Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Anas > Anas penelope
 

Anas penelope (Eurasian Wigeon)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian Wigeon, also known as Widgeon or Eurasian Widgeon (Anas penelope, previously Mareca penelope) is one of three species of wigeon in the dabbling duck genus Anas. It is common and widespread within its range. This species was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758 under its current scientific name.
View Wikipedia Record: Anas penelope

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.57758
EDGE Score: 1.27469

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.70 lbs (771 g)
Birth Weight [2]  44 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.60 lbs (724 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.81 lbs (819 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  13.1 %
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  9
Incubation [3]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  35 years
Speed [5]  46.08 MPH (20.6 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  32 inches (.82 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carolines tropical moist forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Polynesian tropical moist forests United States, Kiribati Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Micronesia tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Marianas tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwestern Hawaii scrub United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands    
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palau tropical moist forests Palau Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yap tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BRENNE 144090 France  
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Camargue 546256 France  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Dolina Dolnej Odry 152337 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Markermeer & IJmeer 169287 Netherlands    
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Abyy lowland Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Agyatan lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Bahour Lake India A4i, A4iii
Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4
Baquba wetlands Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Barrage de la Cheffia Algeria A4i, A4iii  
Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Baturino-Simansky area Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Büyük Menderes delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Big and Small Akh lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Big Indra lake Russia (Central Asian) A3
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Bulgarski Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bystroistokskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cao Hai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Diaccia Botrona Italy A1, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Dikoye and Epanchino lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Dresvyanskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Flood-plain of Algashka river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Flood-plain of Tuy river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Forty islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Frisian Wadden Sea coast Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Giants Tank Sri Lanka A4i
Gocheonam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Groote Wielen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Hammal Katchery Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Haringvliet Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Haur Al Sa'adiyah Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Haur Al Suwayqiyah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ichkeul Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii  
IJzervallei-De Blankaart Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ilperveld, Varkensland and Twiske Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Isonzo mouth, Cona island and Panzano Gulf Italy B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Issinski Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i
Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuchiye lakes Russia (Central Asian) A3
Karavasta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kataiginskiye bogs Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kharchinskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kolyma-Alazeya lowland Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Kondinskiye lakes Russia (Central Asian) A3, A4i
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kuloy river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lac Fetzara Algeria A4i, A4iii
Lac Oubeïra Algeria A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Biwako Japan A4i, A4iii
Lake Burullus Protected Area Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Eemmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Lake Furenko and nearby wetlands Japan A1, A3, A4i
Lake IJsselmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Komukeko and Lake Shibunotsunaiko Japan A4i  
Lake Mahmudchala Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Markermeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3  
Lake Volkerak Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lalzi Bay Albania B1i
Lauwersmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Lebediny refuge (Markovo depression) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lough Foyle Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4  
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Yoshinogawa river Japan A4i
Marais de Mekhada Algeria A1, A4i, A4iii  
Markakol State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A3, A4i, A4iii
Marmara lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mehboob Shah Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Merja Zerga Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii
Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Moray Basin, Firths and Bays United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Muhuri Dam Bangladesh A4i
Mullutu Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) India A1, A4i, A4iii
Narta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
North Norfolk Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Notsuke bay, Odaito Japan A1, A3, A4i
Oosterschelde Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oude Venen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oulu region wetlands Finland A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ouse Washes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ousteri Lake India A4i, A4iii
Ozersky pine forest Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Parapol'skiy valley Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Petrocrepost' Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Polder Zeevang Netherlands A4iii, B1i, C3, C4  
Polderkomplex Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic France A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4
Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Rømø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Reeuwijkse Plassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ribble and Alt Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
River Little Brosna callows: New Bridge: River Shannon Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4
River Umeälven delta Sweden A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3
Russkoye lake Russia (Central Asian) A3
Santoña marshes Spain B1i, B2, C2, C3  
Sarykopa Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sebkhet Kelbia Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Seskar island Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i  
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Seyhan delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shoshkaly Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Surski reservoir Russia (European) A1, B1i
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Upper streams of Ob' river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Wadden Sea Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Wormer-and Jisperveld Netherlands A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yumurtalik lagoons Turkey A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Zostera noltii[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Branta bernicla (Brent Goose)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1

Predators

Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomum acutum[8]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[8]
Amphimerus anatis <Unverified Name>[8]
Apatemon fuligulae <Unverified Name>[8]
Apatemon gracilis[8]
Apatemon minor <Unverified Name>[8]
Aploparaksis furcigera[8]
Baruscapillaria podicipitis <Unverified Name>[8]
Bilharziella polonica[8]
Bisaccanthes bisaccata <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Cloacotaenia megalops[8]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[8]
Dicranotaenia coronula[8]
Dicranotaenia fallax <Unverified Name>[8]
Diorchis elisae <Unverified Name>[8]
Diorchis inflata[8]
Diorchis parvogenitalis <Unverified Name>[8]
Diorchis spinata <Unverified Name>[8]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[8]
Diorchis tuvensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Drepanidotaenia lanceolata <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinocotyle rosseteri[8]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinoparyphium baculus <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinoparyphium nordianum <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[8]
Echinostoma echinatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Echinostoma paraulum[8]
Echinostoma revolutum[8]
Echinuria uncinata[8]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[8]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[8]
Epomidiostomum penelopi <Unverified Name>[8]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[8]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[8]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[8]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[8]
Hypoderaeum gnedini <Unverified Name>[8]
Metorchis xanthostomus[8]
Microsomacanthus baeri <Unverified Name>[8]
Microsomacanthus compressa <Unverified Name>[8]
Microsomacanthus hopkinsi <Unverified Name>[8]
Microsomacanthus paramicrosoma <Unverified Name>[8]
Myxolepis collaris <Unverified Name>[8]
Notocotylus attenuatus[8]
Notocotylus imbricatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Notocotylus magniovatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Opisthorchis simulans <Unverified Name>[8]
Orchipedum tracheicola[8]
Paramonostomum alveatum[8]
Paramonostomum anatis[8]
Paramonostomum pseudalveatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Porrocaecum crassum <Unverified Name>[8]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[8]
Pseudamidostomum boulengeri <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudamidostomum penelopi <Unverified Name>[8]
Sarconema pseudolabiata <Unverified Name>[8]
Sobolevicanthus fragilis <Unverified Name>[8]
Sobolevicanthus gracilis[8]
Sphaeridiotrema globulus[8]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[8]
Thominx anatis <Unverified Name>[8]
Thominx spinulosum <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichobilharzia kowalewskii <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichobilharzia ocellata[8]
Trichobilharzia physellae[8]
Typhlocoelum cymbium[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Bioparc Valencia
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Cologne Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Inokashira Park Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lotherton Bird Garden
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Moscow Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Queens Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tilgate Nature Centre
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Willow Park Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

North America; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2007-01-23, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Palmer, RS 1962–1988 Handbook of North American Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven CT. Volumes 1–5 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 7WINTER DIET OF THE GREATER SPOTTED EAGLE (AQUILA CLANGA) IN THE AMVRAKIKOS WETLANDS, GREECE, HARALAMBOS ALIVIZATOS, DIMITRIS PAPANDROPOULOS, STAMATIS ZOGARIS, J Raptor Res. 38(4):371-374 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011