Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Cathartidae > Cathartes > Cathartes aura
 

Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) is a bird found throughout most of the Americas. It is also known in some North American regions as the turkey buzzard (or just buzzard), and in some areas of the Caribbean as the John crow or carrion crow. One of three species in the genus Cathartes, in the family Cathartidae, the Turkey Vulture is the most widespread of the New World vultures, ranging from southern Canada to the southernmost tip of South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Cathartes aura

Infraspecies

Cathartes aura aura (Western turkey vulture)
Cathartes aura jota
Cathartes aura ruficollis
Cathartes aura septentrionalis (Eastern turkey vulture) (Attributes)

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.85 lbs (2.20 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  60 grams
Female Maturity [1]  11 years
Male Maturity [1]  11 years
Clutch Size [3]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Incubation [1]  39 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Wing Span [4]  5.7 feet (1.73 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cordillera Central páramo Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera de Merida páramo Venezuela Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta páramo Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park II 175430 Cuba  
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Paso Bravo National Park 256207 Paraguay  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva Biologica de la Cordillera de Sama Biological Reserve IV 265144 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve VI 296460 Chiapas, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Serra da Canastra National Park II 491304 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Barro Colorado Nature Monument Panama A4iv
Camino de Cruces National Park Panama A4iv
Metropolitan Nature Park Panama A1, A4iv
Panama Canal West Bank Panama A1, A4iv
San Lorenzo National Park Panama A1, A4iv
Soberanía National Park Panama A1, A4iv

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[5]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[5]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[5]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[5]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[5]
Sylvilagus palustris (Marsh Rabbit)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)1
Amblytylus nasutus1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)1
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Grus grus (Common Crane)1
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus (Crowned Solitary Eagle)1
Hoplias malabaricus (Trahira)1
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Leptopterna ferrugata1
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)1
Lontra provocax (Southern River Otter)1
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)1
Marmota monax (woodchuck)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)2
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)2
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)1
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)2
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis)1
Puccinia coronata (Crown Rust)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Spermophilus armatus (Uinta ground squirrel)1
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)1
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)2
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)2

Predators

Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[5]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[5]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[7]
Paryphostomum huaccaci <Unverified Name>[7]
Phagicola longa[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brevard Zoo
Brookgreen Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zooaura
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Cosley Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Coyote Point Museum
Dakota Zoo
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Guadalajara Zooaura
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Hutchinson Zoo
Indianapolis Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
 aura
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Linton Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Mesker Park Zoo
Micke Grove Zooaura
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miller Park Zooseptentrionalis
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moonridge Animal Park
 aura
National SEA LIFE Centre
Natural Science Center of Greensboroseptentrionalis
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Oregon Coast Aquarium
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoo
Pueblo Zooaura
Randers Regnskov
Riga Zooruficollis
Riverside Zoo
 aura
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 aura
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardensaura
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Scovill Zoo
 septentrionalis
Sedgwick County Zooaura
Silver Springs Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Sunset Zoo
Tallahassee Museum of History and
Tama Zoological Park
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensaura
The Philadelphia Zoo
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical Butterfly House
Trotter's World of Animals
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
 septentrionalis
Utah's Hogle Zoo
 aura
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkseptentrionalis
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Willow Park Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
 aura
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenaura
ZooMontana

Range Map

Link to Map
Caribbean; North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; Serra do Cipo National Park; Serra dos Orgaos National Park; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 22-Sep-2011, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4DETERMINATION OF BODY DENSITY FOR TWELVE BIRD SPECIES, DAVID M. HAMERSHOCK, THOMAS W. SEAMANS, GLEN E. BERNHARDT, WRIGHT LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH (1993) 5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 6Sylvilagus palustris, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, Mammalian Species No. 153, pp. 1-3 (1981) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011