacantha <Unverified Name>[16]
Aploparaksis furcigera[16]
Aploparaksis japonensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Ascaridia lineata <Unverified Name>[16]
Avioserpens taiwanica <Unverified Name>[16]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[16]
Baruscapillaria podicipitis <Unverified Name>[16]
Baylisascaris procyonis[16]
Bilharziella polonica[16]
Bisaccanthes bisaccata <Unverified Name>[16]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[16]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[16]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[16]
Catatropis joyeuxi <Unverified Name>[16]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[16]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[17]
Ceratophyllus garei[17]
Cladogynia pittalugai <Unverified Name>[16]
Cloacotaenia megalops[16]
Corynosoma constrictum[16]
Cotylotretus cubanicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylotretus grandis <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus brevis <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus flabelliformis[16]
Cotylurus gallinulae <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus hebraicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus japonicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Cotylurus szidati <Unverified Name>[16]
Cryptocotyle concava[16]
Cryptocotyle lingua[16]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[17]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[17]
Cyathocotyle bushiensis[16]
Cyathocotyle melanittae <Unverified Name>[16]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[16]
Cyathocotyle szidatiana <Unverified Name>[16]
Cyathocotyloides curonensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Cyclocoelum microstomum <Unverified Name>[16]
Dendritobilharzia anatinarum <Unverified Name>[16]
Dendritobilharzia pulverulenta[16]
Dicranotaenia coronula[16]
Dicranotaenia introversa <Unverified Name>[16]
Dicranotaenia sacciperium <Unverified Name>[16]
Dicranotaenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[16]
Dilepis undula[16]
Diorchis acuminata <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis asiatica <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis bulbodes <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis elisae <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis formosensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis inflata[16]
Diorchis longibursa <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis nyrocae <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis nyrocoides <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis parvogenitalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis ransomi <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis spinata <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[16]
Diorchis tuvensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Diploposthe laevis[16]
Drepanidolepis anatina <Unverified Name>[16]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[16]
Drepanidotaenia nyrocae <Unverified Name>[16]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[17]
Echinatrium tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinochasmus beleocephalus <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinochasmus coaxatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinocotyle anatina <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinocotyle echinocotyle <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinocotyle rosseteri[16]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium baculus <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium clerci <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium nordianum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium petrowi <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[16]
Echinoparyphium westsibiricum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinorhynchus stellaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma anseris <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma bhattacharyai <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma echinatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma grandis <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma kashmirensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma miyagawai <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma novum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma paraulum[16]
Echinostoma revolutum[16]
Echinostoma robustum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinostoma turkestanicum <Unverified Name>[16]
Echinuria uncinata[16]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[16]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[16]
Epomidiostomum serratum <Unverified Name>[16]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Erschoviorchis lintoni <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucoleus annulatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucoleus perforans <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucotyle cohni <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucotyle popowi <Unverified Name>[16]
Eucotyle zakharowi <Unverified Name>[16]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[16]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[16]
Filicollis anatis[16]
Fimbriaria czaplinskii <Unverified Name>[16]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[16]
Gastrotaenia cygni <Unverified Name>[16]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[16]
Gigantobilharzia sturniae <Unverified Name>[16]
Gymnophallus choledochus[16]
Hamatolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[16]
Haploporaxis japonensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Hepatiarius longissimus <Unverified Name>[16]
Heterakis gallinarum[16]
Himasthla elongata[16]
Holomenopon leucoxanthum[18]
