Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Anas > Anas acuta
 

Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)

Synonyms: Anas acuta acuta
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The pintail or northern pintail (Anas acuta) is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe, Asia and North America. It is migratory and winters south of its breeding range to the equator.
View Wikipedia Record: Anas acuta

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.16622
EDGE Score: 1.15254

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.09 lbs (946 g)
Birth Weight [3]  26 grams
Female Weight [2]  1.96 lbs (887 g)
Male Weight [2]  2.22 lbs (1.01 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  13.4 %
Female Maturity [3]  8 months
Male Maturity [3]  8 months
Clutch Size [4]  8
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Incubation [3]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  27 years
Speed [5]  46.08 MPH (20.6 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Wing Span [5]  35 inches (.90 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carolines tropical moist forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Marianas tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Hawaii scrub United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palau tropical moist forests Palau Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yap tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Camargue 546256 France  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Abukumagawa river Japan A4i
Aila Beel Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Baie de Saint-Brieuc France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Baie de Vilaine France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balgzand Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Barrage de la Cheffia Algeria A4i, A4iii  
Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Basses Vallées Angevines France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Big Piskwanish Point Canada A4iii  
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Boundary Bay: Roberts Bank: Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary) Canada A4i, A4iii
Burry Inlet United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Candaba swamp Philippines A1, A4i, A4iii
Cap Gris-nez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Catahoula, Dewey Wills, and Three Rivers USA A4i
Cheonsu Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii  
Chiya wetland Niger A4i, A4iii
Dee Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Diawling National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Djoudj wetlands Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Domaine d'Orx France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Dorudsan dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Duddon Estuary United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde Belgium A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6  
Estuaire de la Loire France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Fanø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Fiilsø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Flood-plain of Algashka river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Forty islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Hadejia-Nguru wetlands Nigeria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Hakaluki Haor Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
IJzervallei-De Blankaart Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Izeh and Sheikho lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Izunuma and nearby lakes Japan A4i, A4iii
Jamuna-Brahmaputra river Bangladesh A1, A4i
Kaftar lake Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Kanjli Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kava valley Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kharchinskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kizlyar Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Kolyma delta Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Kolyma-Alazeya lowland Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Korfa bay (northern part) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Krishnarajasagar Reservoir India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
La Dombes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac d'Aleg Mauritania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lac Débo: Lac Oualado Débo Mali A3, A4i, A4iii
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac de Mâl Mauritania A4i, A4iii
Lac Faguibine Mali A1, A4i, A4iii
Lac Horo Mali A1, A4i, A4iii
Lahemaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Chad Chad A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Fitri Chad A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Hornborgasjön Sweden A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C2, C3, C5, C6
Lake Hyoko Japan A4i, A4iii
Lake Komukeko and Lake Shibunotsunaiko Japan A4i  
Lake Maga Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Volkerak Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lauwersmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Loch of Isbister United Kingdom C7  
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lubans and fish-ponds Latvia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Marais de Brière France B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars France B1i, C3
Marais et forêt d'Olonne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Martin Mere United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Mawarizeki and Sunazawa reservoir Japan A4i
Medway Estuary and Marshes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Mersey Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mill Dam, Shapinsay United Kingdom C7  
Mogamigawa estuary Japan A4i, A4iii
Morecambe Bay United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Muhuri Dam Bangladesh A4i
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) India A1, A4i, A4iii
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Nene Washes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
