Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Aquila > Aquila clanga
 

Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga), occasionally just called the spotted eagle, is a large bird of prey. Like all typical eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. The typical eagles are often united with the buteos (Buteo), sea eagles (Haliaetus) and other more heaviset Accipitridae, but it appears as if they are less distinct from the more slender accipitrine hawks than believed.
View Wikipedia Record: Aquila clanga

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
45
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.15978
EDGE Score: 3.20434

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.23 lbs (1.92 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  110 grams
Clutch Size [3]  2
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Migration [2]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Alania National Park 135725 North Ossetia, Russia
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bashkiria National Park 205592 Bashkortostan, Russia
Bashkirsky State Nature Reserve 274648 Bashkortostan, Russia
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Camargue 546256 France  
Chavash Varmane National Park 62271 Chuvash, Russia
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Costa Viola 72711 Italy  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Doliny Wkry i Mlawki 71047 Poland  
Emajõe suudmeala ja Piirissaare 84458 Estonia  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Ilmensky Zapovednik Ia 84955 Chelyabinsk, Russia
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve 239873 Amur, Russia
Khvalynsky National Park 63046 Saratov, Russia
Kologrivsky Forest State Nature Reserve 145792 Kostroma, Russia      
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kuznetsk Alatau State Nature Reserve 1020298 Kemerovo, Russia
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Meschera National Park 293457 Vladimir, Russia
Meshchersky National Park 254553 Ryazan, Russia
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
NOTIA MANI 78232 Greece  
NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU 72341 Greece  
NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU 71214 Greece    
Nakai-Nam Theun National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 878205 Laos  
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU 120853 Greece  
OROS MAVROVOUNI 91743 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Orlovsky Polesie National Park 192112 Orel, Russia
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Biebrzanska 366973 Poland  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polistovsky State Nature Reserve 93858 Pskov, Russia
Pribaikalsky National Park 1031171 Irkutsk, Russia
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Pripyshminskie Forests National Park 120414 Sverdlovsk, Russia
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Augustowska 332055 Poland  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Rdeysky State Nature Reserve 91236 Novgorod, Russia
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Russkiy Sever National Park 411183 Vologda, Russia
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sebezhsky National Park 123605 Pskov, Russia
Severo-Osetinsky State Nature Reserve 72970 North Ossetia, Russia
Shushensky Bor National Park 96791 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Smolenskoe Poozerie National Park 361359 Smolensk, Russia
Smolny National Park 89909 Mordovia, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Suha Reka 63678 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tunkinsky National Park 2924892 Buryatia, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ugra National Park 243703 Kaluga, Russia
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Valdai National Park 391566 Novgorod, Russia
Visherskii State Nature Reserve 596018 Perm, Russia
Vitosha 67608 Bulgaria  
Vodlozersky National Park 1157293 Karelia, Arkhangelsk, Russia      
Voronezh Biosphere Reserve 76734 Voronezh, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yuzhno-Uralsky State Nature Reserve 624742 Chelyabinsk, Bashkortostan, Russia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Aden Yemen A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Ain Sukhna Egypt A1, A3, A4iv
Al'manskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Al-Ha'ir Saudi Arabia A1, B1i, B2
Alam-Pedja Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
Alekseevskie steppe pine forests Kazakhstan A1, A3
Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Altay forest and steppe China (mainland) A1, A3
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ang Tropeang Thmor Cambodia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Angren Plateau Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4ii
Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal A1, A2, A3
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area between Qinghai Hu and A'nyêmaqên China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Argun' river Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Asan Barrage India A1, A4i
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ayeyarwaddy River: Bagan Section Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Čyrvonaje Belarus A1
Balagansk forest-steppe Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Balota Zvaniec Belarus A1, B2, B3