Holostephanus dubius <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis abortiva <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis acicula <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis andularostris <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis apicaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis cambrensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis collaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis coronulan <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis fausti <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis formosa <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis giranensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis guadeloupensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis infrequens <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis introversa <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis jagerskioldi <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis jamunicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis macrocephala <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis macrostrobiloides <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis megalohystera <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis meggitti <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis nyrocae <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis paracompressa <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis parvula <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis pittalugai <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis rangoonica <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis rosseteri <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis sacciperium <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis sagitta <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis spiralibursata <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis trichorhynchus <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis trifolium <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis tuvensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis venusta <Unverified Name>[16]
Hymenolepis wardlei <Unverified Name>[16]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[16]
Hypoderaeum gnedini <Unverified Name>[16]
Hypoderaeum vigi <Unverified Name>[16]
Hyptiasmus arcuatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Hystrichis tricolor <Unverified Name>[16]
Lateriporus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[16]
Laterotrema arenula <Unverified Name>[16]
Leucochloridiomorpha constantiae <Unverified Name>[16]
Levinseniella brachysoma[16]
Levinseniella propinqua[16]
Ligula intestinalis[16]
Maritrema subdolum[16]
Mayhewia macroovata <Unverified Name>[16]
Megabothris turbidus[17]
Metechinostoma amurensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Metorchis bilis <Unverified Name>[16]
Metorchis orientalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Metorchis xanthostomus[16]
Microphallus claviformes[16]
Microsomacanthus abortiva[16]
Microsomacanthus baeri <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus compressa <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus microsoma[16]
Microsomacanthus pachycephala <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus paracompressa <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus paramicrosoma <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus parvula <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus spiralibursata <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus teresoides <Unverified Name>[16]
Microsomacanthus tritesticulatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Moliniella anceps <Unverified Name>[16]
Monostomum minutissimum <Unverified Name>[16]
Myxolepis collaris <Unverified Name>[16]
Neodiplostomum spathula <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus attenuatus[16]
Notocotylus chionis[16]
Notocotylus ephemera <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus hsui <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus imbricatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus linearis <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus magniovatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Notocotylus skrjabini[16]
Ophthalmophagus nasicola <Unverified Name>[16]
Opisthorchis geminus <Unverified Name>[16]
Opisthorchis longissimus <Unverified Name>[16]
Opisthorchis simulans <Unverified Name>[16]
Orchipedum tracheicola[16]
Paramonostomum alveatum[16]
Paramonostomum anatis[16]
Paramonostomum bucephalae[16]
Paramonostomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[16]
Paramonostomum pseudoalveatum[16]
Parastrigea anati <Unverified Name>[16]
Parastrigea robusta[16]
Parorchis gedoelsti <Unverified Name>[16]
Passerilepis macroovatus <Unverified Name>[16]
Petasiger jubilarum <Unverified Name>[16]
Philophthalmus anatinus <Unverified Name>[16]
Philophthalmus intestinalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Philophthalmus lucipetus[16]
Philophthalmus muraschkinzevi <Unverified Name>[16]
Philophthalmus posaviniensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Philophthalmus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[16]
Plagiorchis elegans[16]
Plagiorchis multiglandularis <Unverified Name>[16]
Plagiorchis potanini <Unverified Name>[16]
Platyscolex ciliata[16]
Polymorphus acutis[16]
Polymorphus chongqingensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Polymorphus diploinflatus[16]
Polymorphus magnus[16]
Polymorphus minutus[16]
Polymorphus obtusus[16]
Polymorphus paradoxus[16]
Polymorphus trochus[16]
Porrocaecum crassum <Unverified Name>[16]
Prohyptiasmus robustus <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus anatinus <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[16]
Prosthogonimus japonicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus orientalis <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[16]
Prosthogonimus pellucidus <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus rudolphii <Unverified Name>[16]
Prosthogonimus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[16]
Pseudalius inflexus[16]
Pseudechinostomum indicum <Unverified Name>[16]
Pseudechinostomum srinagrensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Pseudobilharziella kowalewski <Unverified Name>[16]
Psilochasmus indicus <Unverified Name>[16]
Psilochasmus longicirratus[16]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[17]
Pygiopsylla hoplia[17]
Retinometra macracanthos <Unverified Name>[16]
Retinometra skrjabini[16]
Retinometra venusta[16]
Rostelugnia fastigata <Unverified Name>[16]
