Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Haliaeetus > Haliaeetus leucocephalus
 

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus Greek hali = salt, aeetus = eagle, leuco = white, cephalis = head) is a bird of prey found in North America. It is the national bird of the United States of America and appears on its Seal. This sea eagle has two known sub-species and forms a species pair with the White-tailed Eagle. Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Infraspecies

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10.45 lbs (4.74 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  117 grams
Female Weight [1]  11.79 lbs (5.35 kg)
Male Weight [1]  9.11 lbs (4.13 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  29.5 %
Female Maturity [3]  4 years
Male Maturity [3]  4 years
Clutch Size [4]  2
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  35 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  48 years
Wing Span [5]  7.5 feet (2.3 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Bunaken Manado Tua Marine National Park II 241403 Indonesia  
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Komandorsk Biosphere Reserve 9016082 Kamchatka Krai , Russia      
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve 2822275 Kamchatka Krai , Russia
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Chehalis River Estuary Canada A4i
Squamish River Area Canada A4ii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

United States

Prey / Diet

Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)[6]
Haliotis kamtschatkana (pinto abalone)[6]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[6]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[7]
Lithobates palustris (Pickerel Frog)[7]
Martes americana (American Marten)[8]
Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Cutthroat trout)[6]
Pugettia producta (northern kelp crab)[6]
Salvelinus malma malma (Dolly varden)[6]
Spermophilus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[9]
Sylvilagus palustris (Marsh Rabbit)[10]
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)[8]
Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[11]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)1
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)2
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)1
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)3
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)2
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)1
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)2
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)2
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)2
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)1
Hemiechinus auritus (Long-eared Hedgehog)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)1
Lontra canadensis (northern river otter)1
Lynx canadensis (lynx)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)1
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)1
Neovison vison (American Mink)2
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)1
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)2
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2

Predators

Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[12]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Andracantha mergi[13]
Andracantha phalacrocoracis[13]
Arhythmorhynchus brevis[13]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[13]
Capillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[13]
Centrorhynchus kuntzi[13]
Chandleronema longigutturata <Unverified Name>[13]
Cladotaenia banghami <Unverified Name>[13]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[13]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[13]
Contracaecum multipapillatum <Unverified Name>[13]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[13]
Corynosoma strumosum[13]
Desportesius invaginatus <Unverified Name>[13]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[13]
Mesostephanus appendiculatoides[13]
Microparyphium facetum <Unverified Name>[13]
Neodiplostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[13]
Phagicola longa[13]
Phagicola nana <Unverified Name>[13]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[13]
Southwellina hispida[13]
Strigea falconis[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
 alascensis
Albuquerque Biological Parkalascensis
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zooalascensis
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
 alascensis
Audubon Aquarium of the Americasleucocephalus
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
 alascensis
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
 alascensis
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Zoo
 alascensis
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bramble Park Zoo
Brevard Zoo
 leucocephalus
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Brookgreen Gardensleucocephalus
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
 alascensis
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
 leucocephalus
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
 alascensis
Chicago Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
 alascensis
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
 alascensis
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumalascensis
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
 alascensis
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
 alascensis
Detroit Zoological Society
 alascensis
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Ellen Trout Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Parkalascensis
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
 alascensis
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.leucocephalus
Hutchinson Zoo
Indianapolis Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
 alascensis
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
 leucocephalus
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 alascensis
Knoxville Zoological Gardensalascensis
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zooalascensis
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
 alascensis
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
 leucocephalus
Living Desert State Park (Carlsbad)leucocephalus
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
 alascensis
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
 leucocephalus
Louisville Zoological Gardenalascensis
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Micke Grove Zooleucocephalus
Miller Park Zooalascensis
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
Moonridge Animal Park
 alascensis
 leucocephalus
Moscow Zoological Park
 alascensis
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
NEW Zooalascensis
Niabi Zoo
North Carolina Zoological Parkleucocephalus
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
 alascensis
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
 leucocephalus
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Phoenix Zoo
Pocatello Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
 alascensis
Queens Zoo
Red River Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riverside Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zooalascensis
 leucocephalus
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 alascensis
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 leucocephalus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkalascensis
San Diego Zoo
 alascensis
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Scovill Zooalascensis
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zooalascensis
Silver Springs Parkleucocephalus
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Sunset Zooalascensis
Tallahassee Museum of History and
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
 leucocephalus
The Hawk Conservancy
The Philadelphia Zoo
 alascensis
The Raptor Foundation
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zooalascensis
Tracy Aviary
Trotter's World of Animals
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
 leucocephalus
Turtle Back Zoo
 leucocephalus
Utah's Hogle Zooalascensis
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkalascensis
 leucocephalus
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Inc
Willow Park Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensalascensis
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Boise
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo New England, Stone Zooalascensis
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 alascensis
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
ZooMontanaalascensis

Range Map

Link to Map
North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 22-Sep-2011, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Palmer, RS 1962–1988 Handbook of North American Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven CT. Volumes 1–5 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game 6Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 7Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 8Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 9Spermophilus richardsonii, Gail R. Michener and James W. Koeppl, Mammalian Species No. 243, pp. 1-8, (1985) 10Sylvilagus palustris, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, Mammalian Species No. 153, pp. 1-3 (1981) 11Alopex lagopus, Alexandra M. Audet, C. Brian Robbins, and Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 713, pp. 1–10 (2002) 12Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011