North Norfolk Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oosterschelde Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oostvaardersplassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Otomonuma reservoir Japan A4i, A4iii
Oulu region wetlands Finland A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ouse Washes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Parapol'skiy valley Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Patna Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Petrocrepost' Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Pori archipelago and wetlands Finland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pugri Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor) China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Queen Maud Gulf Canada A4i, A4iii
Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Rasool Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A4i, A4iii
Rømø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Ribble and Alt Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Chernaya Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Rkîz Mauritania A4i, A4iii
Russki Zavorot Peninsula and eastern part of Malozemelskaya Tundra Russia (European) A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Saman Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Séri Mali A1, A4i, A4iii
Schiermonnikoog Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Sebkhet Kelbia Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Semyachik lagoon Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Severn Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Stour and Orwell Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Svete lower reaches Latvia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tanguar Haor and Panabeel Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Tâmourt en Na'âj Mauritania A4i, A4iii
Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Terschelling: De Boschplaat Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i    
The Swale United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
The Wash United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Torna: Shoina watershed Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Upo swamp South Korea A1, A4i
Upper and Middle Yuribey Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Upper Solway Flats and Marshes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Upper streams of Ob' river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vallée de l'Aisne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Wadden Sea Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Zhupanovskiy lagoon Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ammannia coccinea (purple ammannia)[6]
Anisogammarus confervicolus[7]
Avena sativa (oats)[8]
Beckmannia syzigachne (American sloughgrass)[8]
Bolboschoenus maritimus (Prairie Bulrush)[6]
Carex lyngbyei (Lyngbye's sedge)[7]
Glycine max (soybean)[6]
Heteranthera dubia (grassleaf mudplantain)[6]
Hordeum jubatum (foxtail barley)[8]
Hordeum vulgare (cereal barley)[8]
Juncus arcticus (arctic rush)[6]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[8]
Musa paradisiaca (Banana)[6]
Najas guadalupensis (Florida waternymph)[6]
Oryza sativa (rice)[6]
Pennisetum glaucum (pearl-millet)[8]
Schoenoplectiella mucronata (bog bulrush)[6]
Scolochloa festucacea (rivergrass)[8]
Setaria viridis (green bristlegrass)[8]
Triglochin maritima (Sea Arrow Grass)[7]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[8]
Zannichellia palustris (horned poolmat)[6]
Zostera noltii[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Adicella reducta1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)1
Anas crecca carolinensis (American green-winged teal)1
Anas penelope (Eurasian Wigeon)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Apamea anceps (Large Nutmeg)2
Apamea sordens1
Bibio ferruginatus1
Bibio johannis1
Bison bison (American bison)2
Branta bernicla (Brent Goose)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)1
Calidris alba (Sanderling)1
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)2
Calidris mauri (Western Sandpiper)2
Calidris minutilla (Least Sandpiper)1
Camarota curvipennis2
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Cataclysta lemnata (Small China-mark)1
Cerodontha denticornis2
Cerodontha incisa2
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)1
Chlorops pumilionis (Gout fly)1
Corvus frugilegus (Rook)2
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)1
Delia coarctata1
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)2
Delia platura (seedcorn maggot)2
Dipodomys elator (Texas kangaroo rat)1
Frankliniella tenuicornis1
Galerida cristata (Crested Lark)2
Geomyza tripunctata1
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)3
Hydrellia albilabris1
Hydrellia griseola (Rice leafminer)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)1
Lamprotornis purpureus (Purple Starling)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)2
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Limnephilus flavicornis1
Limnephilus luridus1
Limnephilus marmoratus1
Limnephilus rhombicus (Northern caddisfly)1
Limnodromus griseus (Short-billed Dowitcher)1
Limosa fedoa (Marbled Godwit)1
Liriomyza flaveola1
Luperina testacea (Flounced Rustic)3
Lygus rugulipennis1
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)1
Mayetiola destructor (hessian fly)3
Meromyza saltatrix (Wheat Stem Maggot Fly)1
Mesapamea secalis (Common Rustic)2
Mesoligia literosa3
Muellerianella brevipennis1
Muellerianella fairmairei3
Opomyza florum (Wheat fly)1
Opomyza germinationis2
Oscinella frit (fruit fly)2
Oscinella pusilla1
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)2
Perognathus merriami (Merriam's pocket mouse)1
Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper)1
Phorbia fumigata1
Plectrophenax nivalis (Snow Bunting)1
Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover)1
Pseudemys nelsoni (Florida Redbelly Turtle)1
Pseudonapomyza atra2
Rhipidothrips gratiosus1
Tanysphyrus lemnae1
Thrips funebris1
Tipula paludosa (European crane fly)1

