Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Bucephala > Bucephala clangula
 

Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) is a medium-sized sea duck of the genus Bucephala, the goldeneyes. Their closest relative is the similar Barrow's Goldeneye. Adult males ranges from 45–52 cm (18–21 inches) and from 888 to 1400 grams (1.9 to 3.1 lbs), while females range from 40–50 cm (16–20 inches) and from 500 to 1182 grams (1.1 to 2.6 lbs). The species is aptly named for its golden-yellow eye.
View Wikipedia Record: Bucephala clangula

Infraspecies

Bucephala clangula americana (American common goldeneye)
Bucephala clangula clangula (European common goldeneye)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.03014
EDGE Score: 1.61545

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  2.02 lbs (915 g)
Birth Weight [3]  38 grams
Female Weight [2]  1.57 lbs (711 g)
Male Weight [2]  2.47 lbs (1.12 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [2]  57.5 %
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Clutch Size [4]  9
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [3]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  18 years
Speed [5]  45.41 MPH (20.3 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Wing Span [5]  28 inches (.7 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Camargue 546256 France  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Drawska 380310 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Sandomierska 319052 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Angara river source Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Argeş reservoir Romania C2, C3, C4, C6
Babushkina bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bay of Kungsbackafjorden Sweden A4i, B1i, C3
Bay of Torslandaviken Sweden B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3
Berezovye islands of Vyborg Bay Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i
Big and Small Akh lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Buhuşu reservoir: Bacău: Tătărăşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Burshtyns'ke reservoir Ukraine B1i
Bystroistokskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Cumberland Marshes Canada A4i, A4iii
Cursul Dunării: Baziaş: Porţile de Fier Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dal'dzi lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Danube bend Hungary A4i, B1i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Danube reach between Gönyí» and Szob Hungary A4iii, B1i
Darkhad Depression Mongolia A1, A4i
Dashinchilen Bayan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Dikoye and Epanchino lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Dnestr valley between Staryj Martyniv and Marynopil' villages Ukraine B1i
Dnipro delta Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Dresvyanskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Drini Delta Albania A1, A4i, B1i
Dubovac-Ram Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Dzhulukul' depression Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
East slope of Northern Ural Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Flood-plain of Kostroma river Russia (European) A4iii, B1i
Floodplain of Cheptsa river Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Forty islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gemenc Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Grado and Marano lagoon Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Greater and Lesser Vagilsky Tuman Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Gulf of Riga, west coast Latvia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C4  
Hjarbæk Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Hortobágy and Tisza-to Hungary A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Irbe strait Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9 Kazakhstan A4i, A4iii
Isonzo mouth, Cona island and Panzano Gulf Italy B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Kabli Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4
Kahtla-Kübassaare Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kandalaksha Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Kanivs'ke reservoir Ukraine B1i
Kapchagay Canyon Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i
Karakyr Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kattakurgan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Küdema bay Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Kenozer'ye Russia (European) A4i, B1i
Khar Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khoton-Khorgon Lakes Mongolia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Khovsgol Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Kondinskiye lakes Russia (Central Asian) A3, A4i
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kuloy river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kurgalski Peninsula Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Kurkure mountain Russia (Central Asian) A3, A4i
Kushmurun Lake Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Ayke Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Balaton Hungary A4i, B1i
Lake Furenko and nearby wetlands Japan A1, A3, A4i
Lake Ohrid Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lake Volkerak Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Latorytsya river valley near Chop Ukraine A1, B1i, B2
Lebedinoye and Svetloye lakes Russia (Central Asian) A4i
Lough Neagh and Lough Beg United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lovns Bredning Denmark A4i, B1i, C3
Lower Eruslan Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i
Lower reaches of the Karatal River Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Vistula River Valley Poland C1, C3, C6
Luitemaa Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lyman lake Ukraine A1, B1i, B2, B3
Markakol State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A3, A4i, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Morkushskoye reservoir Russia (European) B1i
Mullutu Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Narta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Nõva-Osmussaar Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Nevskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
North Baikal wetlands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Notsuke bay, Odaito Japan A1, A3, A4i
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Olt valley Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Onon-Balj Mongolia A1, A4i
Oulu region wetlands Finland A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ozersky pine forest Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Pakri Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Petrocrepost' Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Pori archipelago and wetlands Finland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Poyasovy Kamen' ridge Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Drava Slovenia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Rummelö-Harrbodan Finland A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Russki Zavorot Peninsula and eastern part of Malozemelskaya Tundra Russia (European) A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Russkoye lake Russia (Central Asian) A3
Salacgriva-Vitrupe Latvia B1i
Saumalkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Schuch'i lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Seskar island Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i  
Shantar islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Shcherbakty Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Smålandsfarvandet Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2  
Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Stânca lake: Costeşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Stigfjorden fjord Sweden B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Sviyago-Kubninskaya forest-steppe Russia (European) A1, B1i