Bannerghataa National Park India A1, A2, A3
Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand India A1, A4i, A4iii
Barandabhar forests and wetlands Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube Russia (European) A1, B2
Bardia National Park Nepal A1, A4i
Basai wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Baturino-Simansky area Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Bauwwa Beel India A1
Beidagang China (mainland) A1
Bekovskoye forest Russia (European) A1
Bel'skaya flood-plain Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Belozersk lakes Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Berd' river valley Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Berkubinski forest Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Bhal area India A1
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A4i
Biarezina-Hajna Belarus A1, B2, B3
Biarezinski zapaviednik Belarus A1, B2
Biebrza river valley Poland C1, C2, C6
Bielaviežškaja Pušča Belarus A1, B2, B3
Bintang Range Malaysia A1, A2, A3
Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya Russia (European) A1, B2
Biyskiye pine forests Russia (Central Asian) A1
Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Bogda (Tian Chi) China (mainland) A1, A3
Bondar marsh Ukraine A1, B2
Bordoibam: Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary India A1
Bordoloni: Sampora India A1, A2, A4i
Buinakskaya depression Russia (European) A1, B2
Bulukhta area Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Burlinskaya forest band Russia (Central Asian) A1
Burqin River and Kanas Lake China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Bystroistokskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Carambolim Wetlands India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Chakrashila Complex India A1, A4i, A4iii
Chapaevskie Limans Russia (European) A1, A4iii
Chavanščyna Belarus A1, B2
Cheonsu Bay South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii  
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Cikiny astravy Belarus A1, B1i
Corbett Tiger Reserve India A1
Costa Viola Italy A1, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C3, C5
D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Dalai Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Dali Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river Russia (European) A1
Desert National Park India A1, A3
Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj India A1, A2
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Dipor Beel Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Dongting Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Downstream of Ik river Russia (European) A1, B1i
Dresvyanskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Dudhwa National Park India A1, A3, A4i
Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest) Kazakhstan A1, A3
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Flamingo city India A1, A4iii
Flood plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages Russia (European) A1
Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera Russia (European) A1
Flood-plain of Lukh river between Lukh and Myt villages Russia (European) A1
Flood-plain of Tuy river Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Flood-plain of Volkhov river Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Floodplain of Oka river in Vachski district of N.Novgorod region and adjacent areas of Vladimir region Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys Ukraine A1, B2, B3
Fujian Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Funiu Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Gocheonam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Gongliu spruce forest China (mainland) A1, A3
Gornaya Kolyvan' Russia (Central Asian) A1
Gorumara National Park India A1, A2
Grass Hills India A1, A2
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Hail Haor Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hanle Plains (Hanle River marshes) India A1
Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Haur Al Hammar Iraq A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Holqin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Homeland of the Crane (Dubna marshes and adjacent areas) Russia (European) A1, B1i
Hula valley Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Ili River basin China (mainland) A1, A3
Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Indus Waterfowl Refuge Pakistan A1, A2
Inle Bird Sanctuary (including Balu Chuang, Sagar and Mobye) Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Inner Gulf of Thailand Thailand A1, A4i, A4iii
Irnykshinskie marshes Russia (European) A1
Jamjing and Sengajan India A1
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jhanjimukh: Kokilamukh India A1, A4i
Jubo Ramsar Site Pakistan A1, A4iii
Kadda Guéïni: Doumêra Djibouti A1, A4iv
Kaj Lake Pipalava Bandharo India A1, A4i
Kalamas estuary Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kaltasinski forest Russia (European) A1, B2
Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Kamsko-Yayvenski wetland Russia (European) A1, B2
Karakansky pine forest Russia (Central Asian) A1
Karavasta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage India A1
Kattampally India A1
Kawar or Kabar Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Kayakentski reserve Russia (European) A1
Kaz'jany Belarus A1, B2, B3
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Käntu-Kastja Estonia A1, C1, C6
