Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Mergellus > Mergellus albellus
 

Mergellus albellus (Smew)

Synonyms: Mergus albellus
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The Smew (Mergellus albellus) is a species of duck, and is the only member of the genus Mergellus. This genus is closely related to Mergus and is sometimes included in it, though it might be closer to the goldeneyes (Bucephala). The Smew has interbred with the Common Goldeneye (B. clangula). An unnamed fossil seaduck, known from a humerus found in the Middle Miocene Sajóvölgyi Formation of Mátraszõlõs, Hungary, was assigned to Mergus.
View Wikipedia Record: Mergellus albellus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.98313
EDGE Score: 1.9435

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.34 lbs (610 g)
Birth Weight [2]  42 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.25 lbs (568 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.44 lbs (652 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  14.8 %
Clutch Size [3]  8
Maximum Longevity [5]  10 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BRENNE 144090 France  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Balaton 145518 Hungary  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Barrois et forêt de Clairvaux 101699 France  
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Comprensorio Bracciano-Martignano 48319 Italy  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dunajské luhy 45462 Slovakia  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Emajõe suudmeala ja Piirissaare 84458 Estonia  
Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine 46555 France  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Frostvikenfjällen 231768 Sweden  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
Ivailovgrad Reservoir 48577 Bulgaria  
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
KOITELAINEN 120928 Finland  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Karrebæk, Dybsø og Avnø Fjorde 46609 Denmark  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA 45016 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lacs de la forêt d'Orient 58255 France  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Litokaira 75076 Finland  
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Markermeer & IJmeer 169287 Netherlands    
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mittlere Elbe einschließlich Steckby-Lödderitzer Forst 47123 Germany  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Niedersächsische Mittelelbe 84041 Germany  
Niederung der Unteren Havel 69882 Germany  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostsee östlich Wagrien 97411 Germany  
Oulanka 72624 Finland  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
PULJUN ERÄMAA 139246 Finland  
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pernajanlahtien ja Pernajan saariston merensuojelualue 162534 Finland  
Pessinki fjällurskog 240249 Sweden  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Påkketanjaure 53566 Sweden  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Sologne bourbonnaise 55040 France  
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Tammisaaren ja Hangon saariston ja Pohjanpitäjänlahden merensuojelualue 130052 Finland  
Teicu dabas rezervats 48554 Latvia  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Uudenkaupungin saaristo 140830 Finland  
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' 63775 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Võrtsjärve 73464 Estonia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Östliche Kieler Bucht 184563 Germany  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Adovo-Chugrumski wetland Russia (European) A1, A3, B2
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Argeş reservoir Romania C2, C3, C4, C6
Øvre Pasvik Norway A3, B2
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Blekinge Archipelago Sweden A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4
Buhuşu reservoir: Bacău: Tătărăşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Chardara Reservoir Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6    
Cursul Dunării: Baziaş: Porţile de Fier Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Delta of the Swina river Poland C1, C2, C3, C6  
Dengizkul Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Dikoye and Epanchino lakes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Dungeness To Pett Levels United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Elimyssalo Finland A3, B2, C6
Forty islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gelderse Poort Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haff Réimech Luxembourg C6
Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei: Başeului: Podrigăi Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Iezerul Călăraşi Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
IJssel: IJsselkop-Ketelmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C4, C6
Ilfov reservoir Romania C1, C2, C3, C4
Ilmensky zapovednik Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Irbe strait Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Irbe strait Latvia A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii
Iremel'ski mountain Russia (European) A1, A3, B2
Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kalmar: Mönsterås Sweden A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3
Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Karakyr Lakes Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Karasuk Kazakhstan A1, A4i
Kattakurgan Reservoir Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Käsivarsi fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Kitka lake Finland B1i, B2, C2, C6
Kivach Nature Reserve Russia (European) A3
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kuloy river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kuznetski Alatau Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Lacurile Fălticeni Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Gammelstadsviken Sweden B2, C2, C6
Lake IJsselmeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Markermeer Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lake Skedviken Sweden A4i, B1i, C2, C3
Lake Tämnaren Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Lake Techirghiol Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lapland Biosphere Reserve Russia (European) A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lõu bay Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lepelaarplassen Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Limanu: Herghelia Romania C1, C2, C6
Litokaira Finland A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Odra river valley Poland C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lubans and fish-ponds Latvia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Luitemaa Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
Nemunas delta regional Park Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Olt valley Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Oulanka-Sukerijärvi Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Oulu region wetlands Finland A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pallas and Ylläs fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Pomeranian bay Poland C2, C3, C4  
Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira Finland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Ponoiskaya depression Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Porvoonjoki Delta Finland A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C3
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Umeälven delta Sweden A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3
Rogojeşti reservoir: Bucecea Romania C2, C4
Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet Finland A3, B2, B3, C6
Russkoye lake Russia (Central Asian) A3
Saariselkä and Koilliskaira Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä Finland A3, B2, C7
Sasyk lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sjaunja Sweden A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Slowinska Site Poland C2, C3, C6  
Sorbulak Lake System Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
South-west London Waterbodies United Kingdom B1i, C3, C6
Stânca lake: Costeşti Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Strandstuguviken Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Szczecin lagoon Poland C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Taavavuoma Sweden A3, B2, C6
Tentek River Delta Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Terenkol Lake Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon Lithuania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i    
Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Upper streams of Ob' river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Võrtsjärv Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Verkhnevisherski mountain Russia (European) A3, B2, B3
Voshmigir dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, B1i
Western part of lake Mälaren Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Yamantau mountain Russia (European) A1, A3, B2
Yuzhskoe lake-land Russia (European) A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apatemon fuligulae <Unverified Name>[6]
Apatemon gracilis[6]
Aploparaksis furcigera[6]
Baruscapillaria mergi <Unverified Name>[6]
Baruscapillaria podicipitis <Unverified Name>[6]
Bilharziella polonica[6]
Brachylaima fuscatus[6]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[6]
Centrorhynchus aluconis[6]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[6]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptocotyle concava[6]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum gasterostei[6]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum parviventosum <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum phoxini[6]
Diplostomum pungitii <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum pusillum <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinatrium tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium baculus <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium nordianum <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[6]
Echinoparyphium syrdariense <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium syrdarjense <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinostoma revolutum[6]
Echinuria uncinata[6]
Erschoviorchis lintoni <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucotyle cohni <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucotyle zakharowi <Unverified Name>[6]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[6]
Fimbriaria fasciolaris[6]
Hymenolepis collaris <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis parvula <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[6]
Hyptiasmus arcuatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Laterotrema arenula <Unverified Name>[6]
Ligula intestinalis[6]
Notocotylus attenuatus[6]
Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus[6]
Prosthogonimus anatinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[6]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Strigea falconis[6]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[6]
Unciunia ciliata <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Arundel Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Canolfan Llanelli Centre W&WTrust
Castle Espie Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Central Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Great Plains Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Inokashira Park Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Micke Grove Zoo
North of England Zoological Society
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Staten Island Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Washington Waterfowl Park W&WT
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Link to Map
North America; Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons (Bernissart; Boussu; Hensies; Jurbise; Mons; Quaregnon; Saint-Ghi;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2007-01-23, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011