Schillerius elisae <Unverified Name>[16]
Schillerius ransomi <Unverified Name>[16]
Schistocephalus solidus[16]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus aculeostyleticus <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus dafilae <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus filumferens <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[16]
Sobolevicanthus krabbeella <Unverified Name>[16]
Sobolevicanthus octacantha <Unverified Name>[16]
Sphaeridiotrema globulus[16]
Sphaeridiotrema monorchis <Unverified Name>[16]
Sphenacanthus venusta <Unverified Name>[16]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[17]
Stictodora sawakinensis[16]
Streptocara californica <Unverified Name>[16]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[16]
Streptocara formosensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Streptocara incognita <Unverified Name>[16]
Strigea falconis[16]
Taenia conica <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetrameres crami <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetrameres fissispina <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetrameres mohtedai <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetrameres ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[16]
Tetrameres striata <Unverified Name>[16]
Thominx anatis <Unverified Name>[16]
Thominx contorta <Unverified Name>[16]
Tracheophilus cymbium[16]
Tracheophilus sisowi[16]
Trichobilharzia brevis <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichobilharzia jianensis <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichobilharzia kowalewskii <Unverified Name>[16]
Trichobilharzia ocellata[16]
Trichobilharzia physellae[16]
Trichobilharzia regenti <Unverified Name>[16]
Trinoton querquedulae[18]
Tschertkovilepis setigera <Unverified Name>[16]
Tylodelphys excavata <Unverified Name>[16]
Typhlocoelum cucumerinum[16]
Typhlocoelum cymbium[16]
Typhlocoelum sisowi <Unverified Name>[16]
Unciunia ciliata <Unverified Name>[16]
Zygocotyle ceratosa <Unverified Name>[16]
Zygocotyle lunata[16]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Parkdomestic call
Albuquerque Biological Parkdomestic
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Assiniboine Park Zoodomestic indian_runner
 platyrhynchos
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Barranquilla Zoo
Beale Parklaysanensis
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkdomestic cayuga
 domestic indian_runner
Blackbrook Zoological Parklaysanensis
 wyvilliana
Blackpool Zoodomestic call
 domestic indian_runner
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moinesdomestic rouen_clair
Boras Djurpark Zoodomestic
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoodomestic indian_runner
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centredomestic
Bronx Children's Zoodomestic
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
 domestic indian_runner
 platyrhynchos
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Cango Wildlife Ranchdomestic call
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrustlaysanensis
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustlaysanensis
Chahinkapa Zoodomestic
 domestic cayuga
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Parkdomestic
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.domestic call
Chicago Zoological Parkdomestic
 domestic call
 domestic cayuga
 domestic crested
 domestic indian_runner
 domestic khaki_campbell
Children's Zoo at Celebration Squaredomestic
 domestic khaki_campbell
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardendomestic indian_runner
 laysanensis
Cologne Zoodomestic
 laysanensis
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumdomestic
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoodomestic
Cosley Zoo
 domestic
 domestic cayuga
 domestic crested
 domestic indian_runner
 domestic khaki_campbell
 domestic orpington
 domestic rouen_clair
 domestic white_pekin
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
 laysanensis
Dallas Zoo
 domestic
 domestic call
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Dickerson Park Zoodomestic
 domestic indian_runner
Disney's Animal Kingdomdomestic indian_runner
Drusillas Zoo Parklaysanensis
Dudley Zoological Gardensdomestic
 laysanensis
Emerald Safari Resortdomestic
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Exmoor Zoological Parklaysanensis
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
 platyrhynchos
Flamingo Land LTDdomestic
 laysanensis
Florida Aquarium
Fort Worth Zoological Parklaysanensis
Fresno Chaffee Zoolaysanensis
Giza Zoological Garden
 domestic white_pekin
Greenville Zoo
 domestic
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
 domestic
Harewood Bird Garden at Leedslaysanensis
Hattiesburg Zooplatyrhynchos
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Honolulu Zoo
 domestic rouen_clair
 domestic white_pekin
 laysanensis
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Houston Zoo, Inc.domestic
 domestic rouen_clair
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensdomestic call
 domestic crested
 domestic indian_runner
Jurong Birdpark, Singaporelaysanensis
Jyllands Park Zoodomestic indian_runner
 domestic orpington
Kaliningrad Zooplatyrhynchos
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)domestic indian_runner
 laysanensis
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensdomestic cayuga
Lotherton Bird Gardenlaysanensis
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustlaysanensis
Marwell Wildlifelaysanensis
Maryland Zoo in Baltimoredomestic indian_runner
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunndomestic indian_runner
Melbourne Zoodomestic indian_runner
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumdomestic
 domestic call
 domestic white_pekin
Mesker Park Zoodomestic
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzplatyrhynchos
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawplatyrhynchos
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
 domestic indian_runner
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensdomestic
 laysanensis
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Mitchell Park Zoolaysanensis
Moonridge Animal Park
 platyrhynchos
Moscow Zoological Park
 laysanensis
