Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Buteo > Buteo jamaicensis
 

Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a bird of prey, one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the "chickenhawk," though it rarely preys on standard sized chickens. It breeds throughout most of North America, from western Alaska and northern Canada to as far south as Panama and the West Indies, and is one of the most common buteos in North America. Red-tailed Hawks can acclimate to all the biomes within its range.
View Wikipedia Record: Buteo jamaicensis

Infraspecies

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.48 lbs (1.13 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  58 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.70 lbs (1.22 kg)
Male Weight [1]  2.27 lbs (1.03 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  19.1 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Clutch Size [4]  2
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  31 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Speed [5]  121.15 MPH (54.16 m/s)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Baffin coastal tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park II 175430 Cuba  
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Tadoussac Canada A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[6]
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[6]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[6]
Anax junius (green darner)[6]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[6]
Anaxyrus boreas (Western Toad)[7]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[6]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[6]
Artemisia frigida (Fringed sagewort)[8]
Blarina carolinensis (Southern Short-tailed Shrew)[9]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[6]
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)[6]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[6]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[6]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[6]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[6]
Cynomys leucurus (white-tailed prairie dog)[10]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[6]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[6]
Geomys breviceps (Baird's pocket gopher)[11]
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)[12]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[6]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[6]
Ixobrychus exilis (Least Bittern)[13]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[6]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[6]
Marmota monax (woodchuck)[6]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[6]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[6]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[6]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[6]
Neotoma fuscipes (dusky-footed woodrat)[14]
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)[15]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[6]
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)[6]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[6]
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)[6]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[6]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[6]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[6]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[6]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[6]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[6]
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)[6]
Scapanus latimanus (Broad-footed Mole)[16]
Sciurus arizonensis (Arizona gray squirrel)[17]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[6]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[18]
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)[19]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[6]
Spermophilus brunneus (Idaho ground squirrel)[20]
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[21]
Spermophilus elegans (Wyoming ground squirrel)[22]
Spermophilus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[10]
Spermophilus saturatus (Cascade golden-mantled ground squirrel)[23]
Spermophilus townsendii (Townsend's ground squirrel)[24]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[6]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[6]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[25]
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)[26]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[6]
Sylvilagus nuttallii (Nuttall's cottontail)[27]
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)[28]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[6]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[6]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[29]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[6]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[6]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)4
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)8
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)7
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)2
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)5
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)14
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)6
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)6
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)7
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)3
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)5
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)15
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)2
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)5
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)4
Canis latrans (Coyote)15
Canis lupus (Wolf)2
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)3
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)2
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)9
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)5
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)2
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)2
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)6
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)2
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))8
Crotalus viridis (viridis)3
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)7
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)4
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)8
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)4
Falco columbarius (Merlin)2
Falco femoralis (Aplomado Falcon)2
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)7
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)4
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)2
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)9
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)2
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)4
Lampropeltis triangulum (Scarlet kingsnake)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)3
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)3
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)4
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)2
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)9
Martes americana (American Marten)6
Masticophis flagellum (Coachwhip)2
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)5
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)5
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)9
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)3
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)3
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)11
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)5
Neovison vison (American Mink)2
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)3
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)8
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)4
Pituophis ruthveni (Louisiana Pine Snake)2
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)5
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)3
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)10
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)3
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)3
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)3
Strix occidentalis (Spotted Owl)2
Strix varia (Barred Owl)29
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)7
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)3
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)9
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)5
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)6
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)8
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)4
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)21
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)2