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4iii
Khawr Rouri Oman B1i, B2, B3
Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Khrenovski forest Russia (European) A1, B2
Klyazminski reserve Russia (European) A1, B1i
Klyazminsko-Balakhninskaya lowland Russia (European) A1
Kole Wetland India A1, A4i, A4iii
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Kranji Singapore A1, A3, A4i
Krasnokamski forest Russia (European) A1
Krishnarajasagar Reservoir India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kulundinskaya forest band Russia (Central Asian) A1
Kunes forest China (mainland) A1, A3
Kunthur: Kallur Lakes India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kuplongskaya Russia (European) A1, B2
Kurra Jheel India A1, A4iii
Kuznetski Alatau Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Kvarkush and Zolotoy Kamen' ridges Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary: Tsomgo: Tamze: Chola Complex India A1, A2, A3
L'va floodplain Belarus A1, B2
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lakh-Bahosi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Lal Sohanra National Park Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Laman-Kam area Russia (European) A1
Langtang National Park Nepal A1, A2, A3
Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries India A1, A2
Laotieshan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iv
Liebiadziny Moch Belarus A1, B2
Lingambudhi Lake and environs India A1, A4i, A4iii
Loktak Lake and Keibul Lamjao National Park India A1, A4iii
Lower Central Plain Thailand A1, A4i, A4iii
Madhav National Park India A1
Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary: Tendong Reserve Forest India A1, A2, A3
Mahul: Sewree Creek India A1, A4i, A4iii
Mai Valley forests Nepal A1, A2, A3
Majuli India A1, A2, A4iii
Malaki dam Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Manas National Park India A1, A2
Manchar Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Măcin: Niculiţel Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Mehboob Shah Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Meihua Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Meric delta Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Mid Prypiac' Belarus A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Min Jiang Estuary China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Mishkinski forest tract Russia (European) A1
Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, B2
Mori Grassland China (mainland) A1, A3
Mount Huang Shan China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Mount Kroussia (or Mavrovouni) Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Mount Tuomuer Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Mountain valley of Ai river Russia (European) A1, B2
Mountain valley of Zilim river Russia (European) A1, B2
Moyingyi Bird Sanctuary Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Nadi Kan Myanmar A1
Nagarhole National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Rajeev National Park (Tiger Reserve) India A1
Nakawan Range Malaysia A1, A3
Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Namdapha: Kamlang India A1, A2
Nameri National Park India A1, A2
Nara canal wetlands (including Soonhari, Sadhori and Sanghriaro lakes) Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Narasambudhi Lake India A1, A4i
Narora India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Agra/Etawah) India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) India A1, A4iii
Navegaon National Park India A1, A3
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Nawalparasi forests Nepal A1
Naya Bandh Wetland Complex India A1
Nerussa: Desna woodland Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
North Baikal wetlands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
North-East Conservation Area Singapore A1, A3, A4i
Northern Santuk Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Northern slope of Khamar-Daban mountains Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Okhla Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Okhlebininskaya flood-plain of river Belaya Russia (European) A1
Okski Biosphere Reserve Russia (European) A1
Onon-Balj Mongolia A1, A4i
Orqohan China (mainland) A1
Ozersky pine forest Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Pabho Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Palamau Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary: Zuluk: Bedang Tso: Natula Complex India A1, A2, A3
Pangquangou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Patna Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Pavlovskoye reservoir Russia (European) A1
Pcič floodplain Belarus A1
Pededze forest and Parabaine Latvia A1, B2
Pench Tiger Reserve India A1
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Phoosna Wetlands Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Pine forest at village Redut Russia (Central Asian) A1
Polesie Reserve Belarus A1, B2, B3
Poyang Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Proslaukhinskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1
Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Prypiackija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Pugri Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Qapqal grassland and wetland China (mainland) A1, A3
Rajaji National Park India A1
Rangananthittu Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i
