Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Anas > Anas strepera
 

Anas strepera (Gadwall)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The gadwall (Anas strepera) is a common and widespread duck of the family Anatidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Anas strepera

Infraspecies

Anas strepera couesi (Coue's gadwall)
Anas strepera strepera (Common gadwall)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.49941
EDGE Score: 1.25259

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.02 lbs (917 g)
Birth Weight [3]  36 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.91 lbs (866 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.13 lbs (968 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  11.8 %
Female Maturity [3]  8 months
Male Maturity [3]  8 months
Breeding Habitat [2]  Prairie wetlands, Freshwater marshes
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread U.S./Mexico
Wintering Habitat [2]  Wetlands
Diet [4]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [4]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  80 %
Clutch Size [5]  10
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  3,100,000
Incubation [3]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  22 years
Wing Span [6]  35 inches (.9 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Polynesian tropical moist forests United States, Kiribati, New Zealand, Tuvalu Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Camargue 546256 France  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
El Kala National Park V 200385 Algeria  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ostoja Drawska 380310 Poland  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir Switzerland A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Abberton Reservoir United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Aila Beel Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Amirkelayeh lake Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Avon Valley United Kingdom A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Ayeyarwaddy River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Bafa lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Baquba wetlands Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Bielaje fish farm Belarus A1, B2, B3
Biesbosch Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brenne centrale France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Broadland United Kingdom B1i, B2, C3, C6  
Bykovo lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cang Shan Er Hai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3, A4i
Cao Hai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Carska bara Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Chernoye Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Darkhad Depression Mongolia A1, A4i
Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde Belgium A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Gallocanta lake Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Garet el-Haaies el Beni Mohammed Algeria A4i
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haçli lake Turkey A4i, B1i, B2
Hakaluki Haor Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Hammal Katchery Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Haringvliet Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Haushiya Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Al Sa'adiyah Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands Czech Republic B2, C6
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hollands Diep Netherlands A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hornsea Mere United Kingdom A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Ikva river valley Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2
Ilfov reservoir Romania C1, C2, C3, C4
Izeh and Sheikho lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Jamuna-Brahmaputra river Bangladesh A1, A4i
Kamsko-Ikski area Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kanjli Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Klingnau reservoir Switzerland B1i
Koigi Estonia B1i, C3, C6
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk Belgium A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C6
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kurtan Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
La Dombes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Lac Fetzara Algeria A4i, A4iii
Lac Oubeïra Algeria A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lac Tonga Algeria A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Constance: Bay of Ermatingen Switzerland A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Fertő Hungary A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Gooimeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake IJsselmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Volkerak Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lapoo: Zargmarz ab-bandans Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Lauwersmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Lea Valley United Kingdom B1i, C3, C6
Loch Leven United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4
Lower Derwent Valley United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Lower Odra river valley Poland C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Man'yass lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Maribo lakes Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Markiezaat Netherlands B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Mehboob Shah Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Merja Zerga Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Muhuri Dam Bangladesh A4i
Mullutu Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) India A1, A4i, A4iii
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Oostvaardersplassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Oril' river valley Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Oude Venen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Ouse Washes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Paliessie fish farm Belarus B2, B3
Patna Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Plaine du Forez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Poodri Czech Republic A4iii, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Rezabinec pond Czech Republic B1i, B2, C3
River Ebro dam Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3
Rutland Water United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, C3, C4
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Schuch'i lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Schuch'ye lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sebkhet Kelbia Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sialiec Belarus A1, B2, B3
Siiksaare-Oessaare bays Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Sodalıgöl (Arin Lake) Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Somerset Levels and Moors United Kingdom B1i, B2, C3, C6
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
South-west London Waterbodies United Kingdom B1i, C3, C6
Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen Austria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Stekleney Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Suomenoja Finland B2, C6
Susangerd marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sutu bay Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Tanguar Haor and Panabeel Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Valli di Argenta Italy A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vyhanaščanskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Zegge Belgium B1i, C3
Zehunský rybník pond Czech Republic B2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Bolboschoenus robustus (saltmarsh bulrush)[7]
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort)[7]
Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)[7]
Cyperus odoratus (fragrant flatsedge)[7]
Distichlis spicata (marsh spikegrass)[7]
Echinochloa walteri (walter's barnyard grass)[7]
Eleocharis parvula (dwarf spikerush)[7]
Lachnanthes caroliniana (redroot)[7]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[7]
Myriophyllum spicatum (myriophylle en epi)[7]
Panicum dichotomiflorum (fall panicum)[7]
Persicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)[7]
Ruppia cirrhosa (spiral ditchgrass)[7]
Stuckenia pectinata (sago pondweed)[7]
Zannichellia palustris (horned poolmat)[7]