Providers

Shelter 
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)[6]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[6]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[6]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[6]
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)[6]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[6]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[6]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Avioserpens galliardi <Unverified Name>[30]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[30]
Capillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[30]
Centrorhynchus kuntzi[30]
Chandleronema longigutturata <Unverified Name>[30]
Cyathostoma americanum <Unverified Name>[30]
Desportesius invaginatus <Unverified Name>[30]
Echinoparyphium rubrum <Unverified Name>[30]
Echinostoma trivolvis <Unverified Name>[30]
Habronema mansioni <Unverified Name>[30]
Neodiplostomum americanum <Unverified Name>[30]
Neodiplostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[30]
Ophiosoma microcephalum <Unverified Name>[30]
Parastrigea tulipoides <Unverified Name>[30]
Phagicola longa[30]
Physaloptera buteonis <Unverified Name>[30]
Physocephalus sexalatus[30]
Porrocaecum angusticolle <Unverified Name>[30]
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[30]
Procyrnea mansioni <Unverified Name>[30]
Strigea falconis[30]
Synhimantus hamatus <Unverified Name>[30]
Tetrameres accipiter <Unverified Name>[30]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
America's Teaching Zoo
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Audubon Zoo
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
 borealis
Birmingham Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bramble Park Zoo
Brevard Zooborealis
Bronx Children's Zoo
Brookgreen Gardens
Caldwell Zoo
Cape May County Park Zooborealis
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkborealis
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Cosley Zoo
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zooborealis
Disney's Animal Kingdomborealis
Ellen Trout Zoo
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Great Plains Zoo
 harlani
Guadalajara Zoohadropus
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
 umbrinus
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
John G. Shedd Aquarium
 borealis
Knoxville Zoological Gardensborealis
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
 calurus
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Mill Mountain Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
 borealis
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moonridge Animal Park
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Niabi Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Parkborealis
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 harlani
Orange County Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Pocatello Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Project Wildlife
Queens Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zooborealis
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Sacramento Zoocalurus
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
 calurus
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
 calurus
Scovill Zoo
 borealis
Silver Springs Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
South Carolina Aquarium
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center
St. Paul's Como Zooborealis
Sunset Zoo
Tallahassee Museum of History andborealis
Texas Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Raptor Foundation
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Park
Tracy Aviary
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zooborealis
Utica Zooborealis
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Park
Walford & North Shropshire College
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Wildlife Safari Inccalurus
Wildlife World Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardenscalurus
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
 calurus
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)borealis
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenborealis
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivarcostaricensis

Range Map

Link to Map
Caribbean; North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 22-Sep-2011, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Snyder, NFR, and JW Wiley. 1976. Sexual size dimorphism in hawks and owls of North America. Ornithol. Monogr. 20:1-96 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 7Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 8Neotoma cinerea, Felisa A. Smith, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 564, pp. 1-8 (1997) 9Blarina carolinensis, Timothy S. McCay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 673, pp. 1–7 (2001) 10FOOD HABITS AND NEST CHARACTERISTICS OF BREEDING RAPTORS IN SOUTHWESTERN WYOMING, Patricia A. MacLaren, Stanley H. Anderson, and Douglas E. Runde, Great Basin Naturalist Vol. 48, No. 4 pp. 548-553 (1988) 11Geomys breviceps, James M. Sulentich, Lawrence R. Williams, and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 383, pp. 1-4 (1991) 12Glaucomys sabrinus, Nancy Wells-Gosling and Lawrence R. Heaney, Mammalian Species No. 229, pp. 1-8 (1984) 13The Breeding Ecology of Least Bitterns (Ixobrychus exilis) at Agassiz and Mingo National Wildlife Refuges, Karen Elizabeth Arnold, Thesis for Master of Science Major in Wildlife and Fisheries South Dakota State University 2005 14Neotoma fuscipes, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 386, pp. 1-10 (1991) 15Neotoma lepida, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 699, pp. 1–12 (2002) 16Scapanus latimanus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 666, pp. 1–7 (2001) 17Sciurus arizonensis, Troy L. Best and Suzanne Riedel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 496, pp. 1-5 (1995) 18Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994) 19Sciurus niger, John L. Koprowski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 479, pp. 1-9 (1994) 20Spermophilus brunneus, Eric Yensen and Paul W. Sherman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 560, pp. 1-5 (1997) 21Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 22Spermophilus elegans, David A. Zegers, Mammalian Species No. 214, pp. 1-7 (1984) 23Spermophilus saturatus, Stephan C. Trombulak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 322, pp. 1-4 (1988) 24Spermophilus townsendii, Eric A. Rickart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 268, pp. 1-6 (1987) 25Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978) 26Sylvilagus bachmani, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 34, pp. 1-4 (1974) 27Sylvilagus nuttallii, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 56, pp. 1-3 (1975) 28Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989) 29Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 30Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011