Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Aquila > Aquila chrysaetos
 

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best-known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the most widely distributed species of eagle. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. These birds are dark brown, with lighter golden-brown plumage on their napes. Immature eagles of this species typically have white on the tail and often have white markings on the wings.
View Wikipedia Record: Aquila chrysaetos

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.23642
EDGE Score: 2.22315

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.40 lbs (4.26 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  111 grams
Female Weight [1]  10.20 lbs (4.63 kg)
Male Weight [1]  8.60 lbs (3.90 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  18.6 %
Female Maturity [2]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  4 years
Clutch Size [4]  2
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  40 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  48 years
Speed [5]  26.62 MPH (11.9 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  6.7 feet (2.03 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Botchinsky State Nature Reserve 660710 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bureinsky State Nature Reserve 885626 Khabarovsk, Russia
Camargue 546256 France  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gydansky State Nature Reserve 2170015 Yamalo-Nenets, Russia
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jiddat al Harasis (Arabian Oryx Sanctuary) II 6991712 Oman  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Koryak State Nature Reserve 808420 Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve 2822275 Kamchatka Krai , Russia
Kuznetsk Alatau State Nature Reserve 1020298 Kemerovo, Russia
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lapland State Nature Reserve 688028 Murmansk, Russia
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Magadan State Nature Reserve 2183959 Magadan, Russia
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Nenetsk State Nature Reserve 774428 Nenets, Russia
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Olekminsky State Nature Reserve 2093249 Sakha, Russia
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechery-Ilych State Nature Reserve 1782371 Komi, Russia
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pribaikalsky National Park 1031171 Irkutsk, Russia
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Putoransky State Nature Reserve 4663499 Evenki, Taimyr, Russia
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Cevennes Biosphere Reserve 798150 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Shorsky National Park 1022628 Kemerovo, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sochi National Park 478735 Krasnodar, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Trans-Baikal National Park 660209 Buryatia, Russia
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Tunkinsky National Park 2924892 Buryatia, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ust-Lensky State Nature Reserve 3541020 Sakha, Russia
Ustyurtskiy Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 567745 Kazakhstan  
Verkhne-Tazovsky State Nature Reserve 1564938 Yamalo-Nenets, Russia
Visherskii State Nature Reserve 596018 Perm, Russia
Vitimskii State Nature Reserve 1445618 Irkutsk, Russia
Vodlozersky National Park 1157293 Karelia, Arkhangelsk, Russia    
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangel Island State Nature Reserve 5499701 Chukotka, Russia    
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yugansky State Nature Reserve 1602814 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Yugyd Islands National Park 4674495 Komi, Russia
Yuzhno-Uralsky State Nature Reserve 624742 Chelyabinsk, Bashkortostan, Russia

