Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Haliaeetus > Haliaeetus pelagicus
 

Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle; Steller's Sea Eagle)

Wikipedia Abstract

Steller's sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) is a large bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found in coastal northeastern Asia and mainly preys on fish and water birds. On average, it is the heaviest eagle in the world, at about 5 to 9 kg (11 to 20 lb), but may be below the harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) and Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) in some standard measurements. This bird is named after the German naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller.
View Wikipedia Record: Haliaeetus pelagicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
54
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.74359
EDGE Score: 3.7606

Attributes

Clutch Size [2]  2
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Migration [1]  Intracontinental
Water Biome [1]  Rivers and Streams, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Botchinsky State Nature Reserve 660710 Khabarovsk, Russia
Dzhugdzhursky State Nature Reserve 2124998 Khabarovsk, Russia
Far East State Marine Reserve 158928 Primorsky Krai, Russia    
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Komandorsk Biosphere Reserve 9016082 Kamchatka Krai , Russia    
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Koryak State Nature Reserve 808420 Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve 2822275 Kamchatka Krai , Russia
Kurilsky State Nature Reserve 161520 Sakhalin, Russia    
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Magadan State Nature Reserve 2183959 Magadan, Russia
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Poronaisky State Nature Reserve 140096 Sakhalin, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Aldoma bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Amur river mouth Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Aniva bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii  
Avacha bay (Khlamovitskiy Wildlife Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Babushkina bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Bol'shoye and Maloye lakes Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Dal'dzi lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Hwajinpo-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i
Inya valley Russia (Asian) A1, A3
Karaginskiy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii  
Kava valley Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kharchinskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kievka and Chernaya river basins Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Kiritappu marsh, Biwase bay Japan A1, A3
Konstantin and Tugur bays Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kumya Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Kunashir island Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4ii  
Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Kuril'skoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Lake Akkeshiko, Bekanbeushi marsh Japan A1, A4i
Lake Furenko and nearby wetlands Japan A1, A3, A4i
Laotieshan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iv
Lopatka peninsula Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Kamchatka river Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Makovetskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Malamvayam lagoon Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Malkachan tundra Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Moroshechnaya river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Mukhtel' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i  
Nevskoye lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Nikolaya bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Notsuke bay, Odaito Japan A1, A3, A4i
Schast'ya bay Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i  
Semyachik lagoon Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shantar islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Shiretoko, Mount Syari-dake Japan A1, A3, A4i
Songji-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i  
Starichkov island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Stolbovoy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Taedong River estuary North Korea A1, A4i
Talan island Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii, A4iii
Tumen River at Jingxin-Fangchuan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tyk and Viakhtu bays Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Tyuleniy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Udyl' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Utashud island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Vakhil' river mouth Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yakumo Japan A1, A3
Zhupanovskiy lagoon Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Aethia cristatella (Crested Auklet)[3]
Anarhichas orientalis (Bering wolffish)[3]
Cepphus carbo (Spectacled Guillemot)[3]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[3]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[3]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[3]
Larus schistisagus (Slaty-backed Gull)[3]
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[4]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[3]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[3]
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)[3]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[3]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[3]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)1
Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hippoglossoides dubius (Flathead flounder)1
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)1
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)1
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)3
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Melanitta nigra (Black Scoter)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 pelagicus
Assiniboine Park Zoo
 pelagicus
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
 pelagicus
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoopelagicus
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
 pelagicus
Helsinki Zoo
 pelagicus
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
 pelagicus
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kishinev Zoopark
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgpelagicus
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawpelagicus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
 pelagicus
Moscow Zoological Park
 pelagicus
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
National SEA LIFE Centrepelagicus
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilpelagicus
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkpelagicus
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
 pelagicus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 pelagicus
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 pelagicus
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safaripelagicus
Rotterdam Zoopelagicus
San Diego Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
The Hawk Conservancy
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergpelagicus
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 pelagicus
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifaunapelagicus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
 pelagicus
Yokohama Zool. Gardenspelagicus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 pelagicus
Zoological Garden Praguepelagicus
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
 pelagicus
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
 pelagicus

Range Map

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000 4Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access