Sydfynske Ø-hav Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Tagamõisa peninsula Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3  
Teletskoye lake Russia (Central Asian) A3, A4i
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Terenkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Teshigiin Olon Lakes Mongolia A1, A4i
The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i    
Torö: Muskö Sweden A4i, B1i, C3
Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ubinskoye Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Udyl' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Unskaya bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Upper streams of Ob' river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vilsandi archipelago Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Vizhay river Russia (Central Asian) A3
Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Ystad: Hörte Sweden A4i, B1i, C3
Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Zegrzynski reservoir Poland A4iii, B1i
Zharkol Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ziemupe-Riva coastal Latvia B1i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Melanitta nigra (Black Scoter)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Ptychocheilus oregonensis (Seatrout)1
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)1
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomoides petrovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomum acutum[7]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[7]
Anatinella spinulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Apatemon gracilis[7]
Baruscapillaria mergi <Unverified Name>[7]
Bilharziella polonica[7]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria mergi <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria nyrocinarum <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[8]
Ceratophyllus garei[8]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ciureana cryptocotyloides[7]
Cloacitrema ovatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Dicranotaenia coronula[7]
Dicranotaenia synsacculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Diorchis stefanskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum pusillum <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[7]
Echinostoma revolutum[7]
Echinostoma sudanense <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum crami <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum ovispinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucotyle cohni <Unverified Name>[7]
Filicollis anatis[7]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[7]
Gastrotaenia cygni <Unverified Name>[7]
Gastrotaenia dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis arcuata <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis collaris <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis fasciculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis formosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis fragilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis giranensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis macracanthoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis macracanthos <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis monoposthe <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis octacantha <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis paracompressa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis parvula <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis pittalugai <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis spinulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenosphenacanthus macracanthos <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenosphenacanthus pittalugai <Unverified Name>[7]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[7]
Lateriporus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Levinseniella brachysoma[7]
Levinseniella bucephala <Unverified Name>[7]
Maritrema subdolum[7]
Microphallus papillorobustus[7]
Microsomacanthus formosoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Microsomacanthus tuvensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Nadejdolepis lauriei[7]
Notocotylus attenuatus[7]
Notocotylus gibbus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paramonostomum alveatum[7]
Platyscolex ciliata[7]
Polymorphus acutis[7]
Polymorphus botulus[7]
Polymorphus magnus[7]
Porrocaecum ensicaudatum[7]
Prosthogonimus anatinus <Unverified Name>[7]
Retinometra macracanthos <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara formosensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Strigea falconis[7]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata octodecimdentata[8]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres crami <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichobilharzia kowalewskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Tristriata anatis[7]
Typhlocoelum cucumerinum[7]
Unciunia ciliata <Unverified Name>[7]
Zygocotyle lunata[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardensamericana
Alexandria Zoological Parkamericana
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustclangula
Assiniboine Park Zooamericana
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Beale Park
 clangula
Biodome de Montreal
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Burger's Zooclangula
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrustclangula
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustclangula
Central Park Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
 americana
Cologne Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensclangula
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiaamericana
Denver Zoological Gardensamericana
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenrijk Europa
Exmoor Zoological Park
Helsinki Zooclangula
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)clangula
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trustclangula
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Moscow Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
 americana
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
 clangula
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Queens Zoo
 americana
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Parkamericana
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
 clangula
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquaramericana
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
 clangula
Staten Island Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tennessee Aquarium
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tilgate Nature Centreclangula
Tracy Aviaryamericana
Turtle Back Zooamericana
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WTclangula
Willow Park Zoo
 americana
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbHclangula
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.clangula
Zoo Parc de Beauvalclangula
Zoo Zürichclangula
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken

Range Map

North America; Oceania; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2007-01-23, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Eadie, JM, ML Mallory, and HG Lumsden. 1995. Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula). The Birds of North America, no. 170. (Poole, A. and F. Gill, editors.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists' Union. Washington, DC 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Food web topology and parasites in the pelagic zone of a subarctic lake, Per-Arne Amundsen, Kevin D. Lafferty, Rune Knudsen, Raul Primicerio, Anders Klemetsen and Armand M. Kuris, Journal of Animal Ecology 2009, 78, 563–572 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011