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Abruzzo National Park Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
Adamello-Brenta Italy A3, B2, C6
Adovo-Chugrumski wetland Russia (European) A1, A3, B2
Aladaglar Turkey B2
Alam-Pedja Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges Spain C6
Alcudia valley and mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Almăjului Mountains: Locvei Romania C1, C6
Alpi Apuane Italy B2, C6
Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Antigorio and Formazza valleys Italy A3, B2, C6
Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi Italy B2, B3, C6
Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle Spain B1i, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka) Greece B2, C6
Ayllón mountain range Spain B2, C6
Šar Planina Mountain Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
Ötscher-Dürrenstein Austria B2, C6
Babia-Somiedo Spain A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Bardenas Reales Spain A3, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Belagua-Ansó-Hecho Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Belluno Dolomites Italy A1, B2, C1, C6
Beskid Niski Mountains Poland C1, C6
Bieszczady Mountains Poland C1, C6
Bolkar mountains Turkey A3, B2
Boumort mountains Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges Spain B2, C6
Cairngorms United Kingdom A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Carniche Alps Italy B2, C6
Castro Verde plains Portugal A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Côa valley Portugal B2, C6
Călimani Mountains Romania C6
Central Badajoz mountain ranges Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Central Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Central Highland Hills and Glens United Kingdom A1, B2, C1, C6
Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains Spain B2, C6  
Central Valais between Sierre and Visp Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Cicolano Italy B2, B3, C6
Cijara reservoir Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile United Kingdom B2, C6
Cuenca mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Cuillins United Kingdom B2, C6
Defileul Crişului Repede: Iadului valley Romania C6
Dinara Croatia B2
Dobrostan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Domogled: Cernei valley Romania C6
Eastern Caucasus Georgia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Ernici and Simbruini mountains Italy B2, C6
Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains Greece A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Forêts domaniales de Corse France A1, A2, A3, B2, C1, C2, C6
Furlo gorge and Mount Catria Italy B3, C6
Gorayk Armenia A1, B2
Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte France A1, B2, C1, C6
Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Gran Paradiso Italy A3, B2, C6
Gran Sasso and Laga mountains Italy A3, B2, C1, C6
Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Guara mountain range Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Haghartsin Armenia A1, A2, A3, B2
Haut Giffre France B2, C6
Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau France B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Hohe Tauern National Park Austria B2, C6
Irendyk ridge Russia (European) A1, B2
Jermook Armenia A1, B2, B3
Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Kaisergebirge Austria B2, B3, C6
Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Kõnnumaa-Väätsa Estonia C6
Kõrvemaa Estonia C6
Kotlenska Mountain Bulgaria A1, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Kraka Mountain Russia (European) A1, B2
La Demanda mountains Spain B2, C6
La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Las Villuercas mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Lefka mountains Greece B2, C6
Lessini and Pasubio mountains Italy C6
Levocské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Lewis Peatlands United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C3, C6  
Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Ligurian Alps Italy B2, C6
Loch Maree and Nearby Lochs and Mountains United Kingdom B2, C6  
Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Lura Albania B2
Madonie Italy A1, C1, C6
Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
María mountain range-Los Vélez Spain B2, C6
Marina mountain ranges Spain B2, C2, C6
Maritime Alps Italy A3, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Marmara Islands Turkey A3, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Matese Italy B2, B3, C6
Meghri Armenia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Monfragüe Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Monteixo-L'Orri-Tornafort Spain B2, C6
Montes Aquilanos range Spain B2, B3, C6
Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range Spain B2, C6
Montesinho and Nogueira mountains Portugal B2, B3, C6
Montsech and Montgai mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Moratalla mountain range Spain C6
Mount Dikti Greece B2, C6  
Mount Falakro Greece B2, C6
Mount Gramos Greece B2, C6
Mount Idi Greece B2, B3, C6  
Mount Paramithias Greece B3, C6
Mount Sette Fratelli and Sarrabus Italy B2, B3, C6
Mountain valley of Zilim river Russia (European) A1, B2
Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Mourão, Moura e Barrancos Portugal A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Nízke Tatry Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Nemrut volcano Turkey B1i, B2
Nerei gorge: Beuşniţa Romania C1, C6
Niedere Tauern Austria B2, C6
North Harris Mountains United Kingdom B2, C6
North-east Turkey Turkey A1, A3, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2
Northern Kalkalpen Austria B2, C6
Obarenes mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Orobie Alps and pre-Alps Italy A3, B2, C6
Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu Italy A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Padiş: Vlădeasa mountain Romania C1, C6
Parc National de la Vanoise France A3, B2, C2, C6
Parc National des Ecrins France B2, C2, C6
Parc National du Mercantour France B2, B3, C2, C6
Park, Lewis United Kingdom B2, C6
Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain Spain B2, C6
Peñagolosa Spain B2, B3, C6
Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, B2
Persenk Bulgaria B2, C6
Picos de Europa mountain range Spain A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6  
Pila mountain range Spain B2, C6
Pirin Bulgaria A3, B2, B3, C6
Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Pollino Italy B2, C6
Ponor Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada Spain B2, C2, C6
Priel'brus'ye National Park Russia (European) A1, A2, A3, B2
Prokletije Serbia A3, B2, B3
Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero Spain A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Retezat Mountains Romania C6
Rieti mountains Italy B2, C6
Rila Bulgaria A3, B2, B3, C6
River Crna gorge Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, B2
River Guadiana Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
River Jalón canyon Spain C6
River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
River Radika catchment Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons Spain B2, C2, C6
Rodnei Mountains Romania C6
Rois-bheinn United Kingdom B2, C6
Sabôr and Maçãs Portugal B2, B3, C6
San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret Spain A3, B2, C2, C6
Sara mountain Serbia A1, A3, B2
Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Serras do Alvão e Marão Portugal C6
Sierra Morena de Córdoba Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Sierra Morena de Sevilla Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Sierra Nevada mountain range Spain B2, C2, C6
Silvretta and Verwall Austria B2, B3, C6
Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains Italy A1, B2, C1, C6
Sjaunja Sweden A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Slonne Mountains Poland C1, C6
Soomaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
South forest complex of Evros prefecture Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Stara mountain-Vidlic Serbia B2, B3
Stelvio National Park Italy A3, B2, C6
Strandzha Bulgaria A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Susa and Chisone valleys Italy A3, B2, C6
Tara mountain Serbia B2
Tarvisio Forest Italy B2, B3, C6
Tatry Slovakia A1, A3, B2, B3
Teberdinski Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, A2, A3, B1iv, B2
Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains Greece A3, B2, C6
Toledo mountains-Cabañeros Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges Spain B2, C6
Trascău Mountains Romania C1, C6
Trigrad-Mursalitsa Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Tuhu-Kesu Estonia C6
Uludag Turkey B2
Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys Portugal B2, C2, C6
Upper River Tejo Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Upper Toggenburg and Säntis Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Uryuk Russia (European) A1, B2
Uvac-Milesevka Serbia A1, B2
Valjevske mountains Serbia B2
Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier France B2, C6
Valley of Zermatt Switzerland A3, B2, B3
Velká Fatra Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Vindelfjällen mountains (including Lake Tärnasjön) Sweden A3, B2, C6
Vlora Bay, Karaburun Peninsula and Cika mountain Albania B2
Vodlozero Russia (European) A1, B2
Volovské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Western Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Zangezoor Armenia A1, A2, A3, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Albania
Scotland

