Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Parabuteo > Parabuteo unicinctus
 

Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk; Harris' Hawk)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Harris's hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus) formerly known as the bay-winged hawk or dusky hawk, is a medium-large bird of prey that breeds from the southwestern United States south to Chile and central Argentina.
View Wikipedia Record: Parabuteo unicinctus

Infraspecies

Parabuteo unicinctus harrisi (Eastern Harris' hawk)
Parabuteo unicinctus unicinctus (Bay-winged hawk)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.67365
EDGE Score: 2.36778

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.86 lbs (844 g)
Birth Weight [2]  50 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.20 lbs (998 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.52 lbs (690 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  44.6 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  3
Clutches / Year [4]  2
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [4]  34 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  25 years
Wing Span [6]  3.6 feet (1.1 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Casa Grande National Monument V 468 Arizona, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay      
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis National Park II 50473 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera San Guillermo Biosphere Reserve 2446343 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Abrocoma bennettii (Chinchilla-rat)[7]
Abrothrix longipilis (long-haired grass mouse)[7]
Abrothrix olivaceus (Manso grass mouse)[7]
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)[8]
Octodon degus (Degus)[7]
Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)[7]
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)[9]
Phyllotis darwini (Darwin's leaf-eared mouse)[7]
Spalacopus cyanus (Coruro)[10]
Tachymenis peruviana (Peru Slender Snake)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)3
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)6
Buteo albicaudatus (White-tailed Hawk)1
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)5
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)2
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)1
Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)4
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)2
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)6
Geococcyx californianus (Greater Roadrunner)1
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)4
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Leopardus colocolo (Colocolo)1
Leopardus guigna (Kodkod)3
Lycalopex fulvipes (Darwin's Fox)1
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)1
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)3
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Strix rufipes (Rufous-legged Owl)3
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)6

Predators

Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[9]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[9]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Neodiplostomum biovatum <Unverified Name>[11]
Physaloptera inflata <Unverified Name>[11]
Strigea arcuata <Unverified Name>[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Akron Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
Amazon World
America's Teaching Zoo
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Binder Park Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Caldwell Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Disney's Animal Kingdomsuperior
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Ecodrome CV
El Paso Zoo
 superior
Erie Zoological Gardens
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Gladys Porter Zooharrisi
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Guadalajara Zooharrisi
Henson Robinson Zoosuperior
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)superior
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnsuperior
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
National SEA LIFE Centre
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Ocean Park Corporation
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkharrisi
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoo
 superior
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 harrisi
San Diego Zoo
 harrisi
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Seneca Park Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Southwest Wildlife Conservation Center
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Tropical Butterfly House
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 superior
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

North America; Patfa Valley dry forests;

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Robin Carter

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Palmer, RS 1962–1988 Handbook of North American Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven CT. Volumes 1–5 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6On the allometry of wings, Enrique Morgado, Bruno Günther and Urcesino Gonzalez, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 60: 71-79, 1987 7Predation upon small mammals in shrublands and grasslands of southern South America: ecological correlates and presumable consequences, Fabian M. Jaksic, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 209-221 (1986) 8Neotoma micropus, J. K. Braun and M. A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 330, pp. 1-9 (1989) 9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 10Spalacopus cyanus, Juan C. Torres-Mura and Luis C. Contreras, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No.594, pp. 1-5 (1998) 11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2