Moulton Collegedomestic
 domestic aylesbury
 domestic indian_runner
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africadomestic
National Aviary in Pittsburghdomestic call
 domestic indian_runner
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbHdomestic indian_runner
NEW Zoodomestic
Niabi Zoo
Noah's Ark Zoo Farmdomestic aylesbury
 domestic indian_runner
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
 laysanensis
Nordens Arklaysanensis
North of England Zoological Societylaysanensis
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oatland Island Wildlife Centerdomestic
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Parklaysanensis
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoolaysanensis
Oregon Zoodomestic indian_runner
 domestic svensk_bla_anka
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parklaysanensis
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
 domestic
 domestic white_pekin
 laysanensis
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 platyrhynchos
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilledomestic indian_runner
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)laysanensis
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
 domestic
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limitedlaysanensis
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumplatyrhynchos
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquariumdomestic indian_runner
Project Wildlife
 domestic
Pueblo Zoo
 domestic
 domestic orpington
Queens Zoodomestic
 domestic cayuga
 domestic crested
 domestic orpington
Racine Zoological Gardens
Ranua Wildlife Park
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Red River Zoo
 domestic
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safaridomestic indian_runner
Riga Zoodomestic
Riverside Zoo
Riverview Park & Zoodomestic
Rodbaston Collegedomestic indian_runner
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventuredomestic
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
 platyrhynchos
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarlaysanensis
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Ana Zoo
 domestic saxon
 platyrhynchos
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Scovill Zoodomestic call
 domestic crested
Sedgwick County Zoodomestic cayuga
 domestic crested
 domestic indian_runner
 domestic khaki_campbell
Seneca Park Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Parkdomestic cayuga
Silver Springs Park
 domestic
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.domestic
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrustdomestic call
 laysanensis
 wyvilliana
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royaldomestic cayuga
 domestic indian_runner
 domestic white_pekin
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoodomestic
Tautphaus Park Zoodomestic call
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Texas Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoodomestic
 domestic indian_runner
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensplatyrhynchos
Tilgate Nature Centrelaysanensis
Touroparc
Tracy Aviarydomestic indian_runner
Tropical Butterfly Housedomestic
 domestic aylesbury
 domestic call
 domestic crested
Turtle Back Zoo
Tygerberg Zooparklaysanensis
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 domestic indian_runner
 domestic mini
Umgeni River Bird Park
 domestic
Utica Zoodomestic cayuga
 domestic indian_runner
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerdomestic rouen_clair
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WTdomestic call
 domestic crested
 domestic indian_runner
 laysanensis
Welsh Mountain Zoodomestic
 laysanensis
Wildlife Safari Incdomestic
Willow Park Zoo
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariodomestic
 laysanensis
 platyrhynchos
 wyvilliana
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stenalaysanensis
Zoo of Acadiana
 domestic indian_runner
Zoo Zürichdomestic
Zoobotanico de Jerezplatyrhynchos
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublindomestic call
 domestic indian_runner
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravalaysanensis
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavadomestic
Zoologicka zahrada Libereclaysanensis
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenlaysanensis
 wyvilliana
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHdomestic
 domestic mini
 laysanensis
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
 domestic
 platyrhynchos
 wyvilliana
Zoologischer Garten Leipziglaysanensis
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgdomestic indian_runner
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.
ZooMontana

Range Map

Africa; Cape Peninsula National Park; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Southern Asia; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2007-01-23, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Drilling, N., R. Titman, and F. McKinney. 2002. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). In The Birds of North America, no. 658 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Birds of North America Inc., Philadelphia 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Ecology of Commanster 7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 8Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 9SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR THE NORTHERN LEOPARD FROG (RANA PIPIENS) IN WYOMING, BRIAN E. SMITH AND DOUG KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, January 2004 10Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 11Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 12Blakiston’s Fish-owl, BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. 13DIET OF THE GREAT HORNED OWL IN THE CRESTON VALLEY, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1998 - 2005, Linda M. Van Damme, Wildlife Afield 2:2 December 2005, pp. 73-78 14Feeding Ecology of the Spanish Lynx in the Coto Doñana, Miguel Delibes, ACTA THERIOLOGICA Vol. 25, 24: 309-324, 1980 15Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003) 16Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 17International Flea Database 18Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011