Rasskazan' lake and flood-plain of Khoper river Russia (European) A1
Redrovski Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1
Riat Khwan: Umiam Lake India A1, A2
Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Rychkovskaya forest-steppe Russia (European) A1
Saihan Ul Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Saman Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Sanjay Gandhi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Sanjiang Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Sariska Tiger Reserve India A1
Sayram Nur China (mainland) A1, A3
Semey Ormany (Semipalatinsk Forest) Kazakhstan A1
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shatt Al Arab marshes Iraq A1, A2, A4i, B1i, B2
She Dao Island China (mainland) A1, A4i    
Sheikha Jheel India A1, A4i, A4iii
Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills Russia (European) A1, B2
Simlipal National Park India A1, A3
Singhalila National Park India A1, A2
Smolenskoye Poozer'ye Russia (European) A1
Sokino Russia (European) A1
Son Beel India A1
Sondugski Reserve and its outskirts Russia (European) A1
South Baikal migratory corridor Russia (Asian) A1, A4iv
South forest complex of Evros prefecture Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Stary Žadzien Belarus A1
Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay Cambodia A1, A3
Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Suez Egypt A1, A4iv
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
Sultanpur National Park India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve (National Park) India A1
Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Taloda Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Tanguar Haor and Panabeel Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Tanjung Tuan Malaysia A1, A3, A4iv
Taung Kan at Sedawgyi Myanmar A1, A4iii
Tere-Khol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Terekhovski oak-forest Russia (European) A1
Thane Creek India A1, A4ii
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Toranmal Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Torey lakes (including Daursky Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tsninski Forest Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Tso Lhamo Plateau: Lashar: Sebu La: Yumesamdong Complex India A1, A2, A3
Tumuji Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Tunkin valley Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Ufimskoye plateau Russia (European) A1, B2
Upper Dihing (East) Complex India A1, A2
Upper Stung Sen Catchment Cambodia A1, A4i
Upper Voronezh forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Uryuk Russia (European) A1, B2
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Uzkaya Steppe Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Valley of Bashlychai river Russia (European) A1
Valley of Zhizdra river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Veal Srongae Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Vecumi Latvia A1, B2
Vedanthangal and Karikili Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Velavadar National Park India A1, A4ii
Velipoja Albania A1
Vetluga floodplain in the Nizhni Novgorod region Russia (European) A1
Vieluta Belarus A1
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary India A1
Volchva Belarus A1
Voronezhski Nature Reserve Russia (European) A1, B2
Vydryca Belarus A1
Vyhanaščanskija baloty Belarus A1, B2, B3
Wanmulin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Watershed of Bel'skaya and Nugush rivers Russia (European) A1
Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Western Negev Israel A1, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Western Siem Pang Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wuda Lianchi Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yel'tsovskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Yemyet Inn Myanmar A1, A4i
Yeongam-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Zarafshan State Nature Reserve Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Zavidovo Nature Reserve, including Lotoshinski, Klinski and Diatlovo fish-ponds Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Zаlazniki, Beli, Urino and Leskovo area Russia (European) A1

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Anas crecca (Green-winged Teal)[4]
Anas penelope (Eurasian Wigeon)[4]
Egretta garzetta (Little Egret)[4]
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)[4]
Fulica atra (Eurasian Coot)[4]
Gallinula chloropus (Common Moorhen)[4]
Rallus aquaticus (Water Rail)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)2
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)1
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum milvi <Unverified Name>[5]
Dispharynx capitata <Unverified Name>[5]
Neodiplostomum spathoides <Unverified Name>[5]
Neodiplostomum spathula <Unverified Name>[5]
Nephroechinostoma aquilae <Unverified Name>[5]
Opisthorchis geminus <Unverified Name>[5]
Philophthalmus proboscidus <Unverified Name>[5]
Porrocaecum angusticolle <Unverified Name>[5]
Strigea falconis[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Giza Zoological Garden
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4WINTER DIET OF THE GREATER SPOTTED EAGLE (AQUILA CLANGA) IN THE AMVRAKIKOS WETLANDS, GREECE, HARALAMBOS ALIVIZATOS, DIMITRIS PAPANDROPOULOS, STAMATIS ZOGARIS, J Raptor Res. 38(4):371-374 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011