Predators

Canis latrans (Coyote)[7]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[7]
Homo sapiens (man)[7]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[8]
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[9]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[10]
Amidostomum acutum[10]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[10]
Amphimerus anatis <Unverified Name>[10]
Apatemon gracilis[10]
Aploparaksis furcigera[10]
Aploparaksis veitchi <Unverified Name>[10]
Bilharziella polonica[10]
Bisaccanthes bisaccata <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Cloacotaenia megalops[10]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[10]
Cotylurus brevis <Unverified Name>[10]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyathocotyle bushiensis[10]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyclocoelum brasilianum <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyclocoelum mutabile[10]
Dicranotaenia coronula[10]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis asiatica <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis brevis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis elisae <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis endacantha <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis inflata[10]
Diorchis parvogenitalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis ransomi <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis spinata <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[10]
Diorchis tschanensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diploposthe laevis[10]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinochasmus coaxatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle clerci <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle rosseteri[10]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[10]
Echinostoma paraulum[10]
Echinostoma revolutum[10]
Echinuria uncinata[10]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[10]
Epomidiostomum crami <Unverified Name>[10]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucotyle zakharowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[10]
Gastrotaenia cygni <Unverified Name>[10]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[10]
Hamatolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Hispaniolepis arcuata <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[10]
Hyptiasmus witenbergi <Unverified Name>[10]
Lateriporus clerci[10]
Lateriporus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Maritrema subdolum[10]
Metorchis xanthostomus[10]
Microsomacanthus baeri <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus compressa <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus melanittae <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus pachycephala <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus paracompressa <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus paramicrosoma <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus teresoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Microsomacanthus trifolium <Unverified Name>[10]
Monosaccanthes strepterae <Unverified Name>[10]
Notocotylus attenuatus[10]
Notocotylus magniovatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Opisthorchis simulans <Unverified Name>[10]
Paramonostomum alveatum[10]
Paramonostomum anatis[10]
Paramonostomum pseudoalveatum[10]
Platyscolex ciliata[10]
Polymorphus acutis[10]
Polymorphus minutus[10]
Prosthogonimus anatinus <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Prosthogonimus rijikowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Raillietina cyrtus <Unverified Name>[10]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[10]
Sobolevicanthus bisaccatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[10]
Sobolevicanthus krabbeella <Unverified Name>[10]
Sobolevicanthus octacantha <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaeridiotrema globulus[10]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx anatis <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx spinulosum <Unverified Name>[10]
Trichobilharzia ocellata[10]
Typhlocoelum cymbium[10]
Typhlocoelum sisowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Unciunia ciliata <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoo
 strepera
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cologne Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiastrepera
Ellen Trout Zoo
Fota Wildlife Park
Guadalajara Zoo
Inokashira Park Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Parc des Oiseaux
 strepera
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
 strepera
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Project Wildlife
Saint Louis Zoological Parkstrepera
Salisbury Zoological Park
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Parkstrepera
Tallinn Zoo
Tilgate Nature Centre
Tracy Aviary
Turtle Back Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Willow Park Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenstrepera
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigstrepera

Range Map

North America; Oceania; Tsavo National Park; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Leschack, CR, SK Mcknight, and GR Hepp. 1997. Gadwall (Anas strepera). In The Birds of North America, no. 283 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183
9Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access