Prey / Diet

Aplodontia rufa (mountain beaver)[6]
Capra caucasica cylindricornis (East Caucasian tur)[7]
Centrocercus urophasianus (Sage Grouse)[8]
Conepatus leuconotus (American Hog-nosed Skunk)[9]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[10]
Cynomys leucurus (white-tailed prairie dog)[8]
Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog)[11]
Glis glis (fat dormouse)[12]
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)[10]
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)[13]
Lagopus muta (Rock Ptarmigan)[10]
Lemmus lemmus (Norway lemming)[10]
Lepus alleni (Antelope Jackrabbit)[14]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[13]
Lepus californicus (Black-tailed Jackrabbit)[15]
Lepus timidus (Mountain Hare)[10]
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)[8]
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)[13]
Martes americana (American Marten)[16]
Martes zibellina (Sable)[17]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[18]
Ochotona curzoniae (Plateau Pika)[19]
Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)[20]
Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)[21]
Procapra gutturosa (Mongolian gazelle)[22]
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)[10]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[23]
Spilogale gracilis (Western Spotted Skunk)[24]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[8]
Sylvilagus nuttallii (Nuttall's cottontail)[25]
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)[26]
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)[13]
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[8]
Urocyon littoralis (Island Fox)[27]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[28]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[29]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)1
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)4
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)2
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)6
Buteo hemilasius (Upland Buzzard)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)6
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)1
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)5
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)3
Canis latrans (Coyote)19
Canis lupus (Wolf)11
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)1
Crotalus cerberus (viridis)1
Cuon alpinus (Dhole)1
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)1
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)3
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)6
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)1
Felis manul (Pallas's Cat)2
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)4
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Haliaeetus albicilla (White-tailed Eagle)1
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)3
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)6
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)4
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)11
Martes americana (American Marten)3
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)2
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1
Mustela altaica (Mountain Weasel)1
Mustela eversmanii (Steppe Polecat)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)2
Mustela nigripes (Black-footed Ferret)2
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)1
Neovison vison (American Mink)2
Panthera tigris (Tiger)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)3
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)2
Puma concolor (Cougar)5
Rattus rattus (black rat)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)1
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)6
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)3
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)3
Ursus americanus (black bear)2
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)8
Vipera berus (Adder, Northern Viper)1
Vulpes ferrilata (Tibetan Sand Fox)1
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)4
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)2
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)11
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amphipsylla schelkovnikovi[30]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus[30]
Chandlerella falconis <Unverified Name>[31]
Hovorkonema americanum <Unverified Name>[31]
Ligula intestinalis[31]
Neodiplostomum paraspathula <Unverified Name>[31]
Neodiplostomum spathula <Unverified Name>[31]
Porrocaecum angusticolle <Unverified Name>[31]
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[31]
Procyrnea spinosa <Unverified Name>[31]
Strigea falconis[31]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[31]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
 canadensis
Al Ain Zoo
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 homeryi
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
 chrysaetos
America's Teaching Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoocanadensis
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuarycanadensis
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
 canadensis
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
 chrysaetos
Coyote Point Museum
Dakota Zoo
Dickerson Park Zoo
El Paso Zoo
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Guadalajara Zoo
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kolmardens Djurpark ABchrysaetos
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)canadensis
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunndaphanea
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Parkcanadensis
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolechrysaetos
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniuchrysaetos
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 canadensis
Orange County Zoocanadensis
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.daphanea
 japonica
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
 chrysaetos
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Pocatello Zoo
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Pueblo Zoocanadensis
Ranua Wildlife Parkchrysaetos
Red River Zoo
Riga Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Parkcanadensis
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Silver Springs Parkcanadensis
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Parkjaponica
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Hawk Conservancychrysaetos
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Parkcanadensis
Tracy Aviary
 canadensis
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoocanadensis
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dortmunddaphanea
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 homeryi
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoobotanico de Jerezhomeryi
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
ZooMontana

