Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Aix > Aix galericulata
 

Aix galericulata (Mandarin Duck)

Wikipedia Abstract

The mandarin duck (Aix galericulata), or just mandarin, is a perching duck species found in East Asia. It is medium-sized, at 41–49 cm (16–19 in) long with a 65–75 cm (26–30 in) wingspan. As the other member of the genus Aix, it is closely related to the North American wood duck.
View Wikipedia Record: Aix galericulata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.19361
EDGE Score: 1.97319

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  1.26 lbs (570 g)
Birth Weight [3]  41 grams
Clutch Size [5]  10
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Incubation [4]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  10 years 4 months
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds
Wing Span [6]  28 inches (.71 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve 82385 Anhui, China      
Bastak State Nature Reserve 226771 Khabarovsk, Russia
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bolonsky State Nature Reserve 256001 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Botchinsky State Nature Reserve 660710 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bureinsky State Nature Reserve 885626 Khabarovsk, Russia
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Kurilsky State Nature Reserve 161520 Sakhalin, Russia    
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Mount Sorak Biosphere Reserve   Korea, Republic of  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Nong Nam Khao Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Poronaisky State Nature Reserve 140096 Sakhalin, Russia
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Udege National Park 218935 Primorsky Krai , Russia    
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zeya State Nature Reserve 245697 Amur, Russia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Baihe-Wanbao China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Bukchon South Korea A4i
Futatsuno reservoir Japan A4i
Kanogawa reservoir Japan A4i
Wuyuan Datangwu Reservoir China (mainland) A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum anatinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Erschoviorchis lintoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis krabbeella <Unverified Name>[7]
Notocotylus attenuatus[7]
Notocotylus magniovatus <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Beale Park
Bellewaerde Park
Bioparc Valencia
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bramble Park Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Cape May County Park Zoo
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Central Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Charles Paddock Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dartmoor Zoological Park
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Wissel
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fota Wildlife Park
Gladys Porter Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Hamilton Zoo
Hansenberg Organia
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kittenberger Zoo
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
La Vallée des Singes
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Mitchell Park Zoo
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
National Zoo & Aquarium
Niabi Zoo
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Planete Sauvage
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Prospect Park Zoo
Ragunan Zoological Park
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverside Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Sedgwick County Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Terra Natura S.A.
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Tracy Aviary
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tygerberg Zoopark
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utica Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2A comparative study of egg mass and clutch size in the Anseriformes, Jordi Figuerola and Andy J. Green, J Ornithol (2006) 147: 57–68 3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6British Trust for Ornithology 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Ramsar Sites Information Service Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access