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[6]
Bubo blakistoni (Blakiston's Fish Owl)[10]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[6]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[6]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[6]
Meles meles (European Badger)[6]
Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's ground squirrel)[11]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[6]
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)[6]
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)[6]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[6]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[6]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[6]
Deropristis inflata[6]
Himasthla continua[6]
Levinseniella brachysoma[6]
Maritrema subdolum[6]
Psilostomum brevicolle[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[12]
Amidostomum acutum[12]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[12]
Amphimerus anatis <Unverified Name>[12]
Anatinella spinulosa <Unverified Name>[12]
Apatemon fuligulae <Unverified Name>[12]
Apatemon gracilis[12]
Aploparaksis furcigera[12]
Baruscapillaria anseris <Unverified Name>[12]
Baruscapillaria podicipitis <Unverified Name>[12]
Bilharziella polonica[12]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[12]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[12]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[12]
Cloacotaenia megalops[12]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[12]
Cotylurus flabelliformis[12]
Cryptocotyle concava[12]
Cyathocotyle bushiensis[12]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[12]
Dendritobilharzia pulverulenta[12]
Dicranotaenia coronula[12]
Dicranotaenia parvisaccata <Unverified Name>[12]
Dicranotaenia querquedula[12]
Dicranotaenia sacciperium <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis bulbodes <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis elisae <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis endacantha <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis inflata[12]
Diorchis nyrocae <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis nyrocoides <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis parvogenitalis <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis spinata <Unverified Name>[12]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[12]
Diploposthe laevis[12]
Echinocotyle rosseteri[12]
Echinocotyle ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinoparyphium baculus <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinoparyphium clerci <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[12]
Echinostoma revolutum[12]
Echinostoma robustum <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinuria uncinata[12]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[12]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[12]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[12]
Erschoviorchis lintoni <Unverified Name>[12]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[12]
Eucoleus perforans <Unverified Name>[12]
Filicollis anatis[12]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[12]
Gastrotaenia cygni <Unverified Name>[12]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[12]
Hamatolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis anatina <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis formosa <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis mastigopraedita <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis parvisaccata <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis sobolevi <Unverified Name>[12]
Hymenolepis stolli <Unverified Name>[12]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[12]
Hyptiasmus arcuatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Lateriporus clerci[12]
Lateriporus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[12]
Leucochloridium actitis <Unverified Name>[12]
Maritrema oocysta[6]
Maritrema subdolum[12]
Metorchis orientalis <Unverified Name>[12]
Metorchis xanthostomus[12]
Microphallus claviformes[12]
Microphallus papillorobustus[12]
Microphallus pirum[6]
Microsomacanthus abortiva[12]
Microsomacanthus baeri <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus compressa <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus melanittae <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus pachycephala <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus paracompressa <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus paramicrosoma <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus spasskii <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus spiralibursata <Unverified Name>[12]
Microsomacanthus spiralicirrata <Unverified Name>[12]
Notocotylus attenuatus[12]
Notocotylus chionis[12]
Notocotylus dafilae <Unverified Name>[12]
Notocotylus imbricatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Notocotylus parviovatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Opisthorchis simulans <Unverified Name>[12]
Orchipedum tracheicola[12]
Paramonostomum bucephalae[12]
Paramonostomum chabaudi[6]
Paramonostomum pseudoalveatum[12]
Plagiorchis laricola[12]
Platyscolex ciliata[12]
Polymorphus acutis[12]
Polymorphus magnus[12]
Polymorphus minutus[12]
Porrocaecum crassum <Unverified Name>[12]
Prosthogonimus anatinus <Unverified Name>[12]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[12]
Prosthogonimus indicus <Unverified Name>[12]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[12]
Prosthogonimus pellucidus <Unverified Name>[12]
Pseudocorynosoma constrictum[12]
Psilochasmus longicirratus[12]
Psilochasmus oxyurus[6]
Retinometra giranensis <Unverified Name>[12]
Retinometra macracanthos <Unverified Name>[12]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus dafilae <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[12]
Sobolevicanthus krabbeella <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus mastigopraeditus <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus octacantha <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus spasskii <Unverified Name>[12]
Sobolevicanthus stolli <Unverified Name>[12]
Sphaeridiotrema globulus[12]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[12]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[12]
Thominx anatis <Unverified Name>[12]
Thominx spinulosum <Unverified Name>[12]
Trichobilharzia ocellata[12]
Typhlocoelum cymbium[12]
Typhlocoelum sisowi <Unverified Name>[12]
Unciunia ciliata <Unverified Name>[12]
Zygocotyle lunata[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Akron Zoological Park
Al Ain Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Parkacuta
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Assiniboine Park Zooacuta
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Beale Parkacuta
Bellewaerde Park
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Parkacuta
Blackpool Zooacuta
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bramble Park Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardensacuta
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
 acuta
Cape May County Park Zooacuta
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustacuta
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
 acuta
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkacuta
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
 acuta
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumacuta
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
 acuta
Cosley Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensacuta
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
 acuta
Denver Zoological Gardensacuta
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdomacuta
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Ellen Trout Zooacuta
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
 acuta
Florida Aquarium
Fota Wildlife Parkacuta
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Giza Zoological Gardenacuta
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Honolulu Zooacuta
Houston Zoo, Inc.
 acuta
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jackson Zoological Parkacuta
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
 acuta
Lotherton Bird Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
 acuta
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Minnesota Zoological Garden
 acuta
Moscow Zoological Parkacuta
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
NEW Zoo
 acuta
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohamaacuta
North Carolina Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
 acuta
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Oregon Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)acuta
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
 acuta
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 acuta
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)acuta
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Pocatello Zoo
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutovacuta
Queens Zooacuta
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverside Zoo
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Sacramento Zoo
 acuta
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 acuta
Salisbury Zoological Parkacuta
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 acuta
San Diego Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
 acuta
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
 acuta
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
 acuta
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Touroparc
Tracy Aviaryacuta
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Turtle Back Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
 acuta
Virginia Living Museum
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
 acuta
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WTacuta
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
 acuta
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Jurquesacuta
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stenaacuta
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
 acuta
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
 acuta
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHacuta
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigacuta

Range Map

Africa; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Southern Asia; Tsavo National Park; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Austin, JE and MR Miller. 1995. Northern pintail (Anas acuta). Account No. 163 in A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The Birds of North America. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, DC 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 8FEEDING ECOLOGY OF PINTAIL HENS DURING REPRODUCTION, GARY L. KRAPU, The Auk 91: 278-290. April 1974 9Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 10Blakiston’s Fish-owl, BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. 11Spermophilus franklinii, Andrea C. Ostroff and Elmer J. Finck, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 724, pp. 1–5 (2003) 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access