Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Melanitta > Melanitta fusca
 

Melanitta fusca (White-winged Scoter; Velvet Scoter)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca), also called a velvet duck or whitewing (not to be confused with the white-winged scoter), is a large sea duck, which breeds over the far north of Europe and Asia west of the Yenisey basin. A small, isolated population nests in eastern Turkey. The East Siberian and North American white-winged scoter is sometimes considered conspecific with the velvet scoter, and its two constituent subspecies are then known as M. f. stejnegeri and M. f. deglandi.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanitta fusca

Infraspecies

Melanitta fusca deglandi (American white-winged scoter) (Attributes)
Melanitta fusca fusca (European white-winged scoter) (Attributes)
Melanitta fusca stejnegeri (Asiatic white-winged scoter)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.01996
EDGE Score: 1.79508

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.00 lbs (1.36 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  55 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [2]  8
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Migration [3]  Intracontinental
Speed [4]  44.96 MPH (20.1 m/s)
Wing Span [4]  38 inches (.97 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Camargue 546256 France  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf 198183 France  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet 236302 Finland    
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Læsø, sydlige del 253812 Denmark    
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
PULJUN ERÄMAA 139246 Finland  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pernajanlahtien ja Pernajan saariston merensuojelualue 162534 Finland  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Przybrzezne wody Baltyku 480933 Poland    
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
SPA Pommersche Bucht 495241 Germany    
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uudenkaupungin saaristo 140830 Finland  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zatoka Pomorska 770666 Poland    

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Abyy lowland Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Akdogan mountain Turkey A1, B1i
Aktas lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Aniva bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii  
Aygir Lake Turkey B1i
Ørland wetland system Norway A4i, B1i, B2  
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Balik lake Turkey B1i
Berezovye islands of Vyborg Bay Russia (European) A4i, A4iii, B1i
Central Polish coastal waters Poland C3, C4  
Cumshewa Inlet north to Sheldens Bay Canada A4i
Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy France B2, C6  
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Forty islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gulf of Riga, west coast Latvia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C4  
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Irbe strait Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Kizilirmak delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Kolyma-Alazeya lowland Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Lista wetland system Norway A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Littoral Augeron France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Marine waters along the Curonian Spit Lithuania A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Merenkurkku archipelago Finland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B1iv, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Moray Basin, Firths and Bays United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nemrut volcano Turkey B1i, B2
Northwestern Kattegat Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Old Crow Flats Canada A4i, A4iii
Outer Stockholm archipelago Sweden A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Petrocrepost' Bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Pomeranian bay Poland C2, C3, C4  
Prince Edward Point Canada A4i, A4iii
Ronne Banke Denmark A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C3, C4  
Scapa Flow United Kingdom A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, C2, C3, C6
Sejerø Bay and Nekselø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4  
Smøla archipelago Norway A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Tyk and Viakhtu bays Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
West End of Lake Ontario Canada A4i, A4iii
Yesilirmak delta Turkey B1i, B1ii, B2  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Acmaea mitra (whitecap limpet)[5]
Batillaria attramentaria (Japanese false cerith)[5]
Clinocardium nuttallii (Nuttall cockle)[5]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[5]
Lacuna vincta (northern lacuna)[5]
Leukoma staminea (Pacific littleneck)[5]
Melanitta fusca (White-winged Scoter)[5]
Mytilus trossulus (foolish mussel)[6]
Nuttallia obscurata (purple mahogany-clam)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Melanitta perspicillata (Surf Scoter)2

Predators

Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Melanitta fusca (White-winged Scoter)[5]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthoparyphium marillae <Unverified Name>[7]
Acanthoparyphium melanitta <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomoides monodon <Unverified Name>[7]
Amidostomum acutum[7]
Amidostomum anseris <Unverified Name>[7]
Apatemon fuligulae <Unverified Name>[7]
Baruscapillaria mergi <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria nyrocinarum <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria spinulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Catatropis verrucosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceratophyllus garei[8]
Cloacotaenia megalops[7]
Cryptocotyle concava[7]
Curtuteria grummti <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyathocotyle melanittae <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[7]
Echinostoma revolutum[7]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum ovispinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Epomidiostomum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucotyle cohni <Unverified Name>[7]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[7]
Filicollis anatis[7]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[7]
Gymnophallus bursicola <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis albertensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis jagerskioldi <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis microsoma <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis teresoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Lacunovermis macomae[7]
Lateriporus mathevossianae <Unverified Name>[7]
Lateriporus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Levinseniella brachysoma[7]
Levinseniella propinqua[7]
Maritrema subdolum[7]
Meiogymnophallus macroporus <Unverified Name>[7]
Microphallus fusiformis[7]
Microphallus papillorobustus[7]
Microsomacanthus microsoma[7]
Microsomacanthus tuvensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Paramonostomum alveatum[7]
Parvatrema affinis <Unverified Name>[7]
Polymorphus minutus[7]
Profilicollis botulus[7]
Pseudospelotrema japonicum <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara californica <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara formosensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres fissispina <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres somateriae <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres spinosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Tschertkovilepis tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Central Park Zoo
Great Plains Zoo

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Prey selection and its relationship to habitat and foraging strategy of molting White-winged (Melanitta fusca) and Surf Scoters (M. perspicillata) in Puget Sound, WA, and the Strait of Georgia, BC., Heather J. Tschaekofske, Masters Thesis, Evergreen State College, 2010 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access