Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Cathartidae > Gymnogyps > Gymnogyps californianus
 

Gymnogyps californianus (California Condor)

Synonyms: Vultur californianus
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is a New World vulture, the largest North American land bird. This condor became extinct in the wild in 1987 (all remaining wild individuals were captured), but the species has been reintroduced to northern Arizona and southern Utah (including the Grand Canyon area and Zion National Park), the coastal mountains of central and southern California, and northern Baja California.
View Wikipedia Record: Gymnogyps californianus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gymnogyps californianus

EDGE Analysis

Exactly how many California Condors once lived remains unknown, yet by 1981 the wild population numbered at just 21 birds. Throughout history the California Condor has been a dominant subject of mythology amongst Native Americans. Interestingly, the bird carries different meanings to each tribe. Some believed it killed humans and drank their blood, whilst others thought it occasionally ate the moon, thus causing the lunar cycle. Other tribes ritually killed condors for their feathers, from which ceremonial clothing was made. Such activities may have contributed to the condor’s decline. However, the biggest causes of their decline over the past century have been persecution (shooting, poisoning,), unintentional poisoning (lead shot) and loss of wildlands.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
45
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
97
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 33.3903
EDGE Score: 6.31036
View EDGE Record: Gymnogyps californianus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  18.63 lbs (8.45 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  185 grams
Female Maturity [2]  6 years
Male Maturity [2]  6 years
Clutch Size [4]  1
Clutches / Year [2]  2
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  57 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  45 years
Speed [5]  53.69 MPH (24 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  9.2 feet (2.82 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Marble Canyon USA A1
Zion National Park USA A1

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Oregon Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens

Range Map

North America;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Snyder, N. F R. and NJ Schmitt. 2002. California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus). In Poole, A. and F. Gill, editors. [EDS.]. The birds of North America, No. 610 The Birds of North America, Inc. Philadelphia, PA 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6National Geographic Magazine - January 2016 - Vultures - Elizabeth Royte
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2