Range Map

Azas Zapovednik; Bassegi Zapovednik; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Kochert, MN, K. Steenhof, CL McIntyre, and EH Craig. 2002. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). In The Birds of North America, no. 684 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Birds of North America, Philadelphia 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Aplodontia rufa, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 431, pp. 1-10 (1993) 7Capra cylindricornis, Paul J. Weinberg, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 695, pp. 1–9 (2002) 8FOOD HABITS AND NEST CHARACTERISTICS OF BREEDING RAPTORS IN SOUTHWESTERN WYOMING, Patricia A. MacLaren, Stanley H. Anderson, and Douglas E. Runde, Great Basin Naturalist Vol. 48, No. 4 pp. 548-553 (1988) 9Conepatus leuconotus (Carnivora: Mephitidae), JERRY W. DRAGOO AND STEVEN R. SHEFFIELD, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 827:1–8 (2009) 10Golden Eagles on the Swedish mountain tundra – diet and breeding success in relation to prey fluctuations, Jesper Nyström, Johan Ekenstedt, Anders Angerbjörn, Linda Thulin, Peter Hellström & Love Dalén, Ornis Fennica 83:145–152. 2006 11Cynomys ludovicianus, John L. Hoogland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 535, pp. 1-10 (1996) 12Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae), BORIS KRYSTUFEK, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(865):195–206 (2010) 13Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 14Lepus alleni, Troy L. Best and Travis Hill Henry, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 424, pp. 1-8 (1993) 15Lepus californicus, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 530, pp. 1-10 (1996) 16Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987) 17Martes zibellina (Carnivora: Mustelidae), VLADIMIR G. MONAKHOV, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(876):75–86 (2011) 18Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990) 19The plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) is a keystone species for biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau, Andrew T. Smith and J. Marc Foggin, Animal Conservation (1999) 2, 235–240 20Odocoileus hemionus, Allen E. Anderson and Olof C. Wallmo, Mammalian Species No. 219, pp. 1-9 (1984) 21Spermophilus variegatus, Emily C. Oaks, Paul J. Young, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr., and David F. Schmidt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 272, pp. 1-8 (1987) 22Procapra gutturosa, Vladimir E. Sokolov and Anna A. Lushchekina, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 571, pp. 1-5 (1997) 23Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994) 24Spilogale gracilis, B. J. Verts, Leslie N. Carraway, and Al Kinlaw, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 674, pp. 1–10 (2001) 25Sylvilagus nuttallii, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 56, pp. 1-3 (1975) 26Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991) 274.4 Island fox, Urocyon littoralis, G.W. Roemer, T.J. Coonan, L. Munson and R.K. Wayne, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 28Alopex lagopus, Alexandra M. Audet, C. Brian Robbins, and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 713, pp. 1–10 (2002) 29SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SWIFT FOX (VULPES VELOX) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, prepared for United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, December 2003 30International